Effect of Pulse Energy on the Optical Properties of ZnS Thin Films Prepared Using Pulse Laser Technique
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages: 173-179
Received: Oct. 6, 2018; Accepted: Oct. 22, 2018; Published: Nov. 19, 2018
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Khalid Mohammed Haroun, Faculty of Radiobiological and Imaging Sciences, Alzaeim Al-Azhari University, Omdurman, Sudan
Mohammed Nouman Mohammed Abdalla, Institute of Laser, Sudan University of Science & Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Sohad Saad Elwakeel, Institute of Laser, Sudan University of Science & Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Yousif Hassan Alsheikh Abd Alraheim, Department of Applied Physics & Mathematics, Omdurman Ahlia University, Omdurman, Sudan
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In these work four samples of ZnS thin films deposited on glass substrate using pulse laser deposition method with different pulse energies, the effect of the laser pulse energy on the optical properties of the four ZnS thin films fabricated was studied. Q-Switched Nd: YAG laser with the fundamental wavelength 1064 nm, laser Pulse energies of (125, 150, 175, and 200) mj with fixed number of pulses of 20, and pulse repetition rate of 5 Hz were used. The target to the substrate distance and angle were kept fixed. The film thicknesses were measured using FESEM measurement tool. The thickness of the deposited ZnS thin films was found to be linearly dependent on the pulse energy used. The transmission spectra in the tested region (532 to 915) nm were found to be in the range from 0.41 to 0.59% depending on the ZnS thin film thickness, and for each ZnS thin film the transmission spectrum is unique. The refractive indices of all samples were determined; and for each sample and it were found to change with wavelength, the highest refractive index of 5.6 at 915 nm was obtained for the sample of the smallest thickness 0.49 microns. Transmission spectra, absorption coefficients and the refractive indices they were in good agreement with the literature.
Laser Pulse Energy, Optical Properties, ZnS Thin Films, Pulse Laser Deposition (PLD)
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Khalid Mohammed Haroun, Mohammed Nouman Mohammed Abdalla, Sohad Saad Elwakeel, Yousif Hassan Alsheikh Abd Alraheim, Effect of Pulse Energy on the Optical Properties of ZnS Thin Films Prepared Using Pulse Laser Technique, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2018, pp. 173-179. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20180705.11
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