Intensification of Heat Transfer Processes in the Low Temperature Short Heat Pipes with Laval Nozzle Formed Vapour Channel
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 48-61
Received: Dec. 6, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 24, 2017; Published: Jan. 11, 2018
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Arkady Vladimirovich Seryakov, Research Laboratory, LLC Research and Development Company “Rudetransservice”, Veliky Novgorod, Russia
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The results of flow studies of moist vapour in Laval-liked vapour channels of short linear heat pipes (HPs) are presented. The increase in heat transfer coefficient of short linear HPs, intended for creation the cooling systems of heat-stressed designs of spacecraft is carried out by making the HPs vapour channel forms of the Laval-liked nozzle. Comparison of the heat transfer coefficients of short HPs with the standard cylindrical vapour channel and the channel, made in the Laval nozzle form with the equality of all dimensions, flat evaporator shows that the HPs with the Laval-liked nozzle vapour channel exceeds the heat transfer characteristics of the standard HPs with a cylindrical vapour channel under high thermal loads. The study of the flow and condensation in such shaped vapour channels of the short HPs at high thermal loads gives an opportunity to analyze in detail the advantages of using such HPs. Capacitive sensors are additionally installed in cooled top covers of the HPs, and electromagnetic pulses with a frequency of 100 kHz were supplied to them from the external generator. At heating the HPs evaporator, starting from a certain thermal power threshold value, electromagnetic pulses became modulated. It is related with the formations of the boiling process in the capillary-porous evaporator and large amount of vapour over it and its discontinuous distribution. An analytical and numerical evaluation are applied to study the duration of the occurring pulsations, and the analytical results are compared with numerical and experimentally obtained values of the pulsations periods.
Heat Pipes, Laval Nozzle, Pulsation, Heat Transfer Coefficient
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Arkady Vladimirovich Seryakov, Intensification of Heat Transfer Processes in the Low Temperature Short Heat Pipes with Laval Nozzle Formed Vapour Channel, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2018, pp. 48-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20180701.16
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