Please enter verification code
Special Issues
Refinement and Supplement of Phenomenology of Thermoelectricity
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 96-107
Received: Jun. 15, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2017; Published: Aug. 28, 2017
Views 2789      Downloads 94
S. V. Ordin, Ioffe Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Phenomenology of nonequilibrium thermodynamics based on independent thermodynamic forces with kinetic coefficients independent of the applied forces. Whereas the traditional thermoelectric phenomenology is based on the experimentally measured material parameters of the medium. At the same time, their historically emerging definitions have neither mathematical rigor nor consistency. And, as a result, the strict, developed in macroscopic phenomenological nonequilibrium thermodynamics patterns of relationship, in thermoelectricity are not completely considered. A rigorous phenomenological description of macroscopic thermoelectricity made it possible to reveal effects that had not been taken into account earlier when measuring thermoelectrics. In particular the effect of thermoelectric locking of current significantly influencing the measurement accuracy of conductivity of thermoelectrics has been ascertained. In addition, the phenomenology of thermoelectricity could be expanded both in terms of dimensionality and in terms of scale of size. Thereby it was succeeded to consider concentration effects even in the macroscopic case and to extend thermoelectricity phenomenology on micro- and the nano-level.
Local Effects, Sharply Inhomogeneous Media, Thermoelectricity, Phenomenological Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, p-n Junction
To cite this article
S. V. Ordin, Refinement and Supplement of Phenomenology of Thermoelectricity, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 96-107. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
D. N. Zubarev, Nonequilibrium statistical thermodynamics, publishing house "Science", Main edition of the physical and mathematical literature, 1971, 415 p.
L. Onsager, Phys. Rev., 1931, N 37, 405, N38, 2265.
Ordin S. V., Sokolov I. A, Zjuzin A. J., Thermoelectric processes in p-n junctions, Proceedings of X interstate seminar: Thermoelectrics and their application, A. F. Ioffe PhTI of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia, on November, 14-15th 2006, p. 41-47.
S. V. Ordin, Yu. V. Zhilyaev, V. V. Zelenin, V. N. Panteleev, Semiconductors, 51(7), July, 2017, pp. 883-886.
I. Prigogine, D. Kondepudi, MODERN THERMODYNAMICS, From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester-New York; Moscow, World, 2002, 462 pp.
M. Ziman, Principles of the theory of solids, Cambridge, University Press, 1972, 450 pp.
K. Zalevski, Phenomenological and Statistical Thermodynamics, Moscow, World, 1973, 167 pp.
S. V. Ordin, Semiconductors, 31(10), October, 1997, 1091 - 1093.
S. V. Ordin, Peltier Heat as a Volume Property and Optimization of Working Regimes of Thermo elements in Real Conditions, Abstracts of the XVI Int. Conf. on Thermo electrics (ICT' 97), Dresden, August, 1997.
S. V. Ordin, “Optical technique of measurement local thermo-EMF”, PhTI of A. F. Ioffe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia, Interstate Conference: Thermo electrics and their application, on November, 2014, Proceedings, St.-Petersburg, Russia, 2015, p. 234-237.
K. Seeger, Semiconductor Physics, Springer-Verlag, Wien, New York, 1973, 615 pp.
S. V. Ordin, Detector of Radiation on base HSM, Accepted Application for Russian Patent No 93036965/25 (037129) of 21th July 1994.
CRC Handbook of THERMOELECTRICS, ed. By D. M. Rowe, CRC Press, New York, 1994, 701.
S. V. Ordin, M. I. Fedorov, Phenomenological Analysis of Thermoelectric Processes in Heavy and Doped Semiconductors, Abstracts [TH-11] of the XVII Int. Conf. on Thermo electrics (ICT'98), 1998, p. 8.
Y. Okamoto, S. V. Ordin, T. Miyakawa, Journal of Applied Physics, v. 85, 9, 1999, p. 6728 -6737.
S. V. Ordin, W. N. Wang, "Thermoelectric Effects on Micro and Nano Level.", J. Advances in Energy Research, Volume 9, 2012, p. 311-342.
S. V. Ordin, A. Yu. Zjuzin, Yu. V Ivanov. and S. Yamaguchi, “Nano-structured materials for thermoelectric devices”, ITC2010, Shanghai, China, July, 2010, Journal of Electronic Materials (JEM) p. 137-147.
S. V. Ordin, “Progress and Problems of Thermoelectricity”, 02.08.2015, 10 pp.,
S. M. Sze, The Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd ed., Wiley, 1981, 370 pp.
Ordin S. V., Ballistic model of the movement of electrons over potential hill, PHTI of A. F. Ioffe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia, Interstate Conference: Thermoelectrics and their application, on November, 2014, Proceedings, St.-Petersburg, Russia, 2015, p. 199-203,, 14.11.2014, 10 pp.
S. V. Ordin, “Giant spatial dispersion in the region of plasmon-phonon interaction in one-dimensional- incommensurate crystal the higher silicide of manganese (HSM)”, Chapter (25 pp.) in the Book: Optical Lattices: Structures, Atoms and Solitons, Nova Sc. Publ. Inc.
G. G. Ishanin, Radiation detectors of optical and light-wave devices, Leningrad, Mechanical engineering, 1986, 175 pp.
S. V. Ordin, Thermoelectric Waves in Anisotropic Cristal of Higher Manganese Silicide, Proc. XV the Int. Conf. on Thermo electrics, p. 212-214, (ICT'95), St.-Peterburg, Russia, 1995.
S. V. Ordin, J. NBICS-Science. Technologies, 2017, No. 1, p. 53-65.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186