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A Study of Droplet Evaporation
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2013, Pages: 71-76
Received: Dec. 12, 2012; Published: Mar. 10, 2013
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Koffi Sagna, Laboratory of Solar Energy, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Université de Lomé, Lomé TOGO
Amah D’Almeida, Laboratory of Solar Energy, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Université de Lomé, Lomé TOGO; Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Université de Lomé, Lomé TOGO
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We investigate the problem of the vaporization of a liquid droplet in a hotter environment of the same fluid. The Navier-Stokes equations are solved for a physical model which assumes spherical symmetry and laminar conditions in the quasi steady case. The study is mainly characterized by the fact that the equation of conservation of momentum is effectively taken into account and the velocity of the drop is not always uniform. Recession laws which are different from the classical d^2 law can be derived from the zeroth order approximation solution. Additional assumptions on the thermodynamical properties of the gas phase in subcritical conditions restore the classical law and permit the determination of an analytic expression for the vaporization ratio K. The analysis of the evolution of the temperature, the density and the velocity in the droplet and in the gaseous phase reveals the existence of shock waves which develop from the center of the droplet towards its boundary and an unbalanced energetic layer attached to the interface when the velocity is not uniform in the drop.
Drop Evaporation; d^2-Law; Quasi- Steady Recession; Mass Flow; Temperature
To cite this article
Koffi Sagna, Amah D’Almeida, A Study of Droplet Evaporation, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 71-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20130202.17
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