Challenges in Realising Sustainable Community Development in Rural South Africa
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 4-1, August 2015, Pages: 73-79
Received: Apr. 13, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 24, 2015; Published: May 27, 2015
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Author
Bernice B. Van Schalkwyk, School for Geo and Spatial Sciences, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
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Abstract
The importance of rural development has long since been known but it has specific relevance to South Africa, where the poor quality of life is driving rural resident to migrate toward urban areas. This is turn is causing worrying problems for cities and towns which have to provide housing and services to the increased influx of new residents. The only solution to the rural exodus is to redevelop rural areas into sustainable communities. Having a clear definition and understanding of sustainable development and sustainable communities is a prerequisite in developing sustainable rural communities. To this end the Venn diagram of sustainability as it applies to communities is utilized, to incorporate social, environmental and economic issues into sustainable community planning and development. From this a better understanding of the interactions between the various spheres of sustainability can be had, leading to a better understanding of sustainable community development as a whole. Unfortunately there are several challenges in achieving sustainable rural communities. While most of these challenges are well known there are a few that are unique to the South African rural sphere. If development plans and policies aren’t tailor made to adapt to these specific challenges then sustainable community development will never be possible in rural South Africa.
Keywords
Sustainable Development, Community Development, Rural Development
To cite this article
Bernice B. Van Schalkwyk, Challenges in Realising Sustainable Community Development in Rural South Africa, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Planning for Sustainable Communities: Green-Spaces in Rural Areas. Vol. 4, No. 4-1, 2015, pp. 73-79. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.s.2015040401.19
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