Sustainable Harvesting of Alstonia boonei De Wild. (Apocynaceae) in the Community Forest of Mbeth II, East Region of Cameroon
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 10-22
Received: Aug. 26, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 11, 2014; Published: Sep. 23, 2014
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Jean Lagarde Betti, Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Douala, BP 24 157 Cameroon
Joseph Ambara, Ministry of Environment and Nature Protection, Cameroon
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This paper aims to analyze the traditional usages and, assess the abundance of stems and the mass of the barks of Alstonia boonei for its use as a medicinal plant in the community forest of Mbeth II, East region of Cameroon. Ethnobotanical surveys were conducted among the community of Mbeth II and in city markets in Bertoua and Yaoundé between January and April 2012. The management inventory was conducted in July 2012 to assess the abundance of A. boonei stems in the forest. During the inventory, samples of barks were collected from mature trees and the mass of the stem barks of A. boonei was estimated using an indirect method. A. boonei was cited by 26 informants in the village and markets in the treatment of six ailments. Malaria, typhoid fever and intestinal worms were largely cited. The stem bark is confirmed for its activity against malaria/fever. The density (number of stems/ha) of A. boonei obtained in the Community forest of Mbeth II was 0.89 stems/ha. The density of exploitable stems was therefore 0.744 stems/ha. The average volume of fresh bark for an exploitable tree is 0.0356 m3, while the average fresh mass of the bark of an exploitable tree was 34.4 kg. Considering that for all trees above 30 cm diameter at breast high (considered as a minimum exploitable diameter for the harvesting of barks), only two quarters of the bark are taken from the main stem up to the first branch, the average sustainable mass of Alstonia boonei in Mbeth II is 17.2 kg. Results discussed in this paper can be summarized, in a specific document called “the simple management plan of A. boonei as a medicinal plant in the community forest of Mbeth II”. The glaring development challenge at the back ground of what precedes is the urgent need to achieve the recommendations proposed in such a document.
Sustainable Harvesting, Alstonia Boonei, Community Forests, Simple Management Plan, Fresh Mass, Management Inventories, Exploitable Tree, Cameroon
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Jean Lagarde Betti, Joseph Ambara, Sustainable Harvesting of Alstonia boonei De Wild. (Apocynaceae) in the Community Forest of Mbeth II, East Region of Cameroon, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment. Vol. 3, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 10-22. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.s.2014030601.13
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