Effect of Cultivation in Different Age’s Oil Palm Plantation on Selected Chemical Properties of Peat Swamp Soils
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 6-9
Received: Aug. 10, 2014;
Accepted: Sep. 10, 2014;
Published: Sep. 23, 2014
Views 3629 Downloads 154
Seca Gandaseca, Dept. of Forest Product, Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Muhamad Ismawi Salimin, Dept. of Crops Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, University Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia
Osumanu Haruna Ahmed, Dept. of Crops Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, University Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia
Large-scale land conversion of peat for agricultural purposes requires clearance, drainage, fertilizer application, and liming to increase the pH and boost microbial activity. The objective of this present study was to compare the soil chemical properties of oil palm plantation one-three years oil palm planted and mature oil palm that were previously a secondary tropical peat swamp forest. Soil samples were collected randomly at difference age’s oil palm plantation from a Young Oil Palm Plantation (YOPP) in one year period of time at same place and Mature Oil Palm Plantation (MOPP) another place from oil palm plantation in Batang Igan, Sibu Sarawak, Malaysia. Approach: Forty eight soil samples were taken using a peat soil auger at 0-15 cm depths in every area. The samples were air dried and then sieved to pass 2 mm sieve. Soil pH in water and KCl, soil CEC, Organic Matter (OM), Organic Carbon (OC), Total Nitrogen (TN), Total Phosphorous (TP), Total Potassium (TK), carbon to nitrogen ratio and carbon to phosphorous ratio were determined using standard procedures. Statistical analysis showed that CEC, TC and OM content were statistically similar. Results: The soil pHwater, TN and C/N ration shows highly significant for all difference age's oil palm plantation. Difference with pHKCl and TK content shows no significantly difference between YOPP 2 years and 3 years but both areas significantly higher with MOPP. For TP and C/P ratio content has no significant difference for YOPP (2 years) and MOPP but significantly difference with YOPP (3 years). Conclusion: Regardless of difference age's oil palm plantation, total carbon, organic matter and CEC was statistically similar to different ages of oil palm plantation, but soil acidity, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, C/N and C/P ratio was significantly higher between three areas weather YOPP (2 years), YOPP (3 years) and MOPP.
Muhamad Ismawi Salimin,
Osumanu Haruna Ahmed,
Effect of Cultivation in Different Age’s Oil Palm Plantation on Selected Chemical Properties of Peat Swamp Soils, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue:Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment.
Vol. 3, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 6-9.
Andriesse, J.P., 1988. Nature and Management of Tropical Peats. FAO Soils Bulletin 59. FAO, Rome, ISBN: 92-5-102657-2.
Posa, M.R.C., L.S. Wijedasa and R.T. Corlett., 2011. Biodiversity and Conservation of Tropical Peat Swamp Forests. American Institute of Biological Sciences., 61(1): 49-57.
Mohamed, M., E. Padmanabhan, B.L.H. Meiand and W.B. Siong. 2002. The Peat Soils of Sarawak. University Malaysia Sarawak.Malaysia. http://www.strapeat.alterra.nl/download/ 12%20peat%20soils%20of%20Sarawak.pdf
Kazemian, S., V., Ghiasi and Bujang B.K. 2011. Huat, In effect of cement on peat stabilization, the proceeding if the first Iranian students scientific conference in Malaysia. April 9-10,.
Tay, T.H., 1969. The distribution, characteristics, uses and potential of peat in West Malaysia. J. Trop. Geograph., 29: 58-63.
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, MARDI. 2009. Extent and Characteristic of Peat Soil. Agric. Res. Dev. Inst., pp. 3-25.
Kanapathy, K., 1976. Fertilizer requirement on peat soils. Malaysian Agric. J., 50: 292-307 http://orton.catie.ac.cr/ cgibin/wxis.exe/?IsisScript=CATALCO.xis&method=post&formato=2&cantidad=1&expresion=mfn=046312
Tie, Y.L. and J.S. Lim, 1992. Characteristic and classification of organic soils in Malaysia. In tropical peat. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tropical Peatland, May 6-10, Malaysia Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp: 441.http://www.abebooks. co.u/9789679361278/Tropical-Peat-Proceedings-International-Symposium-9679361276/plp
Fiala, K. and J. Krhovjakova, 2008. Application of lossof-ignition method to the soil organic carbon determination. Geophys. Res. Abstr., 10: 1-2.
Jones, J.B., 2001. Laboratory Guide for Conducting Soil Tests and Plant Analysis., ISBN: 0849302064. CRC Press, USA, pp: 209-212.
Zarcinas, B.A., B. Cartwright and L.R. Spouncer. 1987. Nitric acid degestion and multi-element analysis of plant material by inductively coupled plasma spectrometry. Common Soil Science Plant Analysis 18(1): 131-146. DOI: 10.1080/00103628709367806
Bray, R.H. and L.T. Kurtz, 1945. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Sci., 59: 39-45. http://scholar.google.com.pk/scholar?hl=en& lr=&q=info:2cWp5lf_TuMJ:scholar.google.com/&output=viewport&pg=1
SAS., 2001. SAS/STAT Software. SAS Institute, Cary, NC. ISBN: 10: 1580258506
Lea FM. 1956. In the Chemistry of Cement and Concrete, ed. Lea and Desch, London: Edwar Arnold Ltd.
Muttalib, A., Lim J.S., Wong M.H., Koonvai L. 1991. Characterization, distribution, and utilization of peat in Malaysia. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tropical Peatland, ed. Aminuddid, Kuching, Sarawak, pp. 7-16.
Aho M. 1986. The ion exchange and adsorption properties of sphagnum peat under acidic conditions, Research report No. 24, University of Jyväskylä. ISBN 951-679-533-1, ISSN 0357-346X.
Doran, J.W and T.B. Parkin, 1994. Defining and assessing soil quality. In Defining Soil Quality for a Sustanable Environment; Doran, J.W., Coleman, D.C., Bezdicek, D.F., Stewart, B.A., EDS; Soil Science. Society AM.: Madison, WI, 1994, pp. 3-24.
Paul, E.A., and F.E. Clark, 1996. Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry, Academic Press, San Diego (1996) pp. 131–146.
Tie, Y.L. and H.S. Kueh, 1979. A review of lowland organic soils of Sarawak. Department of Agriculture, Technical Paper 4, Research Branch, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Muniandy, M., O.H. Ahmed, N.M.A. Majid and M.K. Yusop, 2009. Effects of Converting Secondary Forest to Oil Palm Plantation on Peat Soil Carbon and Nitrogen and other Soil Chemical Properties. Am. J. Environ. Sci., 5: 406-412. DOI:10.3844/.2009. 406-412E.A.