Smallholder Farmers Agricultural Commercialization in Ethiopia: A Review
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 9, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 67-74
Received: Mar. 27, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 25, 2020; Published: Jun. 4, 2020
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Author
Addisu Getahun, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The agricultural production sector is a backbone of the Ethiopian economy. In Ethiopia 95% of the total area is cultivated by smallholder farmers and contribute 90% of the total agricultural output. As reviewed from different literatures household demographic characteristics, household resource endowments, social, cultural, infrastructural, institutional and economic factors influence the level of smallholders’ commercialization. In this regard, to enhance smallholder’s commercialization generating improved high yielding varieties and adoption of these newly released technologies through agricultural research is crucial, public investments in infrastructural development and government policies that improve institutional arrangements are essential. Development agents at rural peasant association have to be properly advice farmers on agricultural production and marketing, farmers’ cooperative and farmers’ organization are required to enable smallholder farmers collectively accessing agricultural inputs, credit, information and marketing of their produce. In general, based on the review of smallholders’ commercialization rigorous efforts of all stakeholders including governments, research institutions, universities, farmers, NGOs, and development practitioners are essential to eliminate the existing bottlenecks to improve the livelihood of smallholder farmers.
Keywords
Smallholders, Commercialization, Determinants and Impacts
To cite this article
Addisu Getahun, Smallholder Farmers Agricultural Commercialization in Ethiopia: A Review, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 67-74. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20200903.14
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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