Determinant of Rainfed and Dry Seasons Rice Farming in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 9, Issue 2, April 2020, Pages: 33-38
Received: Dec. 1, 2019;
Accepted: Dec. 16, 2019;
Published: May 19, 2020
Views 156 Downloads 60
Obianefo Chukwujekwu Aloysius, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Anarah Emeka Samuel, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Osuafor Ogonna Olive, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Anumudu Oluchi Odinaka, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
The study on the determinant of rain-fed and dry season rice farming in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria estimated the production function of rice farmers at rain-fed, as well as at dry season. The study equally looked at the challenges confronting rice farmers in the study area at both season. A well-structured questionnaire as well as face to face interview were the research instruments used to elicit information from randomly selected 100 (70 rain-fed and 30 dry seasons) rice farmers for the study. A combination of analytical tools were utilized, multiple regression and principal factor analysis were the research models used to operationalize the study concept. The regression result with the highest significant variables as well as the highest coefficient of multiple determinant (R2) were chosen as the lead equation, while each challenges confronting rice farmers at both season in the study area were named according to the factors with the highest loading. The study found out that the R2 for both rain-fed and dry season rice farming was 0.8951 and 0.7999 respectively. These confirms that the error beyond the control of the farmers at rain-fed was 10.5% and 20.0% at dry season. The study equally revealed that the determinants of rain-fed rice farming were fertilizer (β = 0.484 and t = 5.11**), urea (β = 0.661 and t = 4.43**), agro-chemical (β = 27.488 and t = 4.65**) and labour (β = 28.008 and t = 4.42**). While labour supply (β = 39.425 and t = 16.09**) and farm size (β = 250.344 and t = 4.19**) were the determinants of dry season rice farming in the study area. Environmental factor accounted for 21.42% and 21.79% of the variance of factors challenging rice farming at rain-fed and dry season respectively. Institutional factor accounted for 15.34% and 17.90% of the variance of factors challenging rice farming at rain-fed and dry season respectively, and Economic accounted for 13.51% and 14.37% of the variance of factors challenging rice farming at rain-fed and dry season respectively. The three factors explained 50.28% and 54.06% of the variance of the factors challenging rice farming at both season in Ayamelum Local Government Area.
Obianefo Chukwujekwu Aloysius,
Anarah Emeka Samuel,
Osuafor Ogonna Olive,
Anumudu Oluchi Odinaka,
Determinant of Rainfed and Dry Seasons Rice Farming in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 9, No. 2,
2020, pp. 33-38.
E. Y. Ngaltungo (2015). Comparative economic analysis of upland and lowland rainfed rice production in selected local government areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria. An unpublished thesis submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Pp: 142.
J. C. Norman and B. Kebe (2004). African smallholder farmers: rice production and sustainable livelihoods. Regional perspectives. Pp 33 - 58.
T. M. Kudi, R. Yakubu and D. H. Nasa’l (2010). Comparative analysis of the profitability of NERICA rice and local rice varieties production in Chukun Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research 10 (2): 67 – 72.
FAOSTAT, (2010). Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Retrieved October 26, 2019, from http://www.faostat.org/site/342/default.aspx.
CBN (2012). Demand for rice in Nigeria, CBN annual report. Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Abuja. pp 50 – 54.
Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) (2010). Rice transformation project proposal report submitted to the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja Nigeria.
FAOSTAT (2013). Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), Retrieved October 26, 2019, from http://www.faostat.org/site/567/default.aspx.
RIMIDAN (2017). Nigeria cannot attain self-sufficiency in rice production by 2018. S. Foyeku (Eds.). Rice Importers, Millers and Distribution Association of Nigeria. Retrieved online, January 12, 2019, from www.shipandport.com.
C. A. Obianefo, N. F. Aguaguiyi, E. E. Umebali and C. I. Ezeano (2019). Comparative analysis of rain-fed and dry season rice farming in Value Chain Development Programme in Ayamelum Local Government Area- Anambra State. International Journal of Science and Research. 8 (7), pp: 1655-1659. DOI: 10.21275/art20198913.
USDA (2014): Agricultural Statistic. U.S. Government. United State Department of Agriculture. Washington. Printing Office. DC Area (202) 512-1800.
C. U. Onugu, C. A Obianefo and N. L. Anumba (2018). Constraints to adoption of good agronomic practice among rice farmers in Anambra State Value Chain Development Programme. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Food Security and Hidden Hunger 8th – 10th October 2018, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, faculty of Agriculture. Pp 55-61.
G. Makombe, R. NAMARA, F. HAGOS, S. B. AWULACHEW, M. AYANA, and D. BOSSIO (2011). A comparative analysis of the technical efficiency of rain-fed and smallholder irrigation in Ethiopia, Vol. Iwmi Working Paper 143. Colombo, Sri Lanka, International Water Management Institute.
R. O. Babatunde, M. F. Salami and B. A. Mohammed (2016). Determinants of yield gap in rain-fed and irrigated rice production: Evidence from a household survey in Kwara State. Proceeding of the 5th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, September 23-26, 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp: 9.
T. A. Manoj and B. W. Mugera (2013). Production efficiency and technology gap in irrigated and rain-fed rice farming systems in Sri Lanka: Non parametric approach. Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society. School of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Western Australia m089, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley Wa 6009 Australia, Tel: +61-08-6488-4633, fax: +61-08-6488-1098. pp: 27. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/253239077_production_efficiency_and_technology_gap_in_irrigated_and_rain-fed_rice_farming_systems_in_sri_lanka_non_parametric_approach [accessed Oct. 26 2019].
S. Nkwazema (2016, November 5) - THISDAYLIVE. The Rice Debate: Why Nigeria Can’t Meet Local Rice Production Demand. Retrieved 12 March 2019 from https://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/11/05/the-rice-debate-why-nigeria-cant-meet-local-rice-production-demand/.
B. B. Wategire and P. C. Ike (2015). An analysis of the Technical Efficiency of non-motorized small scale Shrimp Fishers in the Coastal areas of Delta State, Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 6 (1), pp: 285-291. DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n1p285.
H. E. Tilahun, M. M. Teklu, and S. B. Awulachew (2011). Comparative performance of irrigated and rain-fed agriculture in Ethiopia. World Applied Sciences Journal 14 (2): 235-244.
J. A. Olufemi (2016). Economic analysis of irrigated rice production in Kura Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria. A thesis submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria. Pp: 82.
O. W. Osawe, V. O. Akinyosoye, B. T. Omonona, V. O. Okoruwa and K. K. Salman (2017). Productivity differentials in rice production systems: Evidence from rice farmers in five Agro-ecological Zones in Nigeria. J. Nutraceuticals Food Sci. Vol. 2 No. 3: 18-27.
A. Sani, A. A. Yakubu and H. M. Bello (2010). Resource-use efficiency in rice production under small scale irrigation in bunkure local government area of kano state, nigerian journal of basic and applied science. 18 (2): 292-296.
A. Abdul-Gafar, S. W. Xu, Y. Wen and W. Yu (2017). Comparative study on factors influencing rice yield in Niger state of Nigeria and Hainan of China. International Journal of Agricultural and Food Research. Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 15-25.
A. Ahmed, S. Xu, W. Yu, Y. Wang (2017). Comparative study on factors influencing rice yield in Niger State of Nigeria and Hainan of China. Int. J. Agric. Food Res. 6 (1): 15-25.
NPC (2006). National Population Census results. Federal Government of Nigeria Official gazette 24, (94): 6-7.