Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages: 22-28
Received: Dec. 6, 2018;
Accepted: Jul. 9, 2019;
Published: May 19, 2020
Views 23 Downloads 21
Arooj Fatima Ramay, Key Plant Ecology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Zeeshan Khalid, Key Climatology Laboratory, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fahd Rasul, Key Climatology Laboratory, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Gao Jie, Key Laboratory of Crop Heterosis and Utilization of the Ministry of Education, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
Muhammad Usama Afzal, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Mahran Aslam, Key Laboratory of Crop Heterosis and Utilization of the Ministry of Education, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
Hybrid rice technology is one of the most important innovations in order to meet the food requirement of ever growing population of Pakistan. Land and water resources are also declining day by day and it is need of hour to increase production per unit area which is only possible through the cultivation of rice hybrids. Full production technology of it needs to be explored under the climatic conditions of Pakistan. Hybrid rice (Arize H-64) was tested using four seedling ages (10, 20, 30 and 40 days) and five nitrogen levels (0, 100, 135, 170 and 205 kg ha-1) through field experiment conducted at the Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad during summer 2013. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with factorial arrangement having three replications. The results revealed that seedling age and nitrogen rates had significant effect on total tillers m-2, productive tillers m-2, panicle total grains, filled grains panicle-1, grain and straw yield ha-1. Maximum paddy yield (7487.7 kg ha-1) was produced when 10-days old seedlings were transplanted while minimum (4735.9 kg ha-1) was observed in 40-days old seedlings. Yield and yield components were also recorded higher for 10-days old seedlings. Regarding nitrogen levels 205 kg N ha-1 gave maximum (7899.7 kg ha-1) paddy yield which was statistically at par with the application of 170 kg N ha-1 while minimum (3197.9 kg ha-1) paddy yield was obtained at control with no nitrogen fertilization.
Arooj Fatima Ramay,
Muhammad Zeeshan Khalid,
Muhammad Usama Afzal,
Muhammad Mahran Aslam,
Influence of Seedling Age and Nitrogen Rates on Productivity of Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.), Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 9, No. 1,
2020, pp. 22-28.
Wang, J., et al., Effect of Climate Change on the Yield of Cereal Crops: A Review. Climate, 2018. 6 (2): p. 41.
Rojas-Downing, M. M., et al., Climate change and livestock: Impacts, adaptation, and mitigation. Climate Risk Management, 2017. 16: p. 145-163.
Tang, L., Z.-j. Xu, and W.-f. Chen, Advances and prospects of super rice breeding in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2017. 16 (5): p. 984-991.
Chen, W., Z. Xu, and L. Tang, Advances and prospects in research on super rice breeding. Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University, 2012. 43 (6): p. 643-649.
Reuben, P., et al., Influence of transplanting age on paddy yield under the system of rice intensification. Agricultural Sciences, 2016. 7 (3): p. 154-163.
Liu, Q., et al., Effects of seedling age and cultivation density on agronomic characteristics and grain yield of mechanically transplanted rice. Scientific Reports, 2017. 7.
Khusrul Amin, A. K. M. and M. Aminul Haque, Seedling age influence rice (Oryza sativa L.) performance. Vol. 138. 2009. 219-226.
Subedi, R., Nursery management influences yield and yield attributes of rainfed lowland rice. Vol. 2. 2013. 86-91.
Hildebrandt, Tatjana M., et al., Amino Acid Catabolism in Plants. Molecular Plant, 2015. 8 (11): p. 1563-1579.
Hawkesford, M. J., Reducing the reliance on nitrogen fertilizer for wheat production. Journal of Cereal Science, 2014. 59 (3): p. 276-283.
Zhou, H., et al., Development of Commercial Thermo-sensitive Genic Male Sterile Rice Accelerates Hybrid Rice Breeding Using the CRISPR/Cas9-mediated TMS5 Editing System. Scientific Reports, 2016. 6: p. 37395.
Zhou, W., et al., Late nitrogen application enhances spikelet number in indica hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.). Scientia Agricola, 2017. 74 (2): p. 127-133.
Shrirame, M. D., H. J. Rajgire, and A. H. Rajgire, Effect of spacing and seedling number per hill on growth attributes and yield of rice hybrids under lowland condition. Journal of Soils and Crops, 2000. 10 (1): p. 109-113.
Pramanik, K. and A. K. Bera, Effect of seedling age and nitrogen fertilizer on growth, chlorophyll content, yield and economics of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.). International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 2013. 4 (Special Issue): p. 3489-3499.
Pasuquin, E., T. Lafarge, and B. Tubana, Transplanting young seedlings in irrigated rice fields: Early and high tiller production enhanced grain yield. Field Crops Research, 2008. 105 (1-2): p. 141-155.
Salem, A. K. M., et al., Effect of Nitrogen fertilizer and seedling age on inbred and hybrid rice varieties. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 2011. 11 (5): p. 640-646.
Ginigaddara, S. and S. Ranamukhaarachchi, STUDY OF AGE OF SEEDLINGS AT TRANSPLANTING ON GROWTH DYNAMICS AND YIELD OF RICE UNDER ALTERNATING FLOODING AND SUSPENSION OF IRRIGATION OF WATER MANAGEMENT. Vol. 3. 2011. 76-88.
El-Rewainy, I. M., et al., Response of two rice cultivars to different seedling ages and nitrogen levels. 8th African Crop Science Society Conference, El-Minia, Egypt, 27-31 October 2007, 2007: p. 1937-1941.
Akram, H. M., et al., Yield and yield components of rice varieties as affected by transplanting dates. Journal of Agricultural Research (Lahore), 2007. 45 (2): p. 105-111.
Sarkar, M. A. R., S. K. Paul, and M. A. Hossain, Effect of row arrangement, age of tiller seedling and number of tiller seedlings per hill on performance of transplant aman rice. Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Sri Lanka), 2011. 6 (2): p. 59-68.
Patra, P. S. and H. Samsul, Effect of seedling age on tillering pattern and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under system of rice intensification. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 2011. 6 (11): p. 33-35.
Atera, E. A., et al., Field evaluation of selected NERICA rice cultivars in Western Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2011. 6 (1): p. 60-66.
Manjunatha, B. N., R. Basavarajappa, and B. T. Pujari, Effect of age of seedlings on growth, yield and water requirement by different system of rice intensification. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2010. 23 (2): p. 231-234.
Hossain, M. F., et al., The efficiency of nitrogen fertiliser for rice in Bangladeshi farmers’ fields. Vol. 93. 2005. 94–107.
Abou-Khalifa, A. A. B., Evaluation of some rice varieties under different nitrogen levels. Advances in Applied Science Research, 2012. 3 (2): p. 1144-1149.
ayakumar, M., S. Krishnasamy, and N. Thavaprakash, Effect of irrigation regimes, mid-season drainage and time of application of nitrogen on growth and yield of hybrid rice. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 2004. 52 (1): p. 45-51.
Awan, T. H., et al., EFFECT OF DIFFERENT NITROGEN LEVELS AND ROW SPACING ON THE PERFORMANCE OF NEWLY EVOLVED MEDIUM GRAIN RICE VARIETY, KSK-133. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 2011. 21 (2): p. 231-234.