Effect of Different Level of Nitrogen Fertilizer on Growth, Yield and Yield Component of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Mill.) at West Showa Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 100-104
Received: Aug. 13, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 8, 2019; Published: Oct. 21, 2019
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Authors
Nemomsa Beyene, Department of Plant Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
Tilahun Mulu, Department of Plant Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The field experiment was conducted in West showa zone, Toke kutaye district of Ormia region, Ethiopia with the objective to determine the optimum nitrogen fertilizer rate on different growth parameters, yield and yield component of tomato crop. To attain the objective, four level of nitrogen fertilizer Viz., 0, 50, 100, and 150 kg/ha were used as treatments. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Data on plant height, number of primary branches per plant, number of leaves per plants, number of cluster per plant, number of fruits per cluster and fruit yield were collected from five plants of the middle rows of each plot and subjected to statistical analysis software (SAS) version 9.3 and LSD at 5% was used for mean comparison. The statistical analysis showed that, there was the significant (P<0.05) difference among treatments for all parameters except for number of fruit per cluster. For growth variables, 150 kg/ha revealed the highest value but there was no significant (P<0.05) difference between 100 and 150 kg/ha of nitrogen except for the height of the plant. The treatment 150 kg/ha nitrogen fertilizer provided 22.41, 35.57 and 25.40% over the control treatment in height, number of leaves and number of primary branch, respectively. The treatment 150 kg/ha nitrogen fertilizer increased the number of cluster per plant and yield of tomato fruit per hectare by 34.50 and 70.79% over the control treatment, respectively. However, there was no significant difference in both number of cluster per plant and yield per hectare between 150 and 100 kg N/ha.
Keywords
Tomato, Nitrogen Fertilizer, Yield Components, Yield
To cite this article
Nemomsa Beyene, Tilahun Mulu, Effect of Different Level of Nitrogen Fertilizer on Growth, Yield and Yield Component of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Mill.) at West Showa Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 100-104. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20190805.12
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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