Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2019, Pages: 64-72
Received: May 7, 2019;
Accepted: Jun. 13, 2019;
Published: Jul. 18, 2019
Views 238 Downloads 61
Gebrekidan Feleke Mekuria, Department of Crop Science, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Walelign Worku, School of Plant & Horticultural Sciences Department, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Asnake Fikre Woldemedhin, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) is a major food crop in Ethiopian. It is affordable protein source and important in sustaining soil fertility through nitrogen fixation. However, its current national productivity of 1.46 t ha-1 is lower than its potential due to inadequate agronomic management practices, nutrient imbalance and lack of indigenous or commercial Rhizobium strains of lentil. Therefore, the field experiment was conducted at Ada’a district under rain-fed condition during 2016/17 main cropping season to assess the role of S and Rhizobium inoculant on nodulation, nutrient utilization and yield response of lentil. The experiment consisted of three levels of S (0, 20 and 40 kg ha-1) and Rhizobium inoculant (un-inoculated and inoculated) in a factorial combination using Alemaya lentil variety as a test crop. The experiment was conducted using randomized complete block design with three replications. The result showed the interaction of sulphur fertilization and Rhizobium inoculant were significant on days to flowering, number of nodules plant-1, nodule dry weight plant-1, number of seeds pod-1, aboveground dry biomass, seed yield, seed S uptake, haulm S uptake, total S uptake, sulphur agronomic and recovery efficiency as well as sulphur harvest index. Application of 40 kg S ha-1 without Rhizobium inoculant led to produce the highest seed yield (2.27 t ha-1) and delayed days to flowering (46 days) of lentil whereas, the highest nodule dry weight plant-1 (1.1mg) and sulphur harvest index (17.68%) were obtained at the rate of 40 kg S ha-1under Rhizobium inoculations. On the other hand the maximum number of nodule plant-1 (15.60), number of seed pod-1 (1.99), total aboveground dry biomass (8.22 t ha-1), Sulphur agronomic efficiency (32.11kg ha-1), sulphur recovery efficiency (66.00 kg ha-1) were obtained in response to sulphur application at 20 kg ha-1 under Rhizobium inoculations. Moreover, Rhizobium inoculation without S fertilization gave the highest seed (3.88kg ha-1), haulm (23.33kg ha-1) and total S uptake (24.89 kg ha-1). Rhizobium inoculation without S application had high net benefit, relatively low variable cost with an acceptable and maximum MRR for lentil production in Ada'a district. However, since the experiment was conducted only for one season and one site, repeating the trial at different sites as well as in the same trial site would be important in order to draw sound recommendation.
Gebrekidan Feleke Mekuria,
Asnake Fikre Woldemedhin,
Nutrient Utilization and Yield Response of Lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) to Rhizobium Inoculant and Sulphur Fertilization, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 8, No. 3,
2019, pp. 64-72.
Bhattacharya S., Narasimb H. V., Bhattacharya S. 2005. The moisture dependent physical and mechanical properties of whole lentil pulse and split cotyledon. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 40, 213–22.
Zhao, Y. H.; Manthey, F. A.; Chang, S. K. C.; Hou, H. J.; Yuan, S. H. 2005. Quality characteristics of spaghetti as affected by green and yellow pea, lentil, and chickpea flours. J. Food Sci. 70, S371–S376. 1.
Frehiwot Mulugeta. 2009. Lentil Production, Supply, Demand and Marketing issues in Ethiopia, Ethiopia Commodity Exchange Authority, unpublished document, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2015. Analysis of price incentives for lentils in Ethiopia for the time period 2005–2012.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency). 2017. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency agricultural sample survey volume 1. Report on area and production for major crops (private peasant holding Meher season) statistical bulletin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 20-24pp.
Abraham Reda. 2015. Lentil (Lens culinaris M.) current status and future prospect of production in Ethiopia. J. Adv. Plants Agric. Res. 2 (2): 5-45.
Caliskan S., Ozkaya I., Caliskan M. E. & Arslan M. 2008. The effect of nitrogen and iron frtilization on growth, yield and fertilizer use efficiency of soybean in Mediterranean type soil. Field Crop Research. 108: 126-132.
Begum F., FEROZA Hossain F. & Nondal R. I. 2012. Influence of Sulphur on Morpho-Physiological and Yield Parameters of Rapeseed (Brassica campestris L.). Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 37 (4): 645-652.
Pasricha N. S. & Fox R. L. 1993. Plant nutrient sulphur in the tropics and subtropics. Advances in. Agronomy. 50: 209-255.
Fageria N. K. 2009. The use of nutrients in crop plants. CRC, Press Taylor and Francis group Printed in U.S.A. 430pp.
Renuka Kholkute. Biofertilizers: Opportunities and Challenges. https://www.ifaj.org/fileadmin/filedb/a/2014/20141128_.
Abdelgani M E, Elsheikh E A E & Mukhtar N O (1998) Food Chemistry, 64, 289.
Sekhon K S, Singh J P & Mehta D S (2007) Archives of Agronomy and Soil Sciences, 53, 253.
Mesfin Kebede & Tekalign Tadesse. 2011. Indexing soil P to recommend for durum wheat in East Showa, Oromia Region. Report and Opinion. 134-140pp.
Lafond, G., Johnston E. and Nybo B. 2002. Lentil yield, starter nitrogen fertilizer and inoculant effects. Agri-Food Innovation Fund research report 2002 Saskatchewan, Canada.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2008. FAO fertilizer and plant nutrition bulletin: Guide to laboratory establishment for plant nutrient analysis. Bulletin No. 19. Rome, Italy. 204pp.
Hussain K., Islam M., Siddique M. T., Hayat R. & Mohsan S. 2011. Soybean growth and nitrogen fixation as affected by sulphur fertilization and inoculation under rain fed conditions in Pakistan. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 13: 951-955.
Albrizio R., Todorovic M., Matic T. & Stellacci A. M. 2010. Comparing the interactive effects of water and nitrogen on Durum Wheat and Barley grown in a Mediterranean environment. Field Crops Research. 115: 179–190.
Fageria N. K. & Santos A. B. 2002. Low land rice genotypes evaluation for phosphorus use efficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25 (12): 2793 -2802.
SAS Institute, 2012. Statistical Analysis Software (SAS) user’s guide. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center). 1988. Farm Agronomic to farmer’s recommendation. An Economic Training Manual. Completely revised edition, D. F. Mexico. 51p.
Fukuyama K. 2004. Structure and function of plant- type ferredoxin. Photosynthesis. Res. 81: 291–301
Beza Shewangzaw. 2017. Response of chickpea (Cicer aritienum l.) to sulphur andzinc nutrients application and Rhizobium inoculation in North Western Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis, Collage of Agriculture, Haramaya University, Haramaya. 29-78pp.
Reta Dargie. 2015. Effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilizer levels on growth, yield, and oil content of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum l.) In Sinana, south-eastern Ethiopia. At Haramaya. An MSc. Thesis presented to the school of graduate studies of Haramaya university. 52p.
Scherer H. W., Pacyna S., Manthey M. & Schulz M. 2006. Sulphur supply to Peas (Pisum sativum L.) Influences symbiotic N2 fixation. Plant Soil Environ. 52 (2): 72–77.
Habtegebrial Kiros, Singh B. R. & Aune J. B. 2007. Wheat response to N2 fixed by Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) As affected by sulphur fertilization and Rhizobia inoculation in semi-arid Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 170: 412-418.
Scherer H. W. 2008. Impact of Sulphur on N2 Fixation of Legumes. P: 5. In: Khan N. A. (ed.), Sulphur Assimilation and A biotic Stress in Plants, Kluwer academic publications, The Netherlands.
Sharifi R. S. 2016. Application of bio-fertilizers and zinc increases yield, nodulation and unsaturated fatty acids of soybean. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture. 103 (3): 251-258.
Hitsuda K., Sfredo G. J. & Klepke D. 2004. Diagnosis of sulphur deficiency in soybean using seeds. Soil science Society of America Journal, 68: 1445-1451.
Malik M. A., Cheema M. A. & Khan H. Z. 2006. Growth and yield response of Soybean (Glycine max L.) to seed inoculation and varying phosphorus levels. Journal of Agriculture Research. 44 (1): 47-53.
Sipai AH., Jat JR. & Rathore BS. 2016. Effect of Phosphorus, Sulphur and Bio-fertilizer on Growth, Yield and Nodulation in Mungbean on Loamy San Soils of Kutch. Crop Res. 51: 1.
Fismes J., Vong P. C., Guckert A. & Frossard E. 2002. Influence of sulfur on apparent N- use efficiency, yield and quality of oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.) Grown on a calcareous soil. Eur. J. Agron. 12: 127-141.
Zerihun Getachew, Girma Abera & Sheleme Beyene. 2017. Rhizobium inoculation and sulphur fertilizer improved yield, nutrients uptake and protein quality of soybean (Glysine max L.) varieties on Nitisols of Assosa area, Western Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science. 11 (5): 123-132.
Bationo A. & Buerkert A. 2001. Soil organic carbon management for sustainable land use in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa. Nutrient Cycling in Agro ecosystems 61: 131–142.
Sandeep K. & Singh T. B. 2008. Effect of varying levels of sulphur with and without Rhizobium on yield quality and uptake of nutrient by blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). Asian J. Soil Sci., 3 (2): 225-226.