Assessment of the Prevailing Chicken Egg Storage Materials and Length at Rural Household in Different Agro Ecology of Eastern Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages: 54-63
Received: Apr. 26, 2019; Accepted: Jun. 5, 2019; Published: Jun. 26, 2019
Views 73      Downloads 21
Authors
Sisay Lemma, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Temesgen Terefe, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Bezahegn Abebe, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Assessment of the prevailing chicken egg storage materials and length at the rural household in different Agro ecological zone of Eastern Ethiopia were conducted to assess the existing local egg storage facilities and length under the rural farmers. From two zone representing Eastern Ethiopia and the lowland, midland and highland altitude, proportionally 10 districts of 30 rural kebeles were selected using probability proportional to sample size. From each selected rural kebeles, ten farmers were purposely selected. A total of 300 chicken owner were interviewed by structured questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software. The majority of the respondents (98%) in Eastern Ethiopia stored eggs for both marketing and incubation in lowland (86.4%), midland (69.3%) and highland (91.2%) using plastic (28.8%), basket (28.4% and (34.1%) followed by basket (25.4%), pot made of clay/ cow dung (23.9% and 23.8%) along with coffee hulls and dried grass as bedding materials respectively. Mostly, eggs produced at home was used for incubation in lowland (75.9%), midland (76.9%) and highland (73.9%); not experienced for home consumption except for household of better economic status and at the festivity in a year, and to some extent purchased eggs from known neighbor where their qualities were evaluated by shaking and sun candling in lowland (53.8%) and midland (46.7%) and sun candling in highland (51.4%). Hatching eggs were stored more than a week in mid (43.1%) and highland (44%) and about a week in lowlands (48.2%) until the required number of egg was produced for incubation by broody hen. Most of the respondents (78%) were select incubating eggs based on size in lowland (44.9%) and color and size in mid (45.7%) and highland (54.4) preferably large size and white eggs. The common hatching materials used in the area was pot in lowland (61.1%), mid (40%) and highland (53%). Due to suitable weather condition, better hatchability, less disease and parasite infestation and better feed resource availability, most of the respondent (70%) performed incubation during the dry season. Generally, rural poultry producer used different egg storage and hatching materials for different duration, they may influence the quality of eggs for uses that require further investigation to evaluate and recommend the best methods of storage material and duration across different agro ecology and provision of successful training for rural poultry producer; women, on modern egg storage and incubation for improvement of poultry production.
Keywords
Agro-Ecology, Egg Storage Material and Length, Eastern Ethiopia
To cite this article
Sisay Lemma, Temesgen Terefe, Bezahegn Abebe, Assessment of the Prevailing Chicken Egg Storage Materials and Length at Rural Household in Different Agro Ecology of Eastern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2019, pp. 54-63. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20190802.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Gueye, E. F., 2005. Gender aspects in family poultry management systems in developing countries. In: XXII World’s Poultry Congress, 8 – 13 Jan 2004, Istanbul (Turkey). World’s Poultry Science Journal, 61 (1): 39–46.
[2]
Kitalyi, A. J., 1998. Village chicken production systems in developing countries: what does the future hold? world animal review, vol. 89, no. 2, 48–53.
[3]
Jens C.. R, Anders P, Charlotte V, Ainsh MC, Lone F, 2004. Keeping Village Poultry. A technical manual for small-scale poultry production. Copenhagen, Denmark.
[4]
CSA (central Statstical Agency), 2017. Agricultural Sample Survey Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics Private Peasant Holdings, Volume II Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[5]
Scott T. A. and Silversides F. G., 2001. Effect of storage and layer age on quality of eggs from two lines of hens. Poult. Sci. 80, 1245-1248.
[6]
Probst Y, and Tapsell L., 2005. What to ask in a self-administered dietary assessment website: the role of professional judgment. In: 6th International Food Data Conference, Pretoria. 10.
[7]
Bell DD, and Weaver WD., 2002. Commercial chicken meat and egg production, 5th Ed. Springer Science Business Media, Inc. USA. 2002.
[8]
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2003. Egg marketing: A guide for the production and sale of eggs. Food and Agriculture Organization. Agricultural Services Bulletin 150 Rome. 11, 12.
[9]
Alemu. T. A., 2013. Rural poultry production and health management practices in central zone of Tigray, Ethiopia, Scientific Journal of Animal Science: 2 (12) 340-354.
[10]
Fisseha M., Azage T. and Tadelle D., 2010. Indigenous chicken production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: Characteristics and opportunities for market-oriented development. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 24. Nairobi, Kenya, ILRI.
[11]
CSA (Central Statistical Agency), 2013. Population Projection of Ethiopia for All Regions At Wereda Level, Federal Demographic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[12]
WHZOARD, 2012. West Harerghe Zone of Agriculture and Rural Development Annual Report, Chiro Ethiopia.
[13]
EHZOARD, 2012. East Harerghe zone of Agriculture and Rural Development Annual Report, Harer, Ethiopia.
[14]
SPSS, 2007. Statistical Package for Social Sciences for windows. User’s guide: Statistics version 20. Inc. Cary, NC. Chicago, Illinois, USA.
[15]
Merga N., 2013. Chicken Production Practices And Production Performance Of Exotic Chicken Breeds Under Household Condition In Kombolcha Wereda, East Hararghe MSc Thesis Haramaya, Ethiopia pp 21.
[16]
Meseret M., 2010. Characterization of Village Poultry Production and Marketing System in Gomma Wereda, Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis submitted to the school of graduate of Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
[17]
Mamo M., 2006. Survey On Village Chicken Production Under Traditional Management Systems in Jamma district, South Wollo, Ethiopia. M. Sc Thesis, Alemaya University, Ethiopia.
[18]
Tagesse S., 2016. Village Chicken Production Practices, Marketing and Egg Quality Traits in Different Agro-Ecologies of Kersa District; East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia A Thesis Submitted to School of Animal and Range Sciences, Post Graduate programs Directorate, Haramaya University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Agriculture (Animal Production), Haramaya University, Haramaya.
[19]
Kondombo et al. (2003), Kondombo, S. R., A. J. Niango, R. P. Kwakkel, H. M. Y. Udo and M. Slingerland, 2003. Comparative analysis of village chicken production in two farming systems in Burkina Faso. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 35 (6): 563–574.
[20]
Javed, K., M. Farooq, M. A. Mian, F. R. Durrani and S. Mussawar, 2003. Flock size and egg production performance of backyard chicken reared by rural women in Peshawar, Pakistan. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 15 (11).
[21]
Maphosa, T., J. Kusina, N. T. Kusina, S. Makuza and S. Sibanda, 2004. A monitoring study comparing production of village chickens between communal (Nharira) and small – scale commercial (Lancashire) farming areas in Zimbabwe. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 16 (7).
[22]
Farooq, M., M. K. Shakir, M. A. Mian, S. Mussawar, F. R. Durrani and A. Cheema, 2004. Status of backyard chicken reared by women in Chitral, Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 24 (2): 82–86.
[23]
Mapiye, C., and S., Sibanda, 2005. Constraints and opportunities of village chicken production systems in the smallholder sector of Rushinga district of Zimbabwe. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 17 (10).
[24]
Mengesha M, Tamir B, Dessie T. 2008. Village chicken characteristics and their seasonal production situation in Jamma District, South Wollo. Livest. Res. Rural Dev; 20: 128.
[25]
Fisseha, M., 2009. Studies on production and marketing systems of local chicken ecotypes in Bure woreda, north-west Amhara.
[26]
Feleke A., 2015. Assessment of common practices of egg incubation and chick brooding of backyard poultry production system in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia, Department of Animal and Range Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, P. O. Box 128, Wolaita, Ethiopia. ISSN: 2449-1772 Vol. 3 (3), pp. 162-168.
[27]
Adem A, and Teshome G., 2016. Indigenous chicken production system and their productive performance in Yeki Woreda, Southwestern Ethiopia. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America ISSN 2151-7517, doi: 10.5251/abjna.2016. 7.5.266.274.
[28]
Kibret B., 2008. In Situ Characterization of Local Chicken Eco-Type for Functional Traits and Production System in Fogera District, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia.
[29]
Tadelle D. 2003. Phenotypic and genetic characterization of chicken ecotypes in Ethiopia. PhD thesis. Humboldt University, Germany. 208 pp.
[30]
Tesfu T., 2007. Chicken production systems and monitoring around the villages of dire Dawa Town. MSc thesis presented to Haramaya University, Haramaya Ethiopia.
[31]
Riise, J. C., A. Permin and K. N. Kryger, 2004. Strategies for developing family poultry production at village level. Experiences from West Africa & Asia. Network for Smallholder Poultry Development, Dyrlaegevej 2: 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark.
[32]
Mohammed Y., Dereje D., and Alemu Y., 2018. Effect of Non-Conventional Storage Methods on External and Internal Egg Qualities, ²East African Journal of Sciences Volume 12 (2) 137-144.
[33]
Tadelle, D., Million T., Alemu, Y. & Peters, K. J., 2003. Village chicken production systems in Ethiopia: 1. Flock characteristics and performance. Journal of Livestock Research Rural Development, 15. Udo HMJ, Asgedom AH, Viets TC (2006). Modelling the impact of interventions in village poultry systems. Agric. Syst. 88: 255-269.
[34]
Solomon, Z., Binyam, K., Bilatu, A. & Ferede, A., 2013. Village Chicken Production Systems in Metekel Zone, Northwest Ethiopia. Wudpecker Journal of Agricultural Research, 2 (9): 256-262.
[35]
Mohammed. Y., Dereje D. and Alemu Y., 2014. None conventional storage and handling methods of egg practiced in East Wollega, Ethiopia International Journal of Agriculture and Food Security Vol. 2 (1), pp. 018-020.
[36]
Shishay M., Berhanu B. and Tadelle D., 2014. Incubation and Brooding Practices of Local Chicken Producers in Ethiopia: The Case of Western Zone of Tigray. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. Vol. 4, No. 25, 2014.
[37]
Addisu H., Hailu M. and Zewdu W., 2013. Indigenous chicken production system and breeding practice in North Wollo, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Poult. Fish Wildl. Sci. 1: 108.
[38]
Mamo M., Birhan T. and Tadelle D., 2011. Village Chicken Constraints and Traditional Management Practices in Jamma District, South Wollo, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 23, Article 37.
[39]
Sonaiya, E. B. and Swan, S. E. J., 2004: Small-scale poultry production: Animal Production and Health Manual. technical guide. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, 57p.
[40]
Ermias T., 2015. Characterization of Husbandry Practices, Adoption And Impact Of Village Poultry Technology Packages In The Central Oromia Region, Ethiopia, PhD Dissertation, Addis Ababa University College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture Department of Animal Production Studies. PhD Program in Animal Production Bishoftu, Ethiopia.
[41]
Matiwos H., Selamawit D., Birhanu A. and Asmamaw Y., 2015. Village chicken production performances assessment under scavenging management system in Amaro district, SNNPRS of Ethiopia, Deparment of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dilla University, Ethiopia. Wudpecker Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 4 (3), pp. 021 - 034, ISSN 2315-7259.
[42]
Abera M., Zemene W. and Yosef T., 2013. Assessment of the Prevailing Handling and Quality of Eggs from the Scavenging Indigenous Chickens Reared in Different Agro-Ecological Zones of Ethiopia. Research Journal of Poultry Sciences, 5 (4-6): 64-70.
[43]
Dessie T. and Ogle B., 2001. Village poultry production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod 33 (6): 521-537.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186