Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages: 31-35
Received: Dec. 27, 2018;
Accepted: Jan. 25, 2019;
Published: May 7, 2019
Views 135 Downloads 51
Daniel Manore, Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture, Wachemo University, Hossana, Ethiopia
Ashenaf Yohanns, Department of Natural Resource Management, College of Agriculture, Wachemo University, Hossana, Ethiopia
Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz is an ancient oilseed crop. Camelina seed can be used as a food ingredient and raw material for the production of oil. The by-product of camelina oil used as fodder ingredient. But there is no information in Ethiopia about camelina production, so that an experiment was conducted at at Lambuda Hossana area, Southern Ethiopia to investigate the effect of different levels of nitrogen fertilizer on the yield and yield attribute along with different seeding rate of camelina in 2016 cropping year. The treatments were 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg ha-1 and Camelina seeding rate 5, 7.5, 10 and 12.5 kg ha-1. The experiment was laid out in RCBD design with three replications. The result revealed that application of nitrogen has significantly increased the seed yield camelina compared with the control. There was a steady increase in the seed yield of camelina for nitrogen levels from 100 kg ha-1 up to 150 kg ha-1 in the studyarea. Combined analysis of the two treatment factors data showed that still the highest yield was obtained at nitrogen level applied at of 150 kg ha-1 with seeding 10 ha-1. Seeding rate also varied significantly in their performance with respect to yield components and yield ha-1. Accordingly, 10 kg ha-1 performed best relative to the other three seeding rate. It is concluded that there is a significant and positive response of camelina to applied nitrogen and the highest biological and grain yield was obtained at nitrogen level of 150 kg ha-1 with seeding rate of 10kg ha-1. Thus it is recommended that nitrogen fertilizer should be applied in the area to mitigate nitrogen deficiency for enhanced camelina yield.
Evaluating Growth, Seed Yield and Yield Attributes of Camelina (Camelina sativa L) in Response to Seeding Rate and Nitrogen Fertilizer Levels Under Irrigation Condition, Southern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2019, pp. 31-35.
Urbaniak, S. D., Caldwell, C. D., Zheljazkov, V. D., Lada, R. And Luan, L. 2008. The effect of cultivar and applied nitrogen on the performance of camelina sativa L. in the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Can. J. Pl. Sci. 88: 111-119.
C. and Phelps, S. 2009. Update on camelina agronomy research trials. Presentation at the Camelina Workshop, AAFC Research Station, Saskatoon, SK.
Gugel, R. K. and Falk, K. C. 2006. Agronomic and seed quality evaluation of camelina sativa in western Canada. Can. J. Pl. Sci. 86: 1047-1058.
Subbaiah, B. V. and Asija, G. L., A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Curr. Sci., 1956, 25: 259.
Jackson, M. L., Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi., 1967.
Jackson. M. L. 1958. Soil Chemical Analyses. Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersy. pp 183-204.
Gomez. K. A and Gomez A. A. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. 2nd editions.
Shirazi, M. A., Boersma, L. Johnson, C. B., 2001. Particle-Size Distributions: Comparing TextureSystems, Adding Rock, and predicting Soil Properties. Soil Sc. Am. J. 65, 300-310.
Hillel. (1980) Soil compaction is defined as a change in soil volume leading to increased soil bulk density and Soil compaction reduces air Pl. Sci.: 110-115.
Brady N. C. and R. R. Weil.2002. The Nature and Properties of Soils (13th ed). PearsonEducation Ltd., USA. 960p.
Ethiosis (Ethiopia Soil Information System). Soil fertility status and fertilizer recommendation atlas for Tigray regional state, Ethiopia. Ethiopia; 2014.
Mamo T, Hanque I, Kamara GS. Phosphorus status of some Ethiopian high land soils in proceeding of management of vertisolias in sub Saharan Africa. International live sock center for Africa, Adis Ababa, Ethiopia; 1998.
Havlin, J. L., J. D. Beaton, S. L. Tisdale, W. L. Nelson (1999). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers Prentice Hall, New. pp. 345-355.
Wakene Negassa and Heluf Gebrekidan. 2003. Forms of Phosphorus and status of available micronutrients under different land-use systems of alfisols in Bako area of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources 5: 77-37.
Tisdale, S. L., W. L. Nelson, J. D. Beaton and J. L. Havlin, 1995. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, India.
Olsen, S. R., Cole, V., Walanbe, C. V. and Dean L. A. (1954). Estimation of Available phosphorus in soils by extraction with Sodium Bicarbonate. USA Circular NO 939.
Zubr, J. and B. Matthäus. 2002. Effects of growth conditions on fatty acids and tocopherols in Camelina sativa oil. Ind. Crops Prod. 15: 155-162.
Gesch, R. W., H. L. Dose and F. Forcella. 2017. Camelina growth and yield response to sowing depth and rate in the northern Corn Belt USA. Ind. Crop Prod. 95: 416-421.
Koncius, D. and D. Karcauskiene. 2010. The effect of nitrogen fertilizers, sowing time and seed rate on the productivity of Camelina sativa. Zemdirbyste. 97 (4): 37-46.
Jiang, Y. and C. D. Caldwell. 2016. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on Camelina seed yield, yield components, and downy mildew infection. Can. J. Plant Sci. 96: 17-26.
Afshar, R. K., Y. A. Mohammed and C. Chen. 2016. Enhanced efficiency nitrogen fertilizer effect on camelina production under conventional and conservation tillage practices. Ind. Crop Prod. 94: 783-789.
Zubr, J. 2003b. Qualitative variation of Camelina sativa seed from different locations. Ind. Crops Prod. 17: 161-169.
Wang, S., M. Kreuzer, U. Braun and A. Scharm. 2017. Effect of unconventional oilseeds (safflower, poppy, hemp, Camelina) on in vitro ruminal methane production and fermentation. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 97: 3864-3870.
Toncea, I. 2014. The seed yield potential of Camelia - first Romanian cultivar of Camelina (Camelina sativa L. Crantz). Rom. Agric. Res. 31: 17-23.