Assessment of Mango Pests, Diseases and Orchard Management Practices in West Nile Zone of Uganda
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2016, Pages: 57-63
Received: May 19, 2016;
Accepted: May 28, 2016;
Published: Jun. 7, 2016
Views 5942 Downloads 297
Dan Acema, Agroforestry Unit of Abi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Arua, Uganda
Baron Asiku, Agroforestry Unit of Abi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Arua, Uganda
Emmanuel Odama, Soil Fertility Enhancement Unit of Abi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Arua, Uganda
Dickson Egama, Soil Fertility Enhancement Unit of Abi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Arua, Uganda
Exotic mango varieties can improve the livelihood security and increase profitability of mango growers in Uganda. There are however, several factors like pests, diseases and orchard management practices which limit mango production and productivity. The study sought to investigate farmers’ knowledge and perceptions of mango pests and diseases and orchard management practices in West Nile zone (WNZ) of Uganda. Farmers growing exotic mango varieties were selected from six districts namely, Arua, Maracha, Koboko, Yumbe, Moyo and Nebbi in WNZ. Both purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to identify 90 respondents who were interviewed with a semi structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed both descriptively and inferentially. Chi square tests were used to analyze farmers’ perception on pests and diseases. Multinomial logit was used to analyze factors influencing choice of orchard management practices. The results showed a significant variation in perception of farmers on incidence, severity and yield loss due to various pests (fruit flies, seed borer, termites, scales and mealy bugs) and, diseases (anthracnose, bacterial black spot, powdery mildew, algal leaf spot and sooty mould). Farmers’ choice to take a particular management practice like pruning, spraying, manuring and mulching were influenced by age of mangoes, extension service, education level and sex. It was concluded that many pests and diseases of exotic mangoes existed in WNZ and sound scientific orchard management practices were still lacking among the mango farmers. The study recommended awareness creation on various mango pests and diseases, and capacity enhancement of farmers and extension staff on scientific orchard management practices.
Assessment of Mango Pests, Diseases and Orchard Management Practices in West Nile Zone of Uganda, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2016, pp. 57-63.
Banerjee G. D. 2011. Economics of Mango Cultivation. Published by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of Economic Analysis and Research, 4th Floor, ‘C’ Wing, Plot No. C-24, G-Block, PB No. 8121, Bandra-Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai-400051.
UIA 2009. Investment Potentials in Mango Farming Sector in Uganda. 13pp.
Okoth E. M, Sila D. N, Onyango C. A, Owino. W. O, Musembi S. M and Mathooko F. M. 2013. Evaluation of physical and sensory quality attributes of three mango varieties at three stages of ripeness, grown in lower eastern province of Kenya - part 1. Journal of Animal &Plant Sciences, 2013. Vol. 17, Issue 3: 2608-2618.
FIT Uganda ltd. 2007. Final report of a study on fruits (Pineapples, Passion fruit and mangoes) sub sector in Uganda. 124pp.
Fita T, 2014. White Mango Scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis, Distribution and Severity Status in East and West Wollega Zones, Western Ethiopia. Sci. Technol. Arts Res. J., 3 (3): 01-10.
Verghese, A. 2000. Recent studies on the management of mango stone weevil Sternochetus mangiferae Fab. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in South India, Acta Horticulturae, 509: 819-822.
Barbara W. E and Bradley F. M. 2012 Pest, Disease and Weed Management Plan. Agriculture and Land-Based Training Association; Farmer Education Program (PEPA) Resource Guide.
Nankinga C. M., Isabirye B. E., Muyinza H., Rwomushana I., Stevenson P. C., Mayamba A., Aool W. and Akol A. M 2014. Fruit fly infestation in mango: A threat to the Horticultural sector in Uganda. Uganda Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 15 (1): 1–14.
Gagnevin L and Pruvost O. 2001 Epidemiology and Control of Mango Bacterial Black Spot Plant Disease / Vol. 85 No. 9.
Nofal M. and Hagga W. M 2006. Integrated management of Powdery Mildew of Mango in Egypt. Crop protection 25 (5) 480-486.
Nelson S. C. 2008. Mango anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences.
Bebber D. P, Holmes T and Gurr S. J. 2014. The global spread of crop pests and pathogens. Global Ecology and Biogeography, (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) 23, 1398–1407.
Van Mele P, Cuc N. Thi Thu and Van Huis A. 2001. Farmers’ Knowledge, Perceptions and Practices in Mango Pest Management in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. International Journal of Pest Management, 2001, 47 (1) 7–16.
Greene, W. H. 2003. Econometric analysis. Fifth edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Prentice Hall. 1026pp.
Greene, W. H. 2000. Econometric Analysis, 4th edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Price, T. V., ed., 2006. Pest and disease incursions: risks, threats and management in Papua New Guinea. Papers presented at the 2nd Papua New Guinea Plant Protection Conference, Kokopo, East New Britain Province, 8–10 November 2004. Canberra, ACIAR Technical Reports No. 62, 199p.
Drew, R. A. I., Tsuruta K. and White I. M. 2005. A new species of pest fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) from Sri Lanka and Africa. Afr. Entomol. 13: 149-154.
Nyeko P and Olubayo F. M. 2005. Participatory Assessment of Farmers’ Experiences of Termite Problems in Agroforestry in Tororo District, Uganda. Agricultural Research & Extension Network paper No. 143.
Pearce, M. J., Logan, J. W. M. and Tiben, A. 1995. Termites (Isoptera) from the Darfur region of the Sudan with comments on their pest status Journal of Arid Environment, Vol. 30, pp. 197–206.
Logan, JW. M., Cowie, R. H. and Wood, T. G. 1990. ‘Termites (Isoptera) control in agriculture and forestry by non-chemical methods: A review’, Bulletin of Entomological Research, Vol. 80, No. 3, pp. 309–30.
Pitkethley R. 2006. Bacterial Black Spot of Mangoes. Department of Primary Industry, Fisheries and Mines Northern Territory Government. ISSN 0157-8243.
Pearson A. J 2003 Trends in weed management in New Zealand orchards New Zealand plant protection 56: 211-214.
Anang B. T and Amikuzuno J. 2015. Factors Influencing Pesticide Use in Smallholder Rice Production in Northern Ghana Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries; 4 (2): 77-82 doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20150402.19.
Adeola, R. G. 2012. Perceptions of Environmental Effects of Pesticides Use in Vegetable Production by Farmers in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture & Biology Volume 12 Issue 4 Version 1 Global Journals Inc. (USA).
Yasin G, Aslam M, Parvez I. and Naz S. 2003. Socioeconomic Correlates of Pesticide Usage: The Case of Citrus Farmers. Journal of Research (Science), Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan 14 (1): 43-48.
Waithaka M. M, Thornton P. K, Shepherd K. D and Ndiwa N. N. 2007. Factors affecting the use of fertilizers and manure by smallholders: the case of Vihiga, western Kenya. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst; 78: 211–224. doi: 10.1007/s10705-006-9087-x.
Akinola A. and Owombo P. 2012. Economic Analysis of Adoption of Mulching Technology in Yam Production in Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry; 2 (1): 1-6. doi: 10.5923/j.ijaf.20120201.01.