Evaluation of Plant Growth, Yield and Yield Attributes of Biofield Energy Treated Mustard (Brassica juncea) and Chick Pea (Cicer arietinum) Seeds
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 291-295
Received: Oct. 30, 2015;
Accepted: Nov. 26, 2015;
Published: Dec. 22, 2015
Views 4476 Downloads 90
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, USA
Sambhu Charan Mondal, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Follow on us
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on mustard (Brassica juncea) and chick pea (Cicer arietinum) for their growth, yield, and yield attributes. Both the samples were divided into two groups. One group was remained as untreated and coded as control, while the other group (both seed and plot) was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment and referred as the treated. The result showed the plant height of mustard and chick pea was increased by 13.2 and 97.41%, respectively in the treated samples as compared to the control. Additionally, primary branching of mustard and chick pea was improved by 7.4 and 19.84%, respectively in the treated sample as compared to the control. The control mustard and chick pea crops showed high rate of infection by pests and diseases, while treated crops were free from any infection of pests and disease. The yield attributing characters of mustard showed, lucidly higher numbers of siliquae on main shoot, siliquae/plant and siliquae length were observed in the treated seeds and plot as compared with the control. Moreover, similar results were observed in the yield attributing parameters of chick pea viz. pods/plant, grains/pod as well as test weight of 1000 grains. The seed and stover yield of mustard in treated plots were increased by 61.5% and 25.4%, respectively with respect to the control. However, grain/seed yield of mustard crop after biofield energy treatment was increased by 500% in terms of kg per meter square as compared to the control. Besides, grain/seed yield of chick pea crop after biofield energy treatment was increased by 500% in terms of kg per meter square. The harvest index of biofield treated mustard was increased by 21.83%, while it was slight increased in case of chick pea. In conclusion, the biofield energy treatment could be used on both the seeds and plots of mustard and chick pea as an alternative way to increase the production and yield.
Mustard, Chick Pea, Biofield Energy Treatment, Growth, Yield, Yield Attribute
To cite this article
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi,
Sambhu Charan Mondal,
Evaluation of Plant Growth, Yield and Yield Attributes of Biofield Energy Treated Mustard (Brassica juncea) and Chick Pea (Cicer arietinum) Seeds, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2015, pp. 291-295.
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Dubie J, Stancik A, Morra M, Nindo C (2013) Antioxidant extraction from mustard (Brassica juncea) seed meal using high-intensity ultrasound. J Food Sci 78: E542-E548.
Tsuruo I, Yoshida M, Hata T (1967) Studies on the myrosinase in mustard seed part I. The chromatographic behaviors of the myrosinase and some of its characteristics. Agr Biol Chem 31: 18-26.
Bones AM, Rossiter JT (1996) The myrosinase-glucosinolate system, its organization and biochemistry. Physiol Plant 97: 194-208.
Bassan P, Sharma S, Arora S, Vig AP (2013) Antioxidant and in vitro anti-cancer activities of Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. seeds and sprouts Int J Pharma Sci 3: 343-349.
Amarowicz R, Wanasundara UN, Karamac M, Shahidi F (1996) Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of mustard seed. Nahrung 40: 261-263.
Chemining wa GN, Vessey JK (2006) The abundance and efficacy of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae in cultivated soils of the eastern Canadian prairie. Soil Biol Biochem 38: 294-302.
Palta JA, Nandwal AS, Kumari S, Turner NC (2005) Foliar nitrogen applications increase the seed yield and protein content in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) subject to terminal drought. Australian J Agric Res 56: 105-112.
Barnes PM, Powell-Griner E, McFann K, Nahin RL (2004) Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002. Adv Data 343: 1-19.
Shinde V, Sances F, Patil S, Spence A (2012) Impact of biofield treatment on growth and yield of lettuce and tomato. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 6: 100-105.
Sances F, Flora E, Patil S, Spence A, Shinde V (2013) Impact of biofield treatment on ginseng and organic blueberry yield. Agrivita J Agric Sci 35.
Lenssen AW (2013) Biofield and fungicide seed treatment influences on soybean productivity, seed quality and weed community. Agricultural Journal 8: 138-143.
Nayak G, Altekar N (2015) Effect of biofield treatment on plant growth and adaptation. J Environ Health Sci 1: 1-9.
Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2015) Characterization of physical, spectral and thermal properties of biofield treated 1,2,4-Triazole. J Mol Pharm Org Process Res 3: 128.
Patil SA, Nayak GB, Barve SS, Tembe RP, Khan RR (2012) Impact of biofield treatment on growth and anatomical characteristics of Pogostemon cablin (Benth.). Biotechnology 11: 154-162.
Turk MA, Tawaha AM (2002) Inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts of barley on germination and growth of lentil. Pak J Agron 1: 28-30.
Shekhawat K, Rathore SS, Premi OP, Kandpal BK, Chauhan JS (2012) Advances in agronomic management of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. Cosson): An overview. Int J Agron 2012: 14. Article ID 408284.
Asha Dhingra HR (2007) Salinity mediated changes in yield and nutritive value of chickpea seeds. Indian J Pl Physiol 12: 271-275.
Devendra R, Urs YSV, Kumar MU, Sastry KSK (1983) Leaf area duration and its relationship to productivity in early cultivars of rice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 49: 692-696.
Craufurd PQ, Wheeler TR (2009) Climate change and the flowering time of annual crops. J Exp Bot 60: 2529-2539.