A Comparative Study on the Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Agronomic Performance of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) and Pea (Pisum sativum L.)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 263-268
Received: Sep. 29, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 16, 2015; Published: Nov. 10, 2015
Views 10346      Downloads 293
Bhaskarrao Chinthapalli, Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, P.O. Box No. 21, Ethiopia
Dagne Tafa Dibar, Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, P.O. Box No. 21, Ethiopia
D. S. Vijaya Chitra, Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, P.O. Box No. 21, Ethiopia
Melaku Bedaso Leta, Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, P.O. Box No. 21, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study was conducted to observe the comparative effect of organic fertilizer (cow dung) and inorganic fertilizers like urea and potassium chloride on the growth, biomass and biochemical parameters of two legumes of pea (Pisum sativum) and faba bean (Vicia faba). Experiments were done using two plant species of legume family. Organic fertilizer like cow dung (15t/ha) and inorganic fertilizer was applied at rate of urea (120kg/ha) and potassium chloride (125kg/ha). The application of cow dung at 15t/ha showed significant growth over the inorganic fertilizer urea and potassium chloride in terms of germination percentage, fresh weight and dry weight, plant height, shoot length, and root length as well as number of leaves in both the legume plants. Similarly, biochemical parameters have also shown significant differences from organic fertilizer over the inorganic fertilizers and control. Thus our study provides the evidence for using organic fertilizer like cow dung by farmers to have better yield to produce quality grains as cow dung is easy available, environmentally safe and cost effective in pea and faba bean plants.
Growth, Cow Dung, Urea, Potassium Chloride, Biomass, Pea (Pisum sativum), Faba Bean (Vicia faba)
To cite this article
Bhaskarrao Chinthapalli, Dagne Tafa Dibar, D. S. Vijaya Chitra, Melaku Bedaso Leta, A Comparative Study on the Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Agronomic Performance of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) and Pea (Pisum sativum L.), Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 263-268. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20150406.15
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
A.T. Ayoub. “Fertilizers and the Environment”. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 1999. Vol. 55: pp. 117-121.
A. Mahajan, R.D. Gupta, and R. Sharma. “Bio-fertilizers-A way to sustainable agriculture”. Agrobios Newsletter. 2008. Vol. 6: pp. 36-37.
N. K. Fageria, V.C. Baligar, and Y. C. Li, “The role of nutrient efficient plants in improving crop yields in the twenty first century”. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2008. Vol. 31: pp. 1121-1157.
E. A. E. Elsheikh. Environmental Soil Ecology, Khartoum University Press. 2011.
T. Abera and D. Feyisa. Faba bean and field pea seed proportion for intercropping system in horro highlands of western Ethiopia. African Crop Science Journal. 2009. Vol. 16: pp. 243–249.
W. G.O. Solomon, R.W. Ndana, and Y. Abdulrahim. The Comparative study of the effect of organic manure cow dung and inorganic fertilizer N.P.K on the growth rate of maize (Zea Mays L.). International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science. 2012. Vol. 2: pp. 516-519.
M. Berova G. Karanatsidis, K. Sapundzhieva, and V. Nikolova. Effect of organic fertilization on growth and yield of pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.). Folia Horticulturae Ann. 2010. Vol 22: pp. 3-7.
J. Tanimu, E. O. Uyovbisere, S. W. J. Lyocks, and Y. Tanimu. Effects of Cow Dung on the Growth and Development of Maize Crop. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2013. Vol. 3: pp. 371-383.
C. Tu, J. B. Ristaino, S. Hu. Soil microbial bio-mass and activity in organic tomato farming systems: Effects of organic inputs and straw mulching. Soil Biology Biochemistry. 2006. Vol 38: pp. 247-255.
J. Mani. Early events in environmental stresses in plants: Induction mechanisms of oxidative stress. In: D. Inzè and M.V. Montague (eds.) Oxidative stress in plants. 2002. Taylor and Francis, New York. p. 217-246.
B. S. Ewulo, S. O. Ojeniyi, and D. A. Akanni. Effect of poultry manure on selected soil physical and chemical properties, growth, yield and nutrient status of tomato. African J. Agriculture Research. (2008). Vol 3(9): pp. 612-616.
Agnote. Fertilizer applications, Carol Rose, Extension Agronomist. NSW Department of Primary Industries, Kempsey DPI 496, Edited by Michel Dignand, Information Delivery Program, Wagga, USA. 2004.
I. A. S. Gudugi. Effect of cow dung and variety on the growth and yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) European Journal of Experimental Biology. 2013. Vol 3(2): pp. 495-498.
D. I. Arnon. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology. 1949. Vol 24: pp. 1-15.
U. K. Bansal, R. G. Saini, and A. Kaur. Genetic variability in leaf area and chlorophyll content of aromatic rice. International Rice Research Notes. 1999. Vol 24: pp. 21-28.
O. H. Lowry, N. J. Rosenbrough, A. L. Farr, and R. J. Randall. Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1951. Vol 193: pp. 265-275.
S. Moore, and W. H. Stein. Photometric ninhydrin method for use in the chromatography of amino acids. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1948. Vol 76: pp. 367-388.
A. J. Willis, and E. W. Yemm. The micro-estimation of sugars in plant tissues. New Phytologist. 1955 Vol. 54: pp. 20-22.
P. Kumudha, and M. Gomathinayagam. Studies on the effect of biofertilizers on germination of Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth. seeds. Advanced Plant Science. 2007. Vol 20: pp. 417-421.
M. Ram, R. Dawari, and N. Sharma. Direct, residual and cumulative effects of organic manures andbiofertilizers on yields, NPK uptake, grain yield and economics of wheat (Triticum aestivum L) under organic forming of rice-wheat cropping system. Journal of Organic Systems. 2014. Vol 9: pp. 16-30.
R. Copper. Bacterial fertilizers in the Soviet Unions. Soil Fertility. 1979. Vol 22: pp. 327-333.
M. Ram, R. Dawari, and N. Sharma. Effect of organic manures on basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.) under organic forming of rice–wheat cropping system. International Journal of Agricultural and crop sciences. 2011. Vol 3: pp. 76-84.
C. R. Frink, P. E. Waggoner, and J.H. Ausubel. Nitrogen fertilizer: Retrospect and prospect. Proceedings of National Academy of Science. USA. 1999. Vol 96(4): pp. 1175-80.
H. M. Zakir, M. N. Sultana, and K. C. Saha. Influence of Commercially Available Organic vs Inorganic Fertilizers on Growth Yield and Quality of Carrot. J. Environ. Science and Natural Resources. 2012. Vol 5(1): pp. 39 – 45.
K.A. Okeleye, and C.O. Alofe. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer source on dry matter accumulation and grain yields of open pollinatinated maize (Zea mays L.). Samaru Journal Agriculture Research. 1995. Vol 12: pp. 87-98.
R. N. Sunanda, and K. Mallareddy. Effect of different organic manures and inorganic fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of carrot (Daucus carota L.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2007. Vol 20(3): pp. 686-688.
B. Vijayakumari, R. Hiranmaiyadav, and M. Sowmya. A study on the effect of few eco-friendly manures on the growth attributes of carrot (Daucus carota L.). Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. 2009. Vol 51(1): pp. 13-16.
K. J. Rao, Ch. S. R. Lakshmi, and A.S. Raju. Evaluation of manurial value of urban and agricultural waste composts. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science. 2008.254(3): pp. 295-299.
I. Ahuja, and C.P. Mallik. Effect of Brassino steroida and Paleobutrazole on chlorophyll content in development of Brassic tuornefortii. Journal of Plant Science Research. 1977. Vol 13: pp. 31-34.
A. R. Chopade, N. S. Naikwade, A. V. Nalawade, V. B. Shinde, and K.B. Burade. Effects of pesticides on chlorophyll content in leaves of medicinal plants. Pollination Research. 2007. Vol 26(3): pp. 491-494.
S. Rajasekaran, P. Sundaramoorthy, and S. K. Ganesh. Effect of FYM, N, P fertilizers and biofertilizers on germination and growth of paddy (Oryza sativa. L). International Letters of Natural Sciences. 2015. Vol. 35: pp. 59-65.
O.P. Singh, T. P. Singh, and A. L. Yadav. Variability and co-heritability and estimates for agronomical and quality traits in Opium poppy (P. somniferum L.). Sci. Cult. 1999. Vol 64(3-4): pp. 107-109.
C.K. Kokate, S.B. Golbale, and Purohit. Textbook of pharmacognosy. Nirali Prakashan. Pune. 1998. pp. 17-18.
M. H. Ibrahim, H. Z. E. Jaafar, E. Karimi, and A. Ghasemzadeh. Impact of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers Application on the Phytochemical and Antioxidant Activity of Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumila Benth). Molecules. 2013. Vol 18: pp. 10973-10988.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186