Variations in Climate Change Indicators and Implications on Forest Resources Management in Taraba State, Nigeria
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 252-256
Received: Jul. 29, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 14, 2015; Published: Oct. 30, 2015
Views 3284      Downloads 82
Authors
Agbidye Francis Sarwuan, Department of Forest Production and Products, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Emmanuel Zando Angyu, Department of Forest Production and Products, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Egbuche Christian. Toochi, Department of Forest and Wildlife Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study was carried out to investigate the variation in climate change indicators of specific interest of rainfall and temperature) in Taraba State from 1991 to 2011. Secondary data were obtained on these climate change indicators from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria. Data obtained on amount of rainfall, maximum and minimum temperature and temperature range were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results showed no significant differences in all the variables considered (p ≤ 0.05). This shows that the much talked about climate change in Taraba State is speculative and not based on empirical data. However, to forestall the possible menace of climate change in the study area, it was recommended that policies and programmes supporting afforestation and proper environmental management should be put in place. Also, there is need for a widespread enlightenment of the citizens on climate change to enable them to change some of the human behaviours contributing to climate change.
Keywords
Climate Change, Indicators, Temperature, Rainfall, Implications, Forest Resources
To cite this article
Agbidye Francis Sarwuan, Emmanuel Zando Angyu, Egbuche Christian. Toochi, Variations in Climate Change Indicators and Implications on Forest Resources Management in Taraba State, Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 252-256. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20150406.13
References
[1]
I. J. Ekpoh. Environmental Change and Management. St. Paul’s Printing Company, Calabar, Nigeria. 2002. pp. 63-94.
[2]
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Working Group II Report. 2007. (available at www.ipcc.ch).
[3]
World Resources Institute (WRI). World Development Reports. Development and the Environment. The World Bank, OUP, Oxford, U.K. 1992. pp. 160-177.
[4]
S. I. Udofia. Economic Approaches in Valuing the Effects of Climate Change on Environment .The Nigerian Journal of Forestry. 2001. 31(1&2): pp105-110.
[5]
W. P. Cunningham and M. A. Cunningham. Principles of Environmental Science Inquiry and Applications, 2nd edition. McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. New York, U.S.A. 2004. pp. 201-210.
[6]
M. L. Wilki. Climate Change, Forests and SIDs. The International Forestry Review. 2002. 4(4): 313-316.
[7]
D. K. Asthana and M. Asthana. Environment: Problems and Solutions. S. Chand and Company LTD; Ram Nagar, New Delhi, India. 2006. pp. 208-218.
[8]
A.M. Solomon and A.P. Kirilenko. Climate Change and Terrestrial Biomass: what if trees do not migrate? Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters. 1997. Vol.16, 139-148.
[9]
D. Bachelet, R.P. Nelson, J.M. lenihan, R.J. Drapek. Regional Differences in the Carbon source-Sink: Potential of Natural Vegetation in the U.S.A. Environmental Management, 2004. 33: 23 - 43.
[10]
M. W. Scholze, N. W. Knorr, Arnell, and I.C. Prentice. A Climate risk Analysis for world Ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of SEED-UNDP (2000): Sustainable Energy Strategies: Materials for Decision – Makers. 2006. 208pp.
[11]
L. C. Nwoboshi.. Tropical Silviculture, Principles and Techniques. Ibadan University Press, Nigeria. 1982. pp. 333.
[12]
T. O. Amusa. The Role of the Forests in the Amelioration of the Nigerian Environment. The Nigerian Field. Bachelet, d., R.P. Nelson, T. Hickler, R.J. 2002. Vol.67 part 1. Pp 31-43.
[13]
R. T. Watson, I. R. Noble, B. Bolin, N.H Ravindranath, D.J. Verardo, and D.J. Dokken (eds). Land use, Land-use Change, and Forestry, 2000. Special Report of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambrige University Press, Cambrige.
[14]
A. L. Westerling, H.G. Hidalgo, D.R. Cayan, and T.W. Swetnam. Warming and Earlier Spring Increase, Western U.S. Forest Wild life Activity. Science. 2006. 313: 940-943.
[15]
Ministry of Information and Social Development, Jalingo, Taraba State. 2007.
[16]
National Population Commission, NPC. Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette 2007. No. 24 Volume 94 Lagos, Nigeria.
[17]
J. O. Ayoade. Climate Change, Vantage Publishers, Ibadan. 2003. pp. 45-46.
[18]
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). Climate Change Projections for Australia. Summary Document CSIRO, Cauberra. Ekanade, O., Ayanlade, A. and Orimoogunje, I.O.O. (n. d). Geospatial Analysis of Potential Climate Impacts on Coastal Urban Settlements of Nigeria for the 21st Century. GSDI 10 Conference Proceedings. 2001. pp. 12.
[19]
E. O. Aina and S.A. Adejuwon. Regional Climate Change: Implication on Energy Production in the Tropical Environment in: Jerome, C. and Umolu, P.E. (eds) The Proceeding of the International Workshop on Global Climate Change: impact on Energy Development, March 28-30, 1994, Lagos, published by Dunatech Nigeria limited.
[20]
M. Hulme. Climate perspective in Sahelian Desiccation: 1973-1998. Global Environmental Change. 2001. 11: 19-29.
[21]
C. Miller. Climate Change. A Publication of Newser U.S. 2008. pp. 2.
[22]
J. Anderson, K. Arblaster and J. Bartely. Climate Change - Induced Water Stress and its Impacts on Natural and Managed Ecosystems. A publication of Institute for International and European Environmental Policy. 2008. pp.1-3.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186