Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 239-245
Received: Aug. 18, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 31, 2015;
Published: Oct. 14, 2015
Views 4276 Downloads 188
Weldemariam Seifu Gessesew, Department of Horticulture, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa Univesity, Fiche, Ethiopia
Kebede Woldetsadik, Department of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia
Wassu Mohammed, Department of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia
The productivity of onion crop is low due to poor agronomic and management practices in Gode district. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at Gode Polytechnic College demonstration farm in 2013 under irrigation to assess the effect of N fertilizer rates and intra-row spacing on growth parameters of onion (Allium cepa L.). The treatments were consisting of six rates of N fertilizer (0, 46, 69, 92, 115, 138 kg ha-1) and four levels of intra-row spacing (7.5, 10, 12.5 and 15 cm) and the experiment was designed in RCBD with three replications. Results of the analysis revealed that the interaction effects of N rates and intra-row spacing showed highly significant (P<0.01) effect on leaf number. Plant maturity was delayed at higher N rates and wider intra-row spacings and vice-versa. The longest plant height was obtained from 15 cm intra-row spacing and 138 kg N ha-1 where as the shortest was recorded from 7.5 cm intra-row spacing without N fertilizer application. Longest leaf length was obtained from plants spaced at 15 cm fertilized with 138 kg N ha-1. However, the shortest was recorded for plants grown in 7.5 cm intra-row spacings without N fertilizer. The overall result analysis showed thatgood growth performance of onion was obtained from 15 cm intra-row spacing combined with 138 kg N ha-1 fertilizer applications.
Weldemariam Seifu Gessesew,
Growth Parameters of Onion (Allium cepa L. var. Cepa) as Affected by Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates and Intra-row Spacing Under Irrigation in Gode, South-Eastern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2015, pp. 239-245.
I. J. Golani, M. A. Vaddoria, D. R. Mehta, M. V. Naliyadhara and K. L. Dobariya., 2006. Analysis of Yield Components in Onion. Vegetable Research Station, Gujarat Agricultural University, Junagadh - 362 001, India, Indian J. Agric. Res., 40 (3): 224 – 227.
Hanelt P., 1990. "Taxonomy, Evolution, and History." In Onions and Allied Crops, edited by Haim D. Rabinowitch and James L. Brewster, 1-26. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press.
Corgan, J., M. Wall, C. Cramer, T. Sammis, B. Lewis and J. Schroeder, 2000. Bulb Onion Culture and Management. NMSU Agricultural Experiment Station Circular 563: 1-16.
MoARD, 2009. Rural Capacity Building project. Course for Training of trainers on improved horticultural crop technologies. pp. 5-19.
Grubben JH, Denton DA., 2004. Plant resources of tropical Africa. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Back huys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen.
Aklilu, S. 1997. Onion research and production in Ethiopia. Acta Horticulturae 433, 95-97.
Lemma Dessalegn and E. Herath. 1994. Agronomic Studies on Allium. Pp.139-145. In: Horticultural Research and Development in Ethiopia. 1-3 December, 1992. Institute of Agricultural research and food and Agricultural Organization. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Lemma Desalegn and Shimeles Aklilu., 2003. Research experiences in onions production. Research report No. 55, EARO, Addis Ababa Ethiopia, P. 52.
CSA (Central Statistics Agency), 2013. Area and production of major crops. Agricultural sample survey 2012/2013, private peasant holdings, Meher season, Statistical Bulletin 532, Addis Ababa.
FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization), 2012.Crop production Accessed on. http:/www.faostat.fao.org, September 10, 2012.
MARC (Melkasa Agricultural Research Center), 2004.Progress report for 1995 – 2003. EARO, Ethiopia.
Upper Awash Agro-Industry Enterprise 2001. Progress Report 1996-2002, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Agricultural product 2001/2002, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Van Eeden F. J., Myburgh J., 1971. Irrigation trials with onions. Agroplantae3: 57-62.
Gupta RP, Srivastava KJ, Pandey UB, Midmore DJ. 1994. Diseases and insect pests of onion in India. Acta Horticult. 358:265-372.
Ethiopian Agricultural research Organization (EARO), 2004. Directory of released crop varieties and their recommended cultural practice, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
SCF-UK DPPA (Save the children fund –United Kingdom and disaster prevention and preparedness Agency), 2003.Managing risks and opportunities on understanding of livelihoods of Somali regional state, Ethiopia.
Wakley, A. and Black, C. A., 1934. Determination of organic matter in the soil by chromic acid digesion. Soil Sci., 63: 251-264.
Dewis, J. and P, Freitas. 1975. Physical and chemical methods of soil and tissue analysis. FAO Bulletin No. 10. Rome. pp. 275.
Olsen S. R. and L. A. Dean. 1965. Phosphorus. In: Methods of Soil Analysis. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, Wisconsin, 9: 920 – 926.
Cottenie, I., 1980. Soil and plant testing as a base for fertilizer recommendation. FAO soils bulletin No.38/2, FAO, and Rome Italy.
Moodie, C., Smith, D. and McCreerry, R., 1954. Laboratory manual for soil fertility. Washngton State College, Monograph, 31-39.
Hazelton, P.A. and Murphy, B. W, 2007 Interpreting soil test results (2nded): what do all the numbers mean?
Donald A., Dan M., Jim S., John M, 2011. Soil testing interpretation guide. Oregon State University, U.S.A.
Landon, J. R., 1991. Booker tropical soil manual: A handbook for soil survey and agricultural land evaluation in the tropics and sub-tropics. Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex, New York. 474p.
Olsen, S. R., C. V. Cole, F. S. Watanable and L. A. Dean, 1954. Estimation of Phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA, circular, 939:1-19.
Brewster, J. L., 1994. Onions and other vegetable Alliums.CAB, International, Wallingford, UK. 236p.
Marschner, H., 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants.2nd Ed. Academic Press, New York, P.674.
Girma Z. 2011. Response of Onion (Allium Cepa L. Var. Cepa) To Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers at Gode, South-Eastern Ethiopia. Thesis submitted to the school of Graduate stdies Haramaya University.
Khan, H., Iqbal, M., Ghaffoor, A. and Waseem, K., 2002. Effect of various plant spacing and different nitrogen levels on growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.). Online J. Biol. Sci., 2:545-547.
Kumar, H., J. V. Singh, K. Ajay, S. Mahak, A. Kumar and M. Singh., 1998. Studies on the effect of spacing on growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv Patna Red. Indian J. Agri. Res., 2: 134 -138.
Islam, M. K., Alam, M. F., Islam, A. K. M. R., 2007. Growth and Yield Response of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Genotypes to Different Levels of Fertilizers. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 36(1): 33-38.
Hendrickson, P. and Swanson, M., 2003. Onion row spacing by seeding rate. NDSU, Crington research Extention Center.
Brewster, J. L., 1990. Cultural systems and agronomic practices in temperate climates. pp. 2- 30. In: Rabinowitch, H. D. and Brewster J. L. (Eds.). Onions and allied crops. Vol. 2. Agronomy, biotic interactions, pathology, and crop protection. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
Brady, N. C. 1985. The nature and properties of soils. 9th Edition. New Delhi.
Al-Fraihat, H. Ahmad, 2009. Effect of different nitrogen and sulphur fertilizer levels on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.). Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(2):155-165.
Mozumnder, S. N., Moniruzzaman, M., Halim, G. M. A. 2007. Effect of N, K and S on the Yield and Storability of Transplanted Onion (Allium cepa L.) in the Hilly Region. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development 5: 58-63.
Kahsay Y. Fetien A. and Derbew B. 2013. Intra-row spacing effect on shelf life of onion varieties (Allium cepa L.) at Aksum, Northern Ethiopia. J. Plant breeding and crop Sci., 5(6): 127-136.
Abubaker, S., 2008. Effect of plant density on flowering date, yield and quality attribute of Bush Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) under Center Pivot Irrigation System. Amer. J. Agri. and Biol. Sci., 3(4): 666-668.
Karaye, A. K. and A. I. Yakubu, 2006. Influence of intra-row spacing and mulching on weed growth and bulb yield of garlic (Allium sativum L.) in Sokota, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology., 5(3): 260-264.
Perez MA, Ayub CM, Saleem BA, Virk NA, Mahmood N, 2004. Effect of Nitrogen Levels and Spacing on Growth and Yield of Radish (Raphanussativus L.). In Int. J. Agric. Biol. 6:3 publishing, UK.
Muhammad, S. J., 2004. Studies on the management strategies for bulb and seed production of different cultivars of onions (Allium cepa L.). A dissertation submitted to Gomal University, Deraismil khan and Pakistan. 449p.
Jilani M. S, Khan MQ, Rahman S., 2009. Planting densities effect on yield and yield components of onion (Allium cepa L.). J. Agric. Res. 47(4):397-404.
Jilani, M. S., P. Ahmed, K. Waseem and M. Kiran, 2010. Effect of plant spacing on growth and yield of two varieties of onion (Allium cepa L.) Under the agro-climatic condition of D.I. Khan. Pakistan Journal of Science, 62: 37-41.
Jilani M. S, and Ghaffoor A., 2004. Screening of Local Varieties of Onion for Bulb Formation. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 5(2):129-133. Pakistan.
El-Tantawy, E. M. and A. K. El-Beik, 2009. Relationship between growth, yield and storability of onion (Allium cepa L.) with fertilization of nitrogen, sulphur and copper under calcareous Soil Conditions. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 5(4): 361-371. http://www.insipub.com/rjabs/2009/361-371.pdf. Accessed June 2010.
Tegbew. W. 2011. Yield and Yield Components of Onion (Alliumcepa var.cepa) Cultivarsas influenced by population density. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Haramaya University, Ethiopia.