Assessment of Fish Farmers’ Livelihood and Poverty Status in Delta State, Nigeria
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 427-433
Received: Oct. 23, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 5, 2014;
Published: Nov. 20, 2014
Views 2927 Downloads 302
James Asu Nandi, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Patience Gunn, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Glory Atim Adegboye, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Tena Mongalaku Barnabas, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Despite the potentials of Nigeria in fish production, domestic fish production has failed to meet the national demand, making Nigeria a net importer of fish. Hence, this study assessed the livelihood and poverty status of fish farmers in Delta State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 90 fish farmers across the State. Data were elicited through questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics and poverty gap indices measures. Respondents’ mean age was 42 years; with average household size of 5 people; 83% were literate; with 17 years of fishing experience. This indicates that fish farmers in the area were young, literate and experienced. Thus, they could withstand the drudgery and risk of the venture. It was observed that 42% of the farmers lived in rented apartments while 26% occupied their own apartments of single rooms (73%), with iron sheet roof (62%), floored with cement concrete (81%). The major source of water was borehole hand pump; with farmers using unauthorized refuse heaps and covered pit latrines. Farmers’ annual income averaged N137,500 (881.41 USD) which is below the annual minimum income of an average Nigerian. Poverty index was 0.867, resulting to a poverty gap index of 0.629, implying high poverty incidence. Major constraints identified were insufficient fund, fluctuation in market prices and fish spoilage. It is recommended that soft loans should be granted to fish farmers on time; canning and processing industries should be established in the area; adequately funded extension agents should be deployed to the study area.
James Asu Nandi,
Glory Atim Adegboye,
Tena Mongalaku Barnabas,
Assessment of Fish Farmers’ Livelihood and Poverty Status in Delta State, Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2014, pp. 427-433.
Rouhani, Q.A. & Britz, P.J., 2004. Contribution of aquaculture to rural livelihoods in South Africa: A Baseline Study. 1st Edn., Water Research Commission, Gezina, pp: 105. ISBN-10: 1770051864
Inoni, O.E., 2007. Allocative efficiency in pond fish production in Delta State, Nigeria: A production function approach. Agric. Tropica Subtropica, 40: 127-134. http://www.agriculturaits.czu.cz/pdf_files/vol_40_4_pdf/1Inonix.pdf
Food and Agriculture Organization, (FAO). 2005. Increasing the contribution of small-scale fisheries to poverty alleviation and food security. 1st Edn., Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, ISBN-10: 9251054185, pp: 79.
Chambers, R. & Conway, G.R., 1991. Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the 21st century. IDS Discussion paper 296, pp:1-29. ISBN 09037-15589.
Bola, A.W., 2012. Poverty and income inequality among fish farming households in Oyo State, Nigeria. Medwell Agric. J., 7 (2):100-101.
Nwabueze, A.A., 2010. The role of women in sustainable aquacultural development in Delta State. J. Sust. Dev. Africa, 12: 284-293. ISBN 1520-5509
Sanni, L. O., 2000. Agricultural development without Post harvest system: Any hope for success? University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Alumni Association Lecture Series No. 2. 23P.
World Bank, 2001. Poverty and hunger: issues and options for food security in Developing Countries .Washington, DC, USA
Shackleton, C. M., M. W. Pasquini and Drescher, A. W. 2009. African Indigenous Vegetables in Urban Agriculture: Recurring Themes and Policy Lessons for the Figure.
United Nations Development Programme, (UNDP), 2005. Human Development Report. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
Anene, A., C. I. Ezeh & Oputa, C.O., 2010. Resources use and efficiency of artisanal fishing in Oguta, Imo State, Nigeria. J. Dev. Agric. Econ., 2:094-099. http://www.academicjournals.org/jdae/PDF/Pdf2010/Mar/Anene%20et%20al.pdf.
 Food and Agriculture Organization, (FAO). 2011. Fishery and aquaculture country profiles Nigeria. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. http://www.fao.org/fishery/countrysector/FI-CP_NG/3/en
Adewuyi, S.A., Phillip, B.B., Ayinde, I.A. & Akerele, D., 2010. Analysis of profitability of fish farming in Ogun State Nigeria. J. Hum. Ecol., 31: 179-184. http://www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/JHE/JHE-31-0-000-10-Web/JHE-31-3-000-10-Abst-PDF/JHE-31-3-179-10-1963-Adewuyi-S-A/JHE-31-3-179-10-1963-Adewuyi-S-A-Tt.pdf
Grema, H.A., Geidam, Y.A., & Egwu, G.O., 2011. Fish production in Nigeria: An update. Nig. Vet. J., 32: 226-229. http://www.nvmanvj.com/articles/volume32/issue3/article130.pdf
Davies, R.M., Davies, O.A., Inko-Tariah, M.B., & Bekibele, D.O., 2008. The mechanization of fish farms in Rivers State, Nigeria. W. Appld Sci. J., 3: 926-929. ISSN 1818-4952
Edwards, P., 2000. Aquaculture, poverty impacts and livelihoods. Natural Resource Perspectives Number 56, June 2000. Department for International Development (DFID), Overseas Development Institute 2000, ISSN: 1356–9228. www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/2849.pdf
Nigeria, 2003. Community Portal of Nigeria. http://www.onlinenigeria.com/links/deltaadv.asp?blurb
National Population Commission (NPC), 2006. http:// www.population.gov.ng/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=89
Extraordinary, 2009. Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. 96(2):1-43. http://www.placng.org/Legal%20Notice%20on%20Publication%20of%202006%20Census%20Final%20Results.pdf.
Foster, J., Greer, J., & Thorbecke, E., 1984. A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures. Econometrica. 52: 761 - 766.
Ali, M.H., Hossain, M.D., Hasan, A.N.G.M., & Bashar, M.A., 2008. Assessment of the livelihood status of the fish farmers in some selected areas of Bagmara upazilla under Rajshahi district. J. Bangladesh Agric. Uni., 6: 367-374. ISSN 1810-3030