Assessment of Fish Farmers’ Livelihood and Poverty Status in Delta State, Nigeria
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 427-433
Received: Oct. 23, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 5, 2014; Published: Nov. 20, 2014
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Authors
James Asu Nandi, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Patience Gunn, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Glory Atim Adegboye, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Tena Mongalaku Barnabas, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
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Abstract
Despite the potentials of Nigeria in fish production, domestic fish production has failed to meet the national demand, making Nigeria a net importer of fish. Hence, this study assessed the livelihood and poverty status of fish farmers in Delta State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 90 fish farmers across the State. Data were elicited through questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics and poverty gap indices measures. Respondents’ mean age was 42 years; with average household size of 5 people; 83% were literate; with 17 years of fishing experience. This indicates that fish farmers in the area were young, literate and experienced. Thus, they could withstand the drudgery and risk of the venture. It was observed that 42% of the farmers lived in rented apartments while 26% occupied their own apartments of single rooms (73%), with iron sheet roof (62%), floored with cement concrete (81%). The major source of water was borehole hand pump; with farmers using unauthorized refuse heaps and covered pit latrines. Farmers’ annual income averaged N137,500 (881.41 USD) which is below the annual minimum income of an average Nigerian. Poverty index was 0.867, resulting to a poverty gap index of 0.629, implying high poverty incidence. Major constraints identified were insufficient fund, fluctuation in market prices and fish spoilage. It is recommended that soft loans should be granted to fish farmers on time; canning and processing industries should be established in the area; adequately funded extension agents should be deployed to the study area.
Keywords
Aquaculture, Fish Farming, Housing, Impact, Income, Livelihood, Poverty
To cite this article
James Asu Nandi, Patience Gunn, Glory Atim Adegboye, Tena Mongalaku Barnabas, Assessment of Fish Farmers’ Livelihood and Poverty Status in Delta State, Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 427-433. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140305.26
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