Comparison of Different Fertilizer Management Practices on Rice Growth and Yield in the Ashanti Region of Ghana
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 374-379
Received: Sep. 3, 2014;
Accepted: Sep. 23, 2014;
Published: Oct. 20, 2014
Views 3093 Downloads 199
Roland Nuhu Issaka, CSIR-Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition Division, Soil Research Institute, Academy Post Office, Kwadaso, Ghana
Moro Mohammed Buri, CSIR-Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition Division, Soil Research Institute, Academy Post Office, Kwadaso, Ghana
Satoshi Nakamura, Crop Production and Environment Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences. Ohwashi, Tsukuba, 305-8686, Japan
Satoshi Tobita, Crop Production and Environment Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences. Ohwashi, Tsukuba, 305-8686, Japan
Nutrient management is critical in increasing and sustaining rice yield. A field experiment was conducted to examine the effects of inorganic fertilizer (IF), poultry manure (PM) and their combinations on rice yield and possible residual effects. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used and the trial was conducted on a Gleysol. In 2011 SPAD values for IF and PM/ IF combinations (except 2.0 t/ha PM + 22.5-15-15 kg N: P2O5: K2O/ha) were significantly higher in the sixth week onwards than PM. Number of panicles/plant and number of panicles m2 were significantly higher for 90-60-60 kg N: P2O5: K2O/ha and 2.0 t/ha PM + 22.5-15-15 kg N: P2O5: K2O/ha than 6.0 and 4.0 t/ha PM resulting in significantly higher grain yield. Grain yield of IF was similar to grain yield of PM/IF combinations. In 2012 the residual effects showed a significantly higher SPAD value for the 6.0 t/ha PM. Also 6.0 t/ha PM, 4.0 t/ha PM and 4.0 t/ha PM + 30 kg N/ha had significantly high number of panicles/plant and number of panicles/m2 than IF. Residual effect of PM applied at 4.0 t/ha and above gave significantly higher grain yield than IF. Mean grain yield for the three years showed that 4.0 t/ha PM + 30 kg N/ha and 2.0 t/ha PM + 22.5-15-15 kg N: P2O5: K2O/ha gave significantly higher yields than the other treatments. The results indicate that integrating IF and PM is a better option in increasing and sustaining rice production.
Roland Nuhu Issaka,
Moro Mohammed Buri,
Comparison of Different Fertilizer Management Practices on Rice Growth and Yield in the Ashanti Region of Ghana, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2014, pp. 374-379.
Susumu S. Abe, M. Moro Buri, Roland N. Issaka, Paul Kiepe and Toshiyuki Wakatsuki. 2010. Soil Fertility Potential for Rice Production in West African Lowlands. JARQ. 44 (4), 343 – 355
Buri, M. M., Iassaka, R. N., Fujii , H. and Wa-katsuki, T. 2009 Comparison of Soil Nutrient status of some Rice growing Environments in the major Agro-ecological zones of Ghana. International Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment Vol. 8 (1): 384-388
Buri, M. M., Issaka, R. N., Wakatsuki, T. and Otoo, E. (2004) Soil organic amendments and mineral fertilizers: Options for sustainable lowland rice production in the Forest agro-ecology of Ghana. Agriculture and Food Science Journal of Ghana. Vol., 3, 237-248.
Senayah J. K., Issaka R. N. and Dedzoe, C. D. 2008. Characteristics of Major Lowland Rice-growing Soils in the Guinea Savanna Voltaian Basin of Ghana. Agriculture and Food Science Journal of Ghana. Vol. 6. P 445-458
Issaka, R. N., Buri, M. M., Tobita, S., Nakamura, S. and Owusu-Adjei, E. 2011. Indigenous Fertilizing Materials to Enhance Soil Productivity in Ghana. In Soil Fertility (editor: Joann K. Whalen) Improvement and Integrated Nutrient Management: A Global Perspective. Published by InTech, Janeza Trrdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia. ISBN 978-953-307-945-5
Suzuki, A. (1997). Fertilization of rice in Japan. Japan FAO Association, Tokyo, Japan
Myint, A. K., Yamakawa, T., Kajihara, Y. and Zenmyo, T. 2010. Application of different organic and mineral fertilizers on the growth, yield and nutrient accumulation of rice in a Japanese ordinary paddy field. Science World Journal Vol 5 (No 2) Pp 47-54
Ohyama, N., Katono, M. & Hasegawa, T. (1998). Effects of long term application of organic materials to the paddy field originated form Aso volcanic ash on the soil fertility and rice growth. I. Effects on the rice growth and nutrient uptake for the initial three years. Proceeding of Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu Tokai University, 17:9-24. (In Japanese with English summary)
Dedzoe C. D., Senayah J. K., Asubonteng K. O. and Otoo E. 1997. Characterization of inland valleys in Ghana: A semi-detailed study of the Mankran system in Ashanti Region. In Efficient Soil and Water Management: A Prerequisite for Sustainable Agriculture. Proc. 14th and 15th Annual General Meeting of the Soil Science Society of Ghana.
Mclean, E. O. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. In Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keaney, D. R. (eds). Methods of Soil Analysis. Number 9 Part 2, Am. Soc. of Agron.
Walkley, A. and Black, I.A. 1934. An examination of the method for determining soil organic matter and proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37:29-38.
Bremner, D.C. and Mulvaney, J.M. 1982. Total nitrogen. In Page, A.L., Miller, R. H. and Keaney, D.R. (eds). Methods of Soil Analysis. Number 9 Part 2, Am. Soc. of Agron.
Bray, R. H. and Kurtz, L.T. 1945. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Sci. 59:39-45.
Thomas, G.W. 1982. Exchangeable cations. In Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keaney, D.R. (eds). Methods of Soil Analysis. Number 9, Part 2. Am. Soc. of Agron.