Effect of Plant Spacing on the Yield and Yield Component of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L.) at Adet, North Western Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 368-373
Received: Sep. 18, 2014;
Accepted: Sep. 30, 2014;
Published: Oct. 10, 2014
Views 3602 Downloads 468
Yayeh Bitew, Adet Agricultural Research Centre, Amhara Agricultural Research Institute, Bahir Dare, Ethiopia
Fekremariam Asargew, Adet Agricultural Research Centre, Amhara Agricultural Research Institute, Bahir Dare, Ethiopia
Oumer Beshir, Adet Agricultural Research Centre, Amhara Agricultural Research Institute, Bahir Dare, Ethiopia
Field pea is an important low-input break crops throughout the highlands of Ethiopia. The experiment was conducted on effect of spacing on the yield and yield component of field pea cultivars (pisum sativum L.) in 2012-213 cropping season at Adet Agricultural research station. Three intra row spacing’s (5 cm, 10 cm and 15 cm) and two inter row spacing (20 cm and 25 cm) were evaluated using two released varieties, Sefinesh and Megeri on a plot size of 5 m x 5m (25 m2). The experimental design was a completely randomized block with 12 treatments in three replications. JMP-5 (SAS) software was used to compute the analysis of variance, correlation and regression analyses. Main effects of variety and intra row spacing had significant effect (P<0.05) on plant height, number of seeds per pod, seed yield while inter row spacing did not affect all examined attributes. The overall highest seed yield was recorded when Sefinesh was planted in 15 cm intra row spacing followed by Megeri in 5cm intra row spacing. The experiment revealed that average yield of Megeri increased when intra row spacing decreased. The reverse is true for Sefinesh. Similarly, increasing the intra row spacing revealed a peak seed yield at approximately 15 cm intra row spacing in Sefinsh. More importantly, increase in inter and intra row spacing together leads to increase and decrease the seed yield of Sefinesh and Megeri, respectively. Hence, 25 cm inter row with 15 cm intra row and 20 cm inter row with 5 cm intra row spacing, respectively gave the highest mean seed yield, and thereby increase the productivity of filed pea cultivars in West Gojam, but the experiment should be tested under small scale farmers’ conditions.
Effect of Plant Spacing on the Yield and Yield Component of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L.) at Adet, North Western Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2014, pp. 368-373.
Amare G., and Adamu M., (1993). Faba bean and field pea Agronomy research Holleta and Sheno Agricultural research center pages 199-225h. In: Proceeding of the first National Cool-season food legumes review conference ,16-20 Decmber,1993 (Asfaw T., Geletu B., Mohan C.,and Mahmoud B.,eds), Adiss Abeba, Ethiopia
Beyene D., Alem B., Hailu G. and Beniwal S. (1989). Yield testing of promising field pea lines, Holeta research center. In: Nile Valley Regional program cool season food legumes, Research results, 1989 crop season, Institute ofAgricultural research, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia. akota State University and U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating, USA
Central Statistical Agency (2012) Agricultural Sample Survey. 2011/2012 Volume I Report on Area and Production of Major Crops. Statistical Bulletin. May 2012, Addis Ababa.
Tilahun Tadesse, Alemayehu Assefa, Minale Liben and Zelalem Tadesse, 2013. Effects of nitrogen split-application on productivity, nitrogen use efficiency and economic benefits of maize production in Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research Vol.1 (4), pp. 109-115
SAS Institute Inc., 2002. JMP-5 Statistical Software, Version 5.Cary, NC, USA.
Inanç S and B. Yıldırım., 2007. The Effect of Different Row Space Applications on the Yield and Yield Components in Pea (Pisum sativum L.). Turkish VII. Field Crops Congress, 25-27 July, Erzurum
Derya Ozveren Yucel, 2013. Impact of plant density on yield and yield components of pea (pisum sativum ssp. sativum l.) cultivars. arpn Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 2(8):169-174
Shirtliffe S.J. and A.M. Johnston. 2002. Yield-Density relationships and Optimum Plant Populations in two Cultivars of Solid-Seeded Dry Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Grown in Saskatchewan. Can. J. Plant Sci. 82: 521-529.
Dahmardeh M, M Ramroodi and J Valizadeh. 2010. Effect of Plant Density and Culticars on Growth, Yield and YieldComponents of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.). Afr J. of Biot. 9(50): 8643-8647.
Hoorman J.J., R. Islam and A. Sundermeier. 2009. Sustainable Crop Rotations with Cover Crops. OSU, Agriculture and Natural Resources. Fact Sheet.
Sharma, S.K., 2002. Effect of sowing time and spacing levels on seed production of pea cultivar Arkel. Seed Res. 30(1): 88-91.
Momoh, E. J. J. and W. Zhou, 2001. Growth and yield responses to plant density and stage of transplanting in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 186: 253-259.
Togay N., Y. Togay, B. Yıldırım and Y. Doğan., 2008. Relationships between Yield and Some Yield Components in Pea (Pisum sativum ssp arvense L.) Genotypes by using Correlation and Path Analysis. African J. of Biotechnology. 7(23): 4285-4287
Anlarsal A.E., C. Yücel and D. Özveren., 2001. A Research on Determination of Yields and Adaptation of Some Pea (Pisum sativum ssp. sativum L. ve Pisumsativum ssp. avense L.) Lines at Conditions of Çukurova. J. Agric. Fac. Ç.Ü. 16 (3): 11-20.
Biçer, T., 2009. The effect of seed size on yield and yield components of chickpea and lentil. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 8 (8), pp. 1482-1487, Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB
Gan Y.T., P.R. Miller, B.G. McConkey, R.P. Zentner,P.H. Liu and C.L. McDonald. 2003. Optimum Plant Population Density for Chickpea and Dry pea in a Semiarid Environment. Can. J. Plant Sci. 83: 1-9.
Türk M., S. Albayrak and O. Yüksel. 2011. Effect of Seeding Rate on the Forage Yields and Quality in Pea Cultivars of Different Leaf Types. Turkish J. of Field Crops. 16(2): 137-141.