Response to Fertilizer of Native Grasses (Pennisetum polystachion and Setaria Sphacelata) and Legume (Tephrosia pedicellata) of Savannah in Sudanian Benin
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages: 142-146
Received: Feb. 12, 2014;
Accepted: May 17, 2014;
Published: May 20, 2014
Views 2826 Downloads 186
KINDOMIHOU Missiakô Valentin, Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Department of Natural Resources Management, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey Calavi, Benin Republic; Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey Calavi, Benin Republic
SAIDOU Aliou, Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Department of Natural Resources Management, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey Calavi, Benin Republic; Department of Crop Production, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey Calavi, Benin Republic
SINSIN Brice Augustin, Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Department of Natural Resources Management, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey Calavi, Benin Republic
Response to nitrogen fertilizer of 2 grass species, Pennisetum polystachion and Setaria sphacelata, and one legume Tephrosia pedicellata was studied in northern Benin. The 3 species are native in Sudanian grasslands and occur on tropical ferruginous soils. The experimental plots were fertilized with a basal dressing of potassium chloride and triple superphosphate before testing nitrogen fertilizer at rates of 0, 60 and 120 kg/ha N, respectively. The highest biomass was produced with 120 kg/ha (4.98, 2.13 and 1.1 t/ha DM for Pennisetum, Setaria and Tephrosia, respectively). The highest number of pods per plant with Tephrosia was produced with the control plot (35.75 pods per plant) and the lowest with an N rate of 60 kg/ha (23.75 pods per plant). The highest tussock diameters for Setaria and Pennisetum were 76.4 and 71.9 cm, respectively, at an N rate of 120 kg/ha. These 3 native forage species showed good performance under cultivation.
KINDOMIHOU Missiakô Valentin,
SINSIN Brice Augustin,
Response to Fertilizer of Native Grasses (Pennisetum polystachion and Setaria Sphacelata) and Legume (Tephrosia pedicellata) of Savannah in Sudanian Benin, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2014, pp. 142-146.
F.W.T. Penning de Vries, and M.A. Djitèye, “Productivity of arid grasslands. Study of soils, vegeta-tion and survey of natural resources”. Agricultural research report 918, PUDOC, Wageningen, the Netherlands, 1982, p. 525.
H. Breman, and N. De Ridder, Book of arid grasslands. ACCT-CTA. Editions Karthala, Paris, 1991, p. 485.
S.J.L.E. Leloup, “Multiple uses of ran-gelands within agropastoral systems in southern Mali”. PhD. Thesis. Wageningen University, The Netherlands, 1994, p. 101.
J. Pretty, A. Noble, D. Bossio, J. Dixon, R. Hine, F. Penning de Vries, and J. Morison, “Resource conserving agriculture increases yields in developing countries”. Environmental Science and Technology 40, pp. 1114–1119, 2006.
M. Anneessens, " Pennisetum clandestinum fertilisation trial in Cameroon : qualitative and quantitativeaspects". Tropicultura 7(2), pp. 54-59, 1989.
V. Kindomihou, C. Adandedjan, and B. Sinsin, “Agronomic and zootechnical performances of tropical forage mixtures”. In GodetandGrimaud: Proceedings of Regional seminar on forage cropping and sustainable development in subhumid zone, Korhogo, Cote d’Ivoire. 26-29 may 1997, 1998, pp. 85-90.
B. Sinsin, “Phytosociology, ecology, pastoral value, production and carrying capacity of natural grasslands of Nikki-Kalalé at the northern Benin perimeter”. PhD thesis. Free University of Brussels, Belgium, 1993, p. 390.
B. Sinsin, “Production or animal health. When the change in Benin livestock”. Tropicultura 6(2), pp. 79-83, 1988.
G. Szuts, L.Vincza, G. Kovacs, and E. Jakab, “Effects of soil fertility on the amino acids and nutritional value of wheat grain.”Acta Veterinary Hungary 36, pp. 137-142, 1988.
P.E. Tedonkeng, and R.D. Piepper, “Effect of fertilization and cutting frequency on yield of Brachiaria ruziziensis Germain and Evrard in Adamawa plateau Cameroun”. Tropicultura 13(1), pp. 9-14, 1995.
R.W.S. Fynn, and J. Naiken, “Different responses of Eragrostis curvula and Themeda triandra to rapid- and slow-release fertilizers: insights into their ecology and implications for fertilizer selection in pot experiments”. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 26(1), pp. 43–46, 2009.
M.R. Hasan, M.A. Akbar, Z.H. Khandaker, and M.M. Rahman,“Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on yield contributing character, biomass yield and nutritive value of cowpea forage”. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science 39(1-2), pp. 83-88, 2010.
J.A. Guretzky, J.T. Biermacher, B.J. Cook, M.K. Kering, and J. Mosali, “Switchgrass for forage and bioenergy: harvest and nitrogen rate effects on biomass yields and nutrient composition”. Plant Soil 339 (1-2), pp. 69-81, 2011.
M.S. Reis, C.S. Sediyama, and T. Sediyama, “Application of nitrogen fertilizer inoculation and application of fritted trace elements to soybean crops”. Revue Ceres 24(132), pp. 163-169, 1977.
A.Y. Kamara, F. Ekeleme, L.O. Omoigui, and H.A. Ajeigbe, “Phosphorus and Nitrogen Fertilization of Soybean in the Nigerian Savanna”. Experimental Agriculture 48(1),pp. 39-48,2012.
A.I. Riger, and I. Grebenior, “Effectiveness of fertilizer application on the soybean crop in Krasnodorregion”. Bulletin of Oil Crops 1, pp. 43-45, 1980.
L.O. Aristova, “Effect of nitrogen fertilizer application on soybean under irrigation”. Journal of Oil Crops 3, pp. 46-47, 1980.
N. Ndaeyo, N.S. Oguzor, E.S. Utuk, and S.O. Dan, “Growth and Yield of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) as influenced by combined application of cow dung and NPK fertilizer in Ogoja, South eastern Nigeria”. Tropicultura 8(2), pp. 49-54, 2000.
M. Viennot, Soil map of Benin Republic. Bembèrèkè leaflet. ORSTOM, Paris France, 1978, p. 45.
J. Youssouf, Pedological study at 1/10 000e of the INA food crop research station INRAB, Cotonou and INA, Benin.1990.
FAO, FAO-UNESCO soil map of the world. Revised legend. Soils Bulletin 60. FAO, Rome, 1990, p. 119.
B. Sinsin, “Preliminary observations on five forage grass species from the North Benin savannas”. In Proceedings of regional seminar of international Foundation of Science (IFS) Cotonou, Benin : Agrarian Systems and sustainable in sub-sahelian Africa, CTA, 1994, pp 377-390.
C.W. Gay, and D.D. Dwyer, “Effect of 1 year of nitrogen fertilization on native vegetation under clipping and burning”. Journal of Rangeland Management 18, pp. 273-276, 1965.
R.L. Gillen, D.Rollins, and J.F. Stritzke, “Atrazine, spring burning, and nitrogen for improvement of tallgrass prairie”. Journal of Rangeland Management 40, pp. 444-447, 1987.
J. Lejoly, and B. Sinsin, “China grass (Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Shult) pasture in northern Benin: fodder species composition, productivity, feed value and grazing value”. Proceedings of XVII International Grassland Congress. 1993, pp. 257-259.
Y., Dumas, J.E. Salette, and O. Sobesky, “Ecological elements of herbages at Pangola (Digitaria decumbens) in various areas of French Antilles”. Agronomie Tropicale 28(9), pp. 819-845., 1973.
L.M. David, F. Nan-Ping, and Z. Chin-Ming, “Improvement of dry tropical rangelands in Hainan Island, China: 2. Evaluation of pasture grasses”. Journal of Rangeland Management 46, pp. 339-345, 1993.
G. Boudet, Book on tropical grasslands and forage crops; 4th Edition. Publication IEMVT, Ministry of Cooperation and Development, Paris France, 1991, p. 254.
D.L. Michalk, and S.E. Dunn, “Pasture development and cattle management at Gaopoling Model cattle farm: summary of achievements and recommendations for further development”. Final Report to Agriculture Bureau of Guangdong Province, Overseas project sector, New South Wales Agriculture & Fisheries, 1984, pp. 1-146.
N. Sanginga, K. Mulongoy, and A. Ayanaba, “Nitrogen fixation on field inoculated Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de wit estimated by the 15N and the difference methods”. Plant and Soil 117, pp. 269-274, 1989.
L.D. Coppock, and D.R. Jess, “Cultivated and native browse legumes as calf supplements in Ethiopia”. Journal of Rangeland Management 45, pp. 231-238, 1992.
L.A. Edye, “A comparison of twenty-seven introduced grasses in two dry-tropical environments in northern Queensland”. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal husbandry 15, pp. 788-794, 1975.