Physical Properties of Wood in Selected Lessor Known Tree Species in Botswana
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages: 105-109
Received: Mar. 12, 2013; Published: Apr. 2, 2013
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Authors
Ronnie Mmolotsi, Department of Crop Science and Production. Botswana College of Agriculture. Private Bag 0027, Gaborone, Botswana
Kealeboga Kejekgabo, Department of Crop Science and Production. Botswana College of Agriculture. Private Bag 0027, Gaborone, Botswana
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Abstract
A study was carried out to evaluate physical properties of wood of four indigenous tree species. Samples were obtained at random from the logs at a timber and wood processing yard. Acacia burkea and S. Africana possess heartwood that is distinctly different in colour from the sapwood. Acacia burkeashowed very dark colour in the heartwood while that of Spirostachys africana was dark greyish brown in colour. Wood of P. africanum and Terminelia serecia displayed no distinctly different colours between the sapwood and the heartwood. Density also varied in different woods with the highest density values recorded at 0.97 g cm3 in the A. burkeaand the lowest was 0.70 g cm3 in P. africanum. There were significant differences in densities between wood of all these species. The highest change in dimensions was recorded in the tangent side of all woods except for A. burkea. The highest dimensional changes were recorded at 9.02± 4.02 percentin the tangent side of P. africanum. The lowest dimensional changes were recorded at 0.41±0.08 percent in the longitudinal section of the P. africanumwood. Overall the lowest changes were recorded in the longitudinal side of wood.
Keywords
Wood, Density,Moisture, Shrinkage, Botswana
To cite this article
Ronnie Mmolotsi, Kealeboga Kejekgabo, Physical Properties of Wood in Selected Lessor Known Tree Species in Botswana, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 105-109. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20130202.17
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