Diversity of Aerial Yam /Dioscorea bulbifera (L.)/ Accessions in Ethiopia Based on Agronomic Traits
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages: 67-71
Received: Jan. 6, 2013; Published: Apr. 2, 2013
Views 2850      Downloads 224
Author
Tewodros Mulualem Beyene, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
The experiment was conducted at Jimma Agricultural Research Centre during 2007 cropping season. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the genetic diversity of aerial yam using agronomic traits so as to characterize and cluster with in collected aerial yam genotypes. Forty-seven aerial yam genotypes were sampled from the collection. Relatively high broad sense heritability was observed for Vine dry weight (53.14), tuber diameter (42.54), tuber length (42.04) and vine length (39.69) indicating the existence of possibility for selection of genotypes for high fresh tuber yield. The clustering of genotypes based on 11 quantitative traits revealed the existence of five distinct groups. The maximum inter cluster distance was observed between genotypes under cluster II and V and I (D2 =1844) IV and V (D2 =1702) hence, the genotypes grouped in these clusters could be used for crossing if high fresh tuber yield genotypes are planned in breeding program.
Keywords
Aerial Yam, Dioscorea bulbifera, Genetic Diversity
To cite this article
Tewodros Mulualem Beyene, Diversity of Aerial Yam /Dioscorea bulbifera (L.)/ Accessions in Ethiopia Based on Agronomic Traits, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 67-71. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20130202.12
References
[1]
Coursey, D.G. 1967. Yams: an account of nature, origins, cultivation and utilization of useful members ofDioscoreaceae. Longmans, Greens and co Ltd., UK, pp230.
[2]
Jayasurya, A. 1984. Systematic arrangement of the genus Dioscorea (Dioscoreaceae) in Indian Sub-continent, Revised hand book to the Flora of Ceylon IX. Royal Botanic Gardens, KewRichmond, UK.
[3]
Wilkin, P.1998. Morphometric study of Dioscorea quartiniana, A. Rich (Dioscoreaceae). Kew Bulletin 54:1–18.
[4]
Hahn, S.K and Hozio, Y. 1993. Sweet potato and yam. Symposium on potential productivityof field crops under different environments. Outlook on agriculture 1: 10-11
[5]
Marthin, F.W.1974. Tropical yams and their potential part 2Dioscorea bulbifera. Agriculture hand book no. 466,18pp.
[6]
Miege, J. and Demissew, S.1997. Dioscoreaca. In: Edwards S, Demissew S, Hedberg I (eds.) Flora of Ethiopia & Eriteria, Vol6, Hydrocharitance to Aracea. The national herbarium, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia/The department of systematic sotany, Uppsala, Sweden,pp.55-62.
[7]
Kochar, J. 1998. Economic botany of the tropics 2nd edition, Macmillan, India limited.
[8]
Tewodros Mulualem,. 2012..Aerial yam (D. Bulbifera) characterization, Lambert AcadamicPublishing. Saarbrucken, Germany
[9]
Edwards, SB. 1991. Crops with wild relatives found in Ethiopia. In: Engles JMM, Hawkes
[10]
Muluneh Tamiru. 2006. Assessing diversity in yam (Dioscorea spp.) from Ethiopia based onmorphology, AFLP marker and tuber quality, and farmers’ management of landraces. Ph.D.thesis, George –August University. Germany.
[11]
Johonson,H.W., H.F. Robinson and R.E. Comostock. . 1955a . Estimates of Genetics and Environmental Variability in SoybeansAgron. J. 47, 314-318.
[12]
Burton, G.W and Dewane, E.M. 1997. Estimating Heritability in Tall Fesue (Fistula arundanaceae) from Replicated ClonalMaterial. Agron J. 48: 478-481, 1951.IPGRI/IITA, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute/International Institute for Tropical Agriculture,Descriptors for Taro (Collocasiaspp.)., Ibadan, Nigeria, Rome, Italy,
[13]
Mahalanobis, P.C. On the Generalized Distance in Statistics. Proc. Natl. Scence. India B. 2:49-55, 1936.
[14]
SAS Institute, (1999). Statistical Analytical Systems SAS / STAT user’s guide version 8(2) caryNC :SAS institute inc.
[15]
Bhatt, G.M., 1970.. Multivariate Analysis Approach to Selection of Parents for Hybridization Aiming Yield Improvement in Self Pollinated Crops, Aust. J. agric. Res., 21:1-7.
[16]
Allard, R.W.1960. Principles of Plant Breeding. John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York.
[17]
Singh, R.K, and B.D. Chaudhury. 1985. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Publishers,New Delhi. Pp. 318.
[18]
Baye, B., Ravishankar, R., and Singh, H. 2005. Variability and association of tuber yield and related traits in potato (Solanum tubersum L.). Eth. J. Agric. Sci., 18(1): 103-121.
[19]
Saha, S. C., Mishira, S. N. and Mishira, R.S. 1990. Genetic variation in F2 generation of chilli. Capsicum News Letter, 8: 29-30.
[20]
Bekele F. 2006. A sampling of the phenotypic diversity of cocoa in the Cocoa Gene Bank of Trinidad. Crop Science. 36:57-64.
[21]
Gemechu, K., Belay, S., and Getinet, G.1997 .Diversity of Groundnut Germplasm in Ethiopia, EthiopiaJ.Agric. Sci.16: 1-12.
[22]
Woyessa Garedew.2006. Morphological characterization and divergence analysis of Plectranthusedulis (Vatke) Agnew collection in Ethiopia. M.Sc. thesis, Presented to School of Graduate Studies Hawassa University, Awassa.
[23]
Asfaw,K. 2006. Characterization and divergence analysis of some Ethiopian taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) accessions M.Sc thesis, Presented to School of Graduate Studies, Alemaya University,Alemaya.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186