Photobacterium damselae Infection in Yellow Tail Surgeon (zebrasoma xanthurum) of Red Sea at Hurghada, Egypt
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Pages: 10-14
Received: Dec. 12, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 24, 2014; Published: Dec. 31, 2014
Views 2996      Downloads 128
Author
Mahmoud Hashem, Fish Diseasese, Dept., Fac. Vet. Med., Assuit Univ., Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Photobacterium damselae causes photobacteriosis of marine ornamental yellow tail surgeon (zebrasoma xanthurum) the disease appeared and spread rapidly in yellow tail surgeon in the indoor aquarium of National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF) at Hurghada (Egypt). The pathogen was isolated from skin lesions in the body, and internal organs namely liver,spleen and kidney of clinically diseased and moribund fish using tryptic soy agar and thio-sulphate citrate bile salt sucrose agar plates. Lethargic, off food, hemorrhagic spots on skin, skin depigmentation, and fin rot were the main clinical signs appeared on the naturally infected fish. All isolates of the bacterium constituted a homogeneous phenotypic group and were identified by morphological characterization, biochemical tests and API20E as Photobacterium damselae. The isolated strain was sensitive to Sulfamethoxazole Gentamycin, and Streptomycin.
Keywords
Photobacterium damselae, Photobacteriosis, zebrasoma xanthurum, Streptomycin, API20E
To cite this article
Mahmoud Hashem, Photobacterium damselae Infection in Yellow Tail Surgeon (zebrasoma xanthurum) of Red Sea at Hurghada, Egypt, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue:Marine Biology. Vol. 3, No. 1-1, 2015, pp. 10-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2015030101.13
References
[1]
Abbasi,F.M., Ahmad, H., Perveen, F., Inamullah, Sajid, M., Brar D.S., 2010. Assesment of genomic relationship between Oryza sativa and Oryza australiensis. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 9(12): 1312-1316.
[2]
Acosta, F., Ellis, A.E., Vivas, J., Padilla, D., Acosta, B., Deniz, S., Bravo ,J., Real, F.,2006. Complement consumption by Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida in seabream, red porgy and sea bass normal and immune serum. Effect of the capsule on the bactericidal effect. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 20: 709-717.
[3]
Barber, G. R., Swygert, J. S., 2000. Necrotizing fasciitis due to Photobacterium damsela in a man lashed by a stingray. N. Engl. J. Med. 342: 824-1056
[4]
Belen ,F., Jens,L., Bent, N., Juan, L.B. , Elicia, E. T., 1992. Characterization of Vibrio damsela strains isolated from turbot Scophthalmus maximus in Spain. Dis. aquat. Org. 12:155-166
[5]
Bullock, G.L., Hsu, T.C., Shotts, E.B., 1986. Columnaris disease of salmonids.
[6]
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish Disease Leaflet, 72, 9 pp.
[7]
Cutter, D.L. & Kreger, A.S.,1990. Cloning and expression of the damselysin gene from Vibrio damsela. Infection and Immunity 58: 266-268.
[8]
do Vale A., Silva, M.T., dos Santos, N.M., Nascimento, D.S., Reis-Rodrigues, P., Costa-Ramos, C., Ellis, A.E., Azevedo, J.E., 2005. AIP56, a novel plasmid-encoded virulence factor of Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida with apoptogenic activity against sea bass macrophages and neutrophils. Mol. Microbiol., 58: 1025−1038.
[9]
Gauthier, G., Lafay, B., Ruimy, R., Breittmayer, V., Nicolas, J.L., Gauthier, M. & Christen, R. ,1995. Small-subunit rRNA sequences and whole DNA relatedness concur for the reassignment of Pasteurella piscicida (Snieszko et al.) Janssen and Surgalla to the genus Photobacterium as Photobacterium damsela subsp. piscicida comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 45: 139-144.
[10]
Koneman, E.W., Allen, S.D., Dowell, V.R., Janda, W.M., Sommers, H.M., Winn, W.C., 1988. Diagnostic Microbiology, 3rd edu. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.
[11]
Kothary, M.H. & Kreger, A.S., 1985. Purification and characterization of an extracellular cytolysin produced by Vibrio damsela. Infection and Immunity 49: 25-31.
[12]
Kreger,A.S.,Bernheimer, A.W., Etkin, L.A. & Daniel, L.W. ,1987.Phospholipase D activity of Vibrio damsela cytolysin and its interaction with sheep erythrocytes. Infection and Immunity 55: 3209-3212.
[13]
Kubota, S., Kimura, M., Egusa, S., 1970. Studies on ‘bacterial tuberculoidosis’ in cultured yellowtail. I. Symptomatology and histopathology. Fish Pathol., 4: 111-118.
[14]
Kusuda, R., Miura, W., 1972. Characterization of Pasteurella sp. pathogenic for pond cultured ayu. Fish Pathol., 7: 51-57.
[15]
Kusuda, R., Salati, F., 1993. Major bacterial diseases affecting mariculture in Japan. Annu Rev Fish Dis 3:69-85.
[16]
Kusuda,R., Yamaoka.M.,1972. Etiological studies on bacterial pseudotuberculosis in cultured yellowtail with Pasteurella piscicida as the causative agent. I. On the morphological and biochemical properties. Bull Jpn Soc Sci Fish 38: 1325-1332.
[17]
Labella, A., Berbel, C., Manchado, M. ,Castro, D., Borrego, J.J., 2011. Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae, an Emerging Pathogen Affecting New Cultured Marine Fish Species in Southern Spain, Recent Advances in Fish Farms, Dr. Faruk Aral (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-759-8, InTech.
[18]
Liu P.C., Cheng, C.F., Chang, C.H., Lin,S.L.,2011.Highly virulent Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida isolated from Taiwan paradise fish, Macropodus opercularis (L.), in Taiwan.` African Journal of Microbiology Research . 5(15: 2107-2113.
[19]
Muroga, K., Sugiyama, T., Ueki, N. 1977. Pasteurellosis in cultured black sea bream Mylio macrocephalus. J. Faculty Fisheries Anim. Husb., Hiroshima University 16: 17−21.
[20]
Nicky, B. B., 2004. Bacteria from Fish and Other Aquatic Animals ,CABI :Publishing CAB International Wallingford Oxfordshire OX10 8DE.UK., 357.
[21]
Ohnishi, K., Watanabe, K., Jo, Y., 1982. Pasteurella infection in young black seabream. Fish Pathol., 16: 207−210.
[22]
Romalde, J.L., Magarinos ,B.,1997) Immunization with bacterial antigens: pasteurellosis. In: Gudding R. Lillehaug A, Midtling PJ, Brown F (eds) F~s hv accinology. Development in Biological Standardlzatlon, Vol90. Karger, Basel, p 167-177.
[23]
Ruimy, R., Breittmayer, V., Elbaze, P., Lafay, B., Boussemart, O., Gauthier, M. & Christen, R. ,1994. Phylogenetic analysis and assessment of the genera Vibrio, Photobacterium, Aeromonas and Plesiomonas deduced from small subunit rRNA sequences. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 44: 416-426.
[24]
Reyad, H., and Salah, M. ,2008.Photobacteriosis in some wild and cultured freshwater fishes in Egypt .International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture 2008 :1121-1128
[25]
Smith, S.K., Sutton, D.C., Fuerst, J.A. & Reichelt, J.L., 1991. Evaluation of the genus Listonella and reassignment of Listonella damselae (Love et al.) MacDonell and Colwell to the genus Photobacterium as Photobacterium damselae comb. nov. with an emended description. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 41: 529-534..
[26]
Snieszko, S..F, Bullock, G.L., Hollis E, Boone .J.G., 1964. Pasteurella species from an epizootic of white perch (Roccus americanus) in Chesapeake Bay tidewater areas. J. Bacteriol., 88: 1814-1815.
[27]
Stephens, F.J., Raidal, S.R., Buller, N., Jones, B. 2006. Infection with Photobacterium damselae subspecies damselae and Vibrio harveyi in snapper, Pagrus auratus with bloat. Aust Vet J. 2006 May;84(5):173-7.
[28]
Suomalainen,L.R., Tiirola, M., Valtonen, E.T., 2005. Influence of rearing conditions on Flavobacterium columnaris infection of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Journal of Fish Diseases, 28(5), 271-27.
[29]
Toranzo, A. E., Barja, J. L., Potter, S. A., Colwell, R. R., Hetrick,F. M,, Crosa, J. H. ,1983.. Molecular factors associated with virulence of marine vibrios isolated from striped bass in Chesapeake Bay. Infect. Immun. 39: 1220-1227.
[30]
Toranzo, A.E., Barreiro, S., Casal, J.F., Figueras, A., Magariños, B., Barja ,J.L., 1991. Pasteurellosis in cultured gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata): first report in Spain. Aquaculture, 99: 1−15..
[31]
Tung, M.C., Tsai, S.S., Ho, L.f., Chen, S.C. ,1985. An acute septicemic infection of Pasteurella organism in pond-cultured Formosa snake-head fish (Channa maculata Lacepede) in Taiwan. Fish Pathol., 20: 143-148.
[32]
Ueki N., Kayano ,Y., Muroga, K., 1990. Pasteurella piscicida in juvenile red grouper. Fish Pathol., 25: 43-44.
[33]
Yasunaga, N., Hatai, K., Tsukahara, J., 1983. Pasteurella piscicida from an epizootic of cultured red sea bream. Fish Pathol., 18: 107-110.
[34]
Yasunaga, N., Yasumoto, S., Hirakawa, E., Tsukahara, J., 1984. On a massive mortality of oval file fish (Navodan modestus) caused by Pasteurella piscicida. Fish Pathol., 19: 51-55.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186