A Physical Rehabilitation Program with a Methodical Basis and what it Means for Young Athletes with Mild Myopia and Spasm of Accommodation
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Sep. 15, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 8, 2014;
Published: Oct. 17, 2014
Views 3436 Downloads 184
Efim Shmakov, Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Chair of Physical Rehabilitation and Physical Culture, Moscow, Russia
Kozyreva Olga Vladimirovna, Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Chair of Physical Rehabilitation and Physical Culture, Moscow, Russia
Follow on us
The aim of this well-thought and complex physical rehabilitation program is to expand the body-motor activity of young athletes with mild myopia. It increases one’s body-resistance to external conditions. It enhances the way the bodily-organs and the whole body function. It has been found out that students with myopia are lagging behind in physical and motor development in comparison with healthy students. This study is about the characteristics of training and education of children with myopia, mainly school age or preschool children, and also young athletes with visual impairments, particularly school children who have mild myopia. Research and practice have confirmed that an improved condition of the health of students, who participated at this coaching program, took place most successfully, if the lessons were conducted by a complex method, and when there were used a variety of means. In this regard, there is reason to believe that the process of normalization and correction of physical development of students with visual impairment is possible through a complex interaction of various means of physical rehabilitation, according to how these are matched to the peculiarities of health, visual impairment, physical development, physical fitness and projected future professional activities of individual school children. The content and duration of class-time was rigorously determined, when this physical rehabilitation program was conducted. It was understood that the basis of a sequential process of physical rehabilitation is a systematic and a continuous operation, if was expected a strengthening and improvement of the functionality of the growing body of a school child. To achieve this, it had to include a comprehensive physical rehabilitation program for children from 8 to15 years, with mild myopia and spasm of accommodation. This comprehensive program of physical rehabilitation includes the following components. 1. Physiotherapy sessions, which consist of general developmental and special exercises with different gym-gear and fitness equipment. 2.Recreational and educational games; 3.Breathing exercises; 4. Relaxation exercises; 5.Do-it-yourself eye-massage techniques; 6. Do-it-yourself special physical exercises.
Physical Rehabilitation, Physical Therapy Technique, General Developmental and Special Exercises, Myopia, Young Athletes
To cite this article
Kozyreva Olga Vladimirovna,
A Physical Rehabilitation Program with a Methodical Basis and what it Means for Young Athletes with Mild Myopia and Spasm of Accommodation, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue: Marine Biology.
Vol. 3, No. 1-1,
2015, pp. 1-5.
Avetisov E.S. Myopia / Avetisov E.S, Matz K.A. - 2nd ed., Rev. and add. Moscow, 2002. - 284.
I.A. Akhmadullina, Physical education of visually impaired students from a specialized secondary educational institution: Author. diss ... kand.ped.nauk. / IA Akhmadullina. - Naberezhnye Chelny, 2011. - 25.
Buylova L.A. Application of a game method in physical education: Author. dis ... cand. ped. Science / L.A. Buylova. - Malahovka: MGAFK 2004. - 21.
Evseev, S.P. Adaptive physical education / S.P. Evseev, Shapkova L.V. M.Sovetsky sport, 2000. - 238.
Czepita D, Lodygowska E, Czepita M. Are children with myopia more intelligent? A literature review. / Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2008, 54 (1) :13-6.
Rose KA, Morgan IG, Ip J, Kifley A, Huynh S, Smith W, Mitchell P. Outdoor activity reduces the prevalence of myopia in children. / Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115 (8) :1279-85.
Walline JJ, Lindsley K, Vedula SS, Cotter SA, Mutti DO, Twelker JD. Interventions to slow progression of myopia in children. / Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Dec 7, (12): CD004916.
Deere K, Williams C, Leary S, Mattocks C, Ness A, Blair SN, Riddoch C. Myopia and later physical activity in adolescence: a prospective study. // Br J Sports Med. 2009 Jul;43(7):542-4. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.049288.
Guggenheim JA, Northstone K, McMahon G, Ness AR, Deere K, Mattocks C, Pourcain BS, Williams C. Time outdoors and physical activity as predictors of incident myopia in childhood: a prospective cohort study. // Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 May 14;53(6):2856-65.
Ngo CS, Pan CW, Finkelstein EA, Lee CF, Wong IB, Ong J, Ang M, Wong TY, Saw SM. A cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating an incentive-based outdoor physical activity programme to increase outdoor time and prevent myopia in children. // Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2014 May;34(3):362-8.
Read SA, Collins MJ, Vincent SJ. Light exposure and physical activity in myopic and emmetropic children. // Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Mar;91(3):330-41.