American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 127-134
Received: May 9, 2020;
Accepted: May 28, 2020;
Published: Sep. 3, 2020
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Atef Shahin, Wheat Diseases Research Department, Plant Pathology Research Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt
Mamdouh Ashmawy, Wheat Diseases Research Department, Plant Pathology Research Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt
Walid El-Orabey, Wheat Diseases Research Department, Plant Pathology Research Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt
Samar Esmail, Wheat Diseases Research Department, Plant Pathology Research Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt
The production loss in eight local wheat cultivars was estimated under yellow rust disease pressure at four locations of northern Egypt during 2017/2018 and 2018/19 growing seasons. Considerable disease pressure, as revealed by final rust severity (%), was observed at all locations with a maximum value (100%) in northern Egypt. The tested wheat cultivars were evaluated at the adult plant stage under field conditions using two epidemiological parameters final rust severity (FRS%) and area under disease progression curve (AUDPC). Final rust severity ranged from 5% to 100% for the tested cultivars. AUDPC ranged from 260 to 2800 at Sakha, 115 to 2800 at El- Gemmeiza, 115 to 2600 at Itay El-Baroud, and 115 to 2600 at Shebin El-Koum during the two growing seasons. The values of FRS (%) and AUDPC during the first season were less than those in the second season. Losses in grain yield per plot ranged from 2.72% to 37.72% during the first season and 6.18% to 69.33% in the second season at the Delta region. The highest grain yield losses were recorded with wheat cvs.; Gemmeiza 11 (64.20%), followed by Misr 1 (62.38%), as well as for Misr 2 (57.66%) and Sids 12 (50.89%). While, the lowest loss cvs.; was recorded in Misr 3 and Giza 171, as it was 7.65% and 9.44%, respectively. Regarding yield losses in the 1000 kernel weight, wheat cvs.; Misr 3 showed the lowest value of loss i.e. 1.71%, while Gemmeiza 11 showed the highest loss i.e. 39.67% during 2018/2019 growing season. A significal positive correlation was found between yield losses and each of final rust severity (%) and area under disease progression curve (AUDPC). These results would serve as a fruitful tool in the national wheat breeding program for yellow rust resistance, in Egypt.
Yield Losses in Wheat Caused by Stripe Rust (Puccinia striiformis) in Egypt, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 8, No. 5,
2020, pp. 127-134.
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