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Assessment of Factors Affecting Vaccine Cold Chain Management Practice in Bahir Dar City Health Institutions, 2019
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 107-113
Received: May 3, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 3, 2020; Published: Aug. 27, 2020
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Sileshi Mulatu, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir–Dar University, Bahir–Dar, Ethiopia
Getasew Tesfa, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir–Dar University, Bahir–Dar, Ethiopia
Habitamu Dinku, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir–Dar University, Bahir–Dar, Ethiopia
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Background: Vaccines are the only essential commodities that required their own specific supply chain system with storage of 2°C to 8°C. It is critical that they should be kept at appropriate temperatures during transit and storage. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess vaccines’ cold chain management practice at public health facilities in Bahir Dar City health institutions. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 5 to January 12 2019 in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Regional State, and Northwest Ethiopia. The information was collected by an interviewer administered, pre–tested and structured questionnaire in health center and hospital in Bahir Dar city. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. Descriptive statistics and Logistic regression analysis were carried out to identify factors related to the practice of cold chain management. Result: From a total of health facility 9 (64.3%) had functional thermometer, 14 (100%) had an electrical power source refrigerator, and 10 (71.4%) had functional generator for backup service. 9 (64.3%) had guide line in the facility. From a total of health facility 10 (71.4%) had monitor temperature twice daily in there facility. Among the factors, only work experience and level of knowledge on vaccine cold chain management had a statistically significant association with the practice of health workers on cold chain management. The adjusted model indicated that respondents who had good level knowledge were 2.6 times more likely to have proper cold chain management practice as compared with those who had not. Health workers whose work experience more than two years were about 5 times more likely to have proper practice on cold chain management compared to their counterpart with 95% 5.2 (1.4 -19.14) and 95% 1.97 (0.77-5.03). Conclusion and recommendation: Respondents had adequate knowledge and the cold chain equipment was not in a good condition and we would like to recommend On-going follow up should be given to continue their strength
Vaccine, Cold Chain, Cold Chain Management Practice
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Sileshi Mulatu, Getasew Tesfa, Habitamu Dinku, Assessment of Factors Affecting Vaccine Cold Chain Management Practice in Bahir Dar City Health Institutions, 2019, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 107-113. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20200805.14
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