Assessment of Potential and Constraints of Honey Production in Godere District, Southwest Ethiopia
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 120-127
Received: Sep. 17, 2019;
Accepted: Nov. 4, 2019;
Published: Dec. 2, 2019
Views 380 Downloads 127
Gemechis Legesse Yadeta, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Holeta Bee Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia
The study was conducted in Godere district, southwestern Ethiopia to assess the potential, opportunities and constraints in honey production. 120 beekeepers were selected and interviewed from two kebeles using semi structured questionnaire. Participatory discussions with key informant at village levels and Zone and District level bee experts and extension workers were also held to generate primary data. All the interviewed household heads were male headed, with average age of 37.42 years. The average number of traditional beehive holding was 28.4. It was found out that there are two to three honey production seasons in the district. The average productivity of colonies in traditional log beehives was 24.2+9.33. The major opportunities to engage on honeybee beekeeping were long beekeeping experience, existence of huge natural resource that includes honeybee flora, honeybee colonies, high productivity and increasing demand of honey in the area. About 93.25% of their produce (totally crude honey) was sold in nearby markets. 94.4% of respondents sold their honey immediately after harvest, while the remaining 5.6% stored for more than a month. 76.2% of the producers largely sold their honey in the nearest local market, only less than 24% of the respondents transport their honey to Meti town. The price difference between the village market and Meti was as high as 70%. The major honey buyers reported by the producers are the collectors (82.45%) and tej brewers (16.32%) in Godere district. Generally, the honey production system in the area is traditional forest beekeeping with a lot of constraints. Therefore, it needs systematic approach to tackle all the problems in the whole system starting from input supply all along to marketing. Provision of extension services to upgrade knowledge, develop skills and introduction of improved technologies needs due attention.
Gemechis Legesse Yadeta,
Assessment of Potential and Constraints of Honey Production in Godere District, Southwest Ethiopia, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 7, No. 6,
2019, pp. 120-127.
Adgaba N. Atlas of pollen grains of major honeybee flora of Ethiopia. Holeta Bee Research Centre. Commercial Printing Enterprise. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp 152. 2007.
CSA. Statistical Abstracts. Central Statistical Agency. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2017.
MoARD. Livestock Development Master Plan Study. Phase I Report - Data Collection and Analysis, Volume N - Apiculture. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. 2007.
FAO. Statistical yearbook, FAOSAT. 2008.
Assefa M. Pro-poor value chains to make market more inclusive for the rural poor: Lessons from the Ethiopian honey value chain. Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, Denmark. Pp. 35–50. 2011.
GDS. Integrated Value Chain Analyses for Honey and Beeswax Production in Ethiopia and Prospects for Exports. The Netherlands Development Organization (SNV). 2009.
Igram, V. Bees, Trade - and Success. LEISA Yaounde, Cameroon, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), c/o IITA Humid Forest Ecoregional Centre, B. P. 2008.
Legesse G. Honey production and marketing in Ethiopia. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 2016: 7: 248–253.
CSA. Statistical Abstracts. Central Statistical Agency. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2013.
GDARDO. Godere District Agricultural and Rural Development Office, Annual report, Metti, Ethiopia. 2011.
Alemu B, Hundera K, Abera B. Floristic composition and structural analysis of Gelesha forest, Gambella regional State, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 2015: 7: 218–227.
Yeshitela K. Effects of anthopogenic disturbance on the diversity of Foliicolus lichens in tropical rainforests of East Africa: Godere (Ethiopia), Budongo (Uganda) and Kakamega (Kenya). Cuvillier Verlag Gottingen. Pp 173. 2008.
Kinati C, Tolemariam T, Debele K. Assessment of Honey Production and Marketing System in Gomma District, South Western Ethiopia. Greener Journal of Business and Management Studies, 2013: 3: 99-107.
Shibru D, Asebe G, Megersa E. Identifying Opportunities and Constraints of Beekeeping: The Case of Gambella Zuria and Godere Districts, Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia. Entomology, Ornithology and Herpetology: Current Research, 2016: 5: 1–6.
Tesfa A, Ejigu K, Kebede A. Assessment of Current Beekeeping Management Practice and Honey Bee Floras of Western Amhara, Ethiopia. Inter J Agri Biosci, 2013: 2: 196–201.
Belie T. Honeybee production and marketing systems, constraints and opportunities in Burie District of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Animal Science and Technology, School of Graduate Studies, Bahir Dar University. Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. 2009.
Abebe A. Market chain analysis of honey production: in Atsbi Wemberta district, Eastern Zone of Tigray National Regional State. A Thesis Submitted to College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, School of Graduate Studies Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia. 2009.
Adgaba N, Hepburn, HR. Pollen grains of some poisonous bee plants of Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 37th International Apiculture Congress, 28 October-1 November, 2001, Durban, South Africa. 2001.
Gichora M. Towards Realization of Kenya’s Full Beekeeping Potential: a Case Study of Baringo district. Ecology and Development Series No. 6, 2003. Cuvillier Verlag Gottingen, Germany. 2003.
Awraris G, Hailemariam G, Dejen A, Zerihun T. Physico-Chemical properties of honey produced in Masha, Gesha and Sheko districts in Southwestern Ethiopia. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 2014: 1: 110–116.
Hartmann, I. The management of resources and marginalization in beekeeping Societies of South West Ethiopia. Paper submitted to the conference: Bridge Scales and Epistemologies. Alexandria. P. 1. 2004.
Alemu T, Seifu E, Bezabih A. Postharvest handling, opportunities and constraints to honey production in northern Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 2015: 27 (5).
Tadesse B, Phillips D. Ensuring small scale producers in Ethiopia to achieve sustainable and fair access to honey markets. Paper prepared for International Development Enterprises (IDE) and Ethiopian Society for Appropriate Technology (ESAT). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp 1–64. 2007.