Contemporary Definitions of Hypoglycemia as Frequent and Dangerous Syndrome and Coma
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 83-90
Received: Sep. 27, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 17, 2019; Published: Oct. 29, 2019
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Vyacheslav Semionovish Lukyanchikov, Medical Centre "Medstyle-Effect", Moscow, Russia
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A decrease in blood glucose is a frequent and dangerous violation of the most important part of homeostasis - energy. The high frequency of hypoglycemia is explained by a pathogenetic relationship with many diseases and syndromes, as well as the important role of hypoglycemia as a physiological regulator of energy metabolism. The danger of hypoglycemia is that glucose is actually the only source of energy for nerve structures and a lack of glucose could lead to their damage. In addition, deep hypoglycemia and low glucose concentration in brain cells could lead to cerebral edema. Analyzes of the respectful literature for a 20-year period, as well as my own clinical experience, including the work as an endocrinologist surgeon. The article presents the definitions of hypoglycemia, the typology of the syndrome in terms of causes, development mechanisms and clinical forms, also issues of the clinic and laboratory diagnostics are defined. Algorithms for the treatment of hypoglycemic coma and pathogenetic diagnosis of the main variants of hypoglycemia are proposed. Hypoglycemic syndrome [HS] and hypoglycemic coma [HC] are frequent clinical and laboratory paroxysms, especially among patients with diabetes mellitus. These conditions are of great danger to the health and even to the lives of patients, and require quick, qualified help.
Hypoglycemia, Glycopenia, Hypoglycemic Coma, Urgent Endocrinopathies
To cite this article
Vyacheslav Semionovish Lukyanchikov, Contemporary Definitions of Hypoglycemia as Frequent and Dangerous Syndrome and Coma, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2019, pp. 83-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20190705.11
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