American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 145-149
Received: May 16, 2017;
Accepted: May 31, 2017;
Published: Oct. 2, 2017
Views 2707 Downloads 89
Mulatu Aberra Ebsa, Sinana Agricultural Research Centre, Cereal Crop Research, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia; Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tilahun Bayisa Worku, Sinana Agricultural Research Centre, Cereal Crop Research, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia; Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tesfaye Letta Dugo, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Ethiopia has suitable environmental condition for emmer wheat production. However, the productivity of emmer wheat is very low as compared with world average due to lack of stable, improved seed and poor agronomic managements. Therefore, the objective of the study was to evaluate the promising genotypes and verify the most stable, uniform, high yielding and disease resistant emmer wheat for highland areas of Bale. The materials were crossed at Sinana Agricultural Research Center; i.e. emmer wheat crossed with durum to improve yield and thresh ability of emmer wheat. The experiment was carried out at two locations namely Sinana and Goba. Including checks 15 genotypes have been evaluated in three replicated of randomized complete block design (RCBD). The trial was studied for three consecutive years (2013, 2014 and 2015) main cropping seasons. After evaluation of genotypes across location and years, Haydaroo was selected and verified for one year (2016) at multilocation. Haydaroo is a common name given for the newly released emmer wheat variety that a pedigree designation of “Sinana_01 x DZ2212//Sinana_01”. Haydaroo (Sinana_01x DZ2212//Sinana_01) had above average yield performance in most tested environments, out yielded for Sinana-01 and Local check varieties. The mean average grain yield of Haydaroo is 30.24 quintal per hector. It is stabile and uniform across locations. Finally, it was evaluated by National Variety Releasing Committee and recommended for release in 2017 for high lands of Bale and similar agro-ecologies.
Mulatu Aberra Ebsa,
Tilahun Bayisa Worku,
Tesfaye Letta Dugo,
Registration of “Haydaroo” Newly Released Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum L.) Variety for Bale Highland Areas, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 5,
2017, pp. 145-149.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Feldman M. & Sears E. R. (1981). The wild gene resources of wheat. Scientific American 244, 102–112.
Golenberg E. M. (1987) Estimation of gene flow and genetic neighborhood size by indirect methods in selfing annual, Triticum dicoccoides. Evolution 41, 1326–1334.
HAMMER, K. PERINNO, P., 1995-Plant genetic resources in South Italy and Sicily: studies towards in situ and on farm conservation. Plant Genetic resources Newsletter, 103, p.19-23.
Kimber G and Sears ER. 1987. Evolution in the genus Triticum and the origin of cultivated wheat. In: Wheat and Wheat Improvement, 2nd ed (Heyne EG ed). Am Soc Agron, Madison, WI. Pp. 154-164.
Marconi E, Carcea M, Graziano M, Cubadda R (1999): Kernel properties and pasta-making quality of fi ve European spelt wheat (Triticum spelta L.) cultivars. Cereal Chem 76:25–29.
Marconi M., Cubadda R. (2005): Emmer Wheat. In: Abdel-Aal E.-S. M., Wood P. (eds.): Specialty Grains for Food and Feed. American Association of Cereal Chemists, St.Paul, 63–108.
McFadden E. S. & Seares E. R. (1946). The origin of Triticum spelta and its free-threshing hexaploid relatives. Journal of Heredity 37, 81–89.
Morris, R. and E. R. Sears. 1967. The cytogenetics of wheat and its relatives. In: K. S. Quesenberry and L. P. Reitz (eds.), Wheat and wheat improvement. Agron. Monog. 13. Am. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI.
Nevo E., Korol A. B., Beiles A. & Fahima T. (2002) Evolution of Wild Emmer and Wheat Improvement: Population Genetics, Genetic Resources, and Genome Organization of Wheat's Progenitor, Triticum dicoccoides. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
Perrino P, Fares C. 2003. Assessment of genetic diversity and characterization of Italian emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccum Schübler) populations. Proc. 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, September 1-6, Paestum, Italy, 2: 506–508.
Strehlow W, Hertzka G, Weuffen W. 1994. Aspetti nutrizionali. Le caratteristiche dietetiche del farro nel trattamento di malattie croniche. – In: Perrino P, Semeraro D & Laghetti G (eds). Convegno "Il farro un cereale della salute", Potenza, p. 52-66.
Vita P., Riefolo C., Codianni P., Cattivelli L., Fares C. (2006): Agronomic and qualitative traits of T. turgidum ssp. Dicoccum genotypes cultivated in Italy. Euphytica, 150: 195–205.
Yadawad A, Hanchinal R R, Nadaf H L, Desai S A, Suma Biradar , Rudra Naik V. 2015. Genetic variability for yield parameters and rust resistance in f2 population of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The Bioscan, 10(2): 707-710.
Zaharieva M., Ayana N. G., Al Hakimi A., Misra S. C., MonneveuxP. (2010): Cultivated emmer wheat (Triticum diccocum Schrank), an old crop with a promising future: a review. Genetics Resources and Crop Evolution, 57: 937–962.
Zohary D. & Hopf M. (2000) Domestication of Plants in the Old World, 3rd edn, pp. 19–58. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.