American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 139-145
Received: Oct. 4, 2016;
Accepted: Oct. 22, 2016;
Published: Nov. 17, 2016
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Doris Besem Arrey, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, City of Buea, Cameroon
Afui Mathias Mih, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, City of Buea, Cameroon
Etake Sylvie Essomo, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, City of Buea, Cameroon
Sugarcane is losing its diversity owing to the many uses including biofuel production and genetic erosion. This study was carried out to collect sugarcane germplasm in Western Cameroon and to identify their uses and possible genetic erosion. Information was gathered from selected villages in two agro-ecological zones in Western Cameroon. The data were gathered through questionnaire, interviews and group discussion with pre-identified informants in the study area. Field trips were made to sugarcane fields to observe sugarcane landraces. A total of 290 questionnaires were distributed out to 203 males and 87 females of diverse age groups between 20 and 70 years. Majority of the population interviewed (37.9%) were between the age 41 and 50 years. Eighty three percent of the population had attained primary education and were knowledgeable on sugarcane plant. Five sugarcane landraces were identified in the study. The landraces included ‘Buea sugarcane’, ‘Strong canda’, ‘Strong bark’, ‘Yellow cane’ and ‘Bakweri sugarcane’. These canes had varied uses ranging from food to medicine. The highest fidelity value was recorded by ‘Buea sugarcane’. There was genetic erosion of this plant due to lack of market, shortage of land, diseases and introduction of improved cash crops. The tendency of the uses of local sugarcanes in this study area point out that sugarcane plays a major role in the lives of the population. To minimize dangers of the emerging uses of sugarcane as biofuel and the threat to genetic erosion, the existing biodiversity needs to be conserved.
Doris Besem Arrey,
Afui Mathias Mih,
Etake Sylvie Essomo,
Sugarcane Germplasm Collection in Western Cameroon, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2016, pp. 139-145.
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