Zoobenthos in the Xhimojay Dam, State of Mexico
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 175-183
Received: Apr. 27, 2015; Accepted: May 4, 2015; Published: May 19, 2015
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Asela Del Carmen Rodríguez-Varela, Faculty of Higher Study Iztacala, UNAM, Tlalnepantla, Mexico
Adolfo Cruz-Gómez, Faculty of Higher Study Iztacala, UNAM, Tlalnepantla, Mexico
Horacio Vázquez-López, Faculty of Higher Study Iztacala, UNAM, Tlalnepantla, Mexico
Mitzi Alejandra Fonseca-Romero, Faculty of Higher Study Iztacala, UNAM, Tlalnepantla, Mexico
Ana Laura Grimaldo-Bahena, Faculty of Higher Study Iztacala, UNAM, Tlalnepantla, Mexico
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Monthly samplings were carried out during 2013 in the Xhimojay dam, Jilotepec, Estado de Mexico with the objective of determine changes in the composition and abundance of zoobenthos throughout time and its relationship with environmental conditions of their habitat. The organisms were collected performing trawls 1 m2. The samples were sieved and the obtained organisms were placed in vials for fixing. The different groups were identified to a permissible level, organisms each taxa were counted and weighed. 19 orders belonging to nine classes were identified, the insects were the group with highest richness, Order hemiptera were more abundant (29.81%) and decapods were the most ecologically important for the system (89.83%). Diversity (0.7 decits) and evenness (0.63), although on average it is low, is normal for this type of systems and presented variations during the year, mainly due to the rainy and dry seasons, registering in August the highest value (H´= 0.9117 decits and J´= 0.7751) and in February the lowest value (H´= 0.4949 decits and J´ =0.4753). Distribution, presence and abundance of zoobenthos, is changing along the year due to the biology of each of the groups, as well as variations in the volume of water in the system due to the seasonality of rainfall and dry and use of this body of water for agriculture, livestock and domestic use, therefore, the factors that most determine the distribution and abundance of the zoobenthos, were depth, pH, and transparency.
Zoobenthos, Abundance, Richness, Composition, Distribution, Dominance, Dam
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Asela Del Carmen Rodríguez-Varela, Adolfo Cruz-Gómez, Horacio Vázquez-López, Mitzi Alejandra Fonseca-Romero, Ana Laura Grimaldo-Bahena, Zoobenthos in the Xhimojay Dam, State of Mexico, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 175-183. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20150303.18
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