Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Faecal droppings of Swine in Pankshin Urban, Pankshin Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 119-122
Received: Aug. 3, 2013;
Accepted: May 20, 2014;
Published: Apr. 10, 2015
Views 4989 Downloads 252
Agumah Nnabuife Bernard, Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi state University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Daminabo V., Department of Microbiology Rivers State College of Arts and Sciences, Rivers State, Nigeria
Ekam E., Federal School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Plateau State, Nigeria
Okonkwo E. C., Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi state University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Nwuzo A. C., Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi state University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Afiukwa F. N., Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi state University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Agah M. V., Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi state University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
A total of 240 faecal samples of swine from Pankshin urban was collected and examined for the incidence of intestinal parasites. A total prevalence rate of 32.5% was recorded. With respect to location, Special site recorded the highest prevalence (10%) while Yimtul recorded the lowest prevalence (6.67%). Based on incidence of individual species Ascaris suum recorded the highest prevalence while Strongyloides recorded the lowest prevalence (1.9%). The outdoor method of pig breeding in most areas of Pankshin was assumed to be a major factor in the distribution of these parasites since pigs are raised for both commercial and subsistent purpose.
Agumah Nnabuife Bernard,
Okonkwo E. C.,
Nwuzo A. C.,
Afiukwa F. N.,
Agah M. V.,
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Faecal droppings of Swine in Pankshin Urban, Pankshin Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 119-122.
Anderson, T.J., Jaenike J. (1997). Host specificity, evolutionary relationships and macro geographic differentiation among Ascaris populations from humans and pigs.Parasitology 115:325-342.
Atwill E.R., Sweitzer R.A., Pereira M.G., Gardner I.A., Van vuren D., and Boyce W.M. (1997).Prevalence and risk factors for shedding Crytosporidiumoocysts and Giardia cysts within feral pigs. Applied and environmental microbiology 63:3946-3949.
Boes J, Willingham III A. L., Shi F. H., Hu X.G., Eriksen L., Nansen P., Stewart T. B. (2000). Prevalence and distribution of pig helminths in the Dongting Lake Region (Human Province) of the People’s Republic of China. J. Helminthol. 74:45-52.
Bornay F. J., Navarro L., Garcia-Orenes F., Araex H., Perez-Murcia M.D., and Moral R., (2009).Department of Agrochemistry and environment. University Miguel Hernandez de Elche, Spain. f.bornay@ umh.es
Burton C.H., Turner, C. (2003). Health risks from pathogens in livestock manure. In manure management treatment strategies for sustainable agriculture. ED. Silcos Research Institute, UK. 451pp.
Imperato S., Foresi C., Martinetto P., (1968). Comparative analysis of antigen constitution of Ascaris lumbricoids var hominis and varsuum. Revista dell’ instituto sieroterapico Italiano.43; 253-60.
Joachim A., Dulmer N., Dangschies A., Roepstorff A (2001). Occurrence of helminths in pig fattening units with different management systems in Northern Germany. Vet. Parasitol. 96:135-146.
Kumar S., Prasad K. D., Singh S. K., Kumar S (2002). Prevalence of common gastrointestinal parasites in pigs at and around Ranchi, Jharhand. Ind. J. Anim. Sci. 72:35-37.
Kurimoto H. (1974). Morphological, biochemical and immunological studies on the differences between Ascaris lumbricoids; Linnaeus 1758 and Ascaris suum;Goaze 1782.Japanese Journal of parasitology 23:251-67.
Lindergard G., Wade S. E, Schaaf S., Barwick R. S., Mohammed H. O. (2001) Detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in soil samples by enzyme-linked immunoassay. Vet parasitol. 94:163-176.
Mawdsley J., Brooks A., Merry R. (1996) Movement of protozoan pathogen Cryptosporidium parvum through three contrasting soil types. Biol. Fert. Soils, 21:30-36.
Myer R.O., Walker W. R. (1999) Controlling Internal parasites of Swine. Cooperative Extension service.Institute of food and Agricultural services. Florida
Ngowi H. A., Kassuku A. A., Maeda G. E, Boa M. E, Willingham A. L (2004). A slaughter slab survey for extra-intestinal porcine helminth infections in Northern Tanzania. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 36:335-340.
Nsoso S. J., Mosala K. P., Ndebele R. T., Ramabu S. S (2000). The prevalence of internal and external parasites in pigs of different ages and sexes in southeast district, Botswana. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 67:217-220.
Olson M. E., Thorlakson C. L., Deselliers L., Morck D. W., McAllister T.A. (1997) Giardia and cryptosporidium in Canadian farm animals. Veterinary parasitology 68:375-381
Otuma M. O., Uchewa E. N. (2009). Evaluation of the Production Characteristics of West African Dwarf and West African × Red Sokoto Goats of Nigeria. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN) held at Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria. pp. 622-625.
Smith J. D. (1996) Animal parasitology. Cambridge university press
Steenhard N. R., Storey P. A., Yelifari L., Pit D. S., Nansen P., Polderman A. M. (2000). The role of pigs as transport hosts of the human helminths Oesophagostomum bifurcum and Necator americanus. Acta Trop. 76(2):125-130.
Tamboura H. H., Banga-Mboko H., Maes D., Youssao I, Traore A, Bayala B, Dembele MA (2006). Prevalence of common gastrointestinal nematode parasites in scavenging pigs of different ages and sexes in Eastern Centre Province, Burkina Faso. Onderskpoort J. Vet. Res. 73:53-60.
United States department of Agriculture. Report (2006)
Wagner B., Polly L (1997) Acarissuumprevalence and intensity: an abattoir survey of Market hogs in Saskatchewan.Veterinary parasitology 73:309-313.
Weng Y.B., Hu Y.J., Li Y., Li B.S., Lin R.Q., xie D. H., Gasser R. B., Zhu X.Q. (2004) Survey of intestinal parasites in pigs from intensive farms in Guangdong province, Peoples republic of China.Veterinary parasitology.wikipedia. 2009.