American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages: 184-188
Received: Jul. 15, 2013;
Published: Aug. 30, 2013
Views 3103 Downloads 139
Amitabh Saha, Department of Psychiatry, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India
Background- There have been few studies on relapse preventive strategies on people with alcohol dependence syndromes. There have been various factors for causes of relapse even after undergoing detoxification and other therapeutic measures. The use of anticraving medications and psychotherapy have been the common modalities used in the management of people dependent on alcohol.. Methods- 100 cases diagnosed with alcohol dependence syndrome were placed into two separate groups of fifty each. One group was placed on anticraving medication, Tab Acamprosate, and the other group was maintained on psychotherapy sessions. They were followed up at 0, 6 and 12 month period. Scales were used to screen alcohol dependence (ADS, Brief MAST) and a scale specifically designed for the Indian people were used to assess stressful life events (AFMC Life Events Scale). Results- Relapse rates were ascertained at the given time of follow up. Analysis revealed that a total of 09 cases relapsed in this one year period. The relapse rates were higher in the first six months after therapy than in the later follow up period. 06 cases that relapsed were from psychotherapy group and the remaining 03cases were from the group receiving anticraving medications. But the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. Various stressful events were highlighted using Marlatt’s taxonomy for causes of relapse. Conclusions- Relapse rate was commoner in the initial months after undergoing detoxification therapy. Anticraving medication was in no way superior to a structured psychotherapy sessions in relapse prevention.
A Study on Relapse Prevention in Cases of Alcohol Dependence Syndrome, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 1, No. 4,
2013, pp. 184-188.
Allchin FR. India: The home of distillation? Man 1979; 14: 55-63.
Tempesta, E., Janiri, L., Bignamini, A., Chabac, S. and Potgieter, A. (2000) Acamprosate and relapse prevention in the treatment of alcohol dependence: Alcohol &Alcoholism35, 202–209.
Poldrugo F. (1997) Acamprosate treatment in a long-term community based alcohol rehabilitation programme. Addiction 92, 1537–1546.
Soyka, M., Preuss, U. and Schuetz, C. (2002) Use of acamprosate and different kinds of psychosocial support in relapse prevention of alcoholism. Results from a non-blind, multicenter study. Drugs R&D 3, 1–12.
Volpicelli JR, Pettinati HM, McLellan AT, O’Brien CP (eds): Combining Medication and Psychosocial Treatments for Addiction—The Brenda Approach. New York, Guilford, 2001
MSVK Raju, Chaudhary S, K Srivastava, S K Salujha. Quantification of stressful life events in service personnel. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 2001, 43(3):213-218.
Singh G. Epidemiology of Alcohol use in India. Use of MAST, bMAST, AUDIT In: Ray R, Pickers RW (editors). Proceedings of the Indo-US Symposium on Alcohol and Drug Abuse. NIMHANS Publication No. 20. 1989; 3-11.
Sadava, S.W., & Pak A.W. Stress-related problem drinking and alcohol problems: A longitudinal study and extension of Marlatt's model. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science 1993, 25(3): 446-464.
Pohorecky, L.A. Stress and alcohol interaction: An update of human research. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1991;15(3): 438-459,
Brown, S.A.; Vik, P.W.; Patterson, T.L.; Grant, I.; & Schuckit, M.A. Stress, vulnerability, and adult alcohol relapse. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1995. 56(5): 538-545.