Effect of Plant Feed Ingredients (Soybean and Sunflower Meal) on the Growth and Body Composition of Labeo Rohita
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 3, June 2013, Pages: 125-129
Received: May 23, 2013;
Published: Jun. 30, 2013
Views 2957 Downloads 177
Tooba Rehman, Department of Wildlife & Fisheries, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Farkhanda Asad, Department of Wildlife & Fisheries, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Noureen Aziz Qureshi, Department of Wildlife & Fisheries, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Shabnoor Iqbal, Department of Wildlife & Fisheries, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
A 90-day feeding try out was conducted to estimate the effect of test diet 1 (soybean meal), test diet 2 (sunflower meal) and reference diet on the growth and meat quality of Labeo rohita. Two replicates for each diet were followed. Fish fed on test diet 1 gained highest average body weight (5.75 ± 0.08g) followed by test diet 2 (4.72 ± 0.3g) and reference diet (2.88 ± 0.07g) and statistical differences among effects of three diets were highly significant. Similarly, average length obtained by rohu fingerlings was highest (5.2 ± 0.4 cm) on test diet 1 followed by test diet 2 (4.7 ± 0.45 cm) and reference diet (2.8 ± 0.05 cm) showing non-significant differences among diets. Dry matter, crude fat, ash and gross energy deposition was highest in experimental fish body raised on reference diet while ash content deposition was higher for test diet 1 compared to test diet 2 and gross energy retention for test diet 2 was better than test diet 1. These findings can be concluded as sunflower meal and soybean meal can be effectively used in the feed formulation of Labeo rohita replacing expensive fish meal.
Noureen Aziz Qureshi,
Effect of Plant Feed Ingredients (Soybean and Sunflower Meal) on the Growth and Body Composition of Labeo Rohita, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 1, No. 3,
2013, pp. 125-129.
M. A. Khan, A. K. Jafri, and N. K. Chadha, "Growth and body composition of Rohu, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), fed compound diet: winter feeding and rearing to marketable size". J. Appl. Ichthyol., vol. 20: 2004, pp. 265–270.
M. Ashraf, M. Ayub, and A. Rauf, "Effect of different feed ingredients and low temperature on diet acceptability, growth and survival of Mrigal, Cirrihinus mrigala fingerlings". Pak. J. Zool, vol. 40: 2008, pp. 83–90
U. Noreen, and M., Salim, "Determination of nutrient digestibility and amino acid availability of various feed ingredients for Labeo rohita". Int. J. Agr. Biol.,vol. 10: 2008, pp. 551–555
M. A. Khan,A. K. Jafri, N. K. Chadha, and N. Usmani, "Growth and body composition of Rohu (Labeo rohita) fed diets containing oil seed meals: partial or total replacement of fish meal with soybean meal". Aquac. Nutr., vol. 9: 2003, pp. 391-396.
R.B. Varsha, "Growth response of Labeo rohita (Hamilton) fry to soybean meal based diets". M.F.Sc. Thesis, pp:156. Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala.
M. Jindal, S.K. Garg, N.K. Yadava, and R.K. Gupta, "Effect of replacement of fishmeal with processed soybean on growth performance and nutrient retention in Channa punctatus (Bloch.) fingerlings". Livestock Research and Rural Development, vol. 19: 2007, pp: 165.
M. Bilguven, and M., Baris, "Effects of the feeds containing different plant protein sources on growth performance and body composition of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Turkish J Fish Aquat Sci., vol. 11: 2011, pp. 345–350.
K. Umer, M. Ali, , R. Iqbal A. Latif, M. Naeem, S. Qadir, M. Latif, R.S. Shaikh, and F. Iqbal, "Effect of various nutrient combinations on growth and body composition of Rohu (Labeo rohita)". Afr, J, Biotechnol, vol. 10: 2011, pp. 605–609.
M.G. Olvera-Novoa, L. Olivera-Castillo, and C.L. Martínez-Palacios, "Sunflower seed meal as a protein source in diets for tilapia rendalli fingerlings". Aquac. Res, vol. 33:2002, pp. 223–229.
L. Robaina,M.S. Izquiredo, F.J. Moyano, J. Socorro, J.M. Vergara, andD. Montero, "Increase of the diatary n-3/n-6 fatty acid ratio and addition of phosphorus improves liver histological alterations induces by feeding diets containing soybean meal to gilthead seabram Sparus aurata". Aquaculture, vol. 161: 1998, pp. 281– 293
G.W. Kissil, I. Lupatsch, D.A. Higgss, and R.W. Hardy, "Diatray substation of soy and rapeseed meal protein concentrates for fish meal and their utilization in gilthead seabram Sparus aurata". Aquac. Res, vol31: 2000, pp. 595– 601.
M. DE. Francesco, G. Paris, J. Perez-Sanchez, P. Gomez- Requeni, F. Medale, S.J. Kaushik, M. Mecatti, and B.M. Poli, "Effect of high level fish meal replacement by plant proteins in gilthead seabram Sparus aurataon growth and body/filet quality traits". Aquac. Nutr., vol. 13: 2007, pp. 361– 372
M.H. Zeitler.M. Kirchgessner, and F.J. Schwarz, "Effect of dietary protein and energy supplies on carcass composition of carp (Cyprinus carpio)". Aquaculture, vol. 36:1984, pp. 37–48.
Z. J. Cheng, and R. W. HARDY, "Apparent digestibility coefficients and nutritional value of cotton seed meal for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Aquaculture, vol. 212: 2002, pp. 361–372.
A. G. J. Tacon, M. Metian, and M. R. Hasan, "Feed ingredients and fertilizers for farmed aquatic animals: sources and composition". FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 540. 2009, Rome, Italy.