Evaluation of Effects of Supplementation of Sun-Dried Leaves of Mucuna Poggei on the Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Birds
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 3, June 2013, Pages: 82-87
Received: May 20, 2013;
Published: Jun. 10, 2013
Views 2982 Downloads 187
Oko A. O., Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053 Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Afiukwa, C. A., Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053 Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Ali F. U., Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053 Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Ahamefule K. A., Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053 Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Ezeonu, A. O., Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053 Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Nwoba S. T., Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053 Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
An eight week evaluation of the effects of supplementation of sun dried leaves of Mucuna poggei on the growth and carcass characteristics of broiler birds was carried out. Forty broiler birds (a day old) were grouped into four (10 birds each). The feed of groups A, B and C were supplemented with 20g, 30g and 40g of sun-dried leaves of Mucuna poggei respectively, while group D served as control. The weights of the broilers were taken three times in a week and their average weekly weights were obtained. At the end of the eighth week, the birds were euthanized and weight of different body parts taken to determine the quality of their meat and the characteristics their carcasses. The breast meats were used for drip and cooking loss determination. Results showed that the feed conversions as well as the growth rate of group B birds were the best, having a highest mean live-weight of 1797.67±7.37g. The group also had the most superior carcass characteristics and a few other qualities studied. This was followed by group A with a mean live-weight of 1700.50±4.20g, followed by group C (1550.67±6.03g) while group D (Control) had the least growth and mean live-weight of 1327.50±3.54g. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences (P<0.05) between group B and others. The implication is that at 30g daily supplementation rate, sun dried leaves of Mucuna poggei could be used to enhance the growth rate and carcass characteristics of birds with no deleterious effects. Also, leaves of Mucuna poggei could be sundried and used during the dry season. However there is need to subject Mucuna poggei leaves to processing methods that can reduce the antinutrients contents for more efficient utilization of its nutrients in broiler birds.
Oko A. O.,
Afiukwa, C. A.,
Ali F. U.,
Ahamefule K. A.,
Ezeonu, A. O.,
Nwoba S. T.,
Evaluation of Effects of Supplementation of Sun-Dried Leaves of Mucuna Poggei on the Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Birds, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 1, No. 3,
2013, pp. 82-87.
Afolabi, O. A., Oshuntogun, B. A., Adewesi, S. R., Fapojuwo, O. O., Grissom, F. E., and Oke, O. L. (2005). Preliminary Nutritional and Chemical Evaluation of Raw Leaves from Mucuna poggei. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 33, 122-124.
Awosanya, B., Joseph, J. K., Apata, D.F. and Ayoola, M. A. (1999). Performance, Blood Chemistry and Carcass Quality Attributes of Birds fed Raw and Processed Prueraria Seed Meal. Tropical Journal of Animal Science, 2 (2): 89-96
Cilly, V. K., Lodhi, G. N. and Ichponani, J. S. (2003). Effect of Different Levels of Protein and Energy on the Perfomance of Starter Chicks. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 45 (5): 408-416.
Emenalom, O. O. and Udedibie, A. B. (2005). Effect of Dietary Raw, Sun-dried and Roasted Mucuna poggei Leaves on the Performance of Finisher Broilers. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 25 (2): 115-119.
Hill,F.W. and Dansky, L. M. (2005). Studies on the Energy Requirements of Chicks. Poultry Science Journal, 33, 1034-1041.
Ihedioha, C.N. and Okoye, C.O. (2011). Nutritional Evaluation of Munua flageillipes leaves: An underutilized Legume in Eastern Nigeria. American Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization, 1, 55-63.
Looft, H., Otto, G., Roche, R., Thoelking, L. and Kaim, E. (2004). Comparison of Different Methods of Drip and Cooking Loss Determination and their Relationship to Meat Quality and Carcass Characteristics in Broilers. Meat Science Journal, 68 (3): 401-409.
Makkar, H.P. and Becker, K. (1997). Nutrient and Anti-nutrient factors in Morphological parts of the Moringa oleifere tree. Cambridge Journal of Agricultural Science, 128, 311-322.
Navid, S., Hilmi, M., Sazili, A. Q. and Sheikhlar, A. (2010). Effect of Papaya Leaf Meal and Vitamin D3 Supplementation on Meat Quality of Spent Layer Hen. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9 (22): 2873-2876.
Odunsi, A. A. and Olomu, J. A. (2000). Growth, Carcass Characteristics and Body Composition of Broiler Chicken fed Wild Sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) forage meal. Tropical Animal Production and Investigation Journal, 2, 205-211.
Oko, A.O., Nwoba, S.T., Idenyi, J.N., Ogah, O., Ugwu, O.O and Ehihia, L.U. (2012). Effects of Substituting Some Components of Broilers’ Feed with Aqueous Extract of Fresh Leaves of Mucuna poggei. Journal of Biology and Life Science, 3, 243-253.
Olaboro, G., Esonu, B. O., and Okot, M. W. (2001). Growth Depressing Factors in Mucuna flagellipes Leaves fed to Broiler Chicks. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 57 (2): 103-110.
Olomu, J.M. (1979). Poultry production in Nigeria: Proceedings of the first National Seminar on Poultry. A publication of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. 20-23.
Tuleun, C.D., Carew, S.N. and Patrick, J.A. (2008). Fruit Characteristics and Chemical composition of some Varieties of Velvet beans (Mucuna spp) found in Benue State of Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7, 2630-2670.
Uchegbu, M. C., Okoli, C., Etuke, E.B., Anyanwu, C. E. and Esonu, B. O. (2002). Preliminary Studies on Mucuna flagellipes as Livestock Feed Ingredient: Proximate Composition. Proceeding of the 36th Annual Conference of the Agriculture Society of Nigeria, Fed.Uni. of Tech. Owerri. October 20-24, pp 422-424.