Physicochemical Properties and Fatty Acid Composition of Castor Bean Ricinus communis L. Seed Oil
European Journal of Biophysics
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 62-65
Received: Aug. 31, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 25, 2017; Published: Nov. 28, 2017
Views 2494      Downloads 113
Authors
Orijajogun Joyce Omohu, Inorganic and Material Chemistry Department, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja, Nigeria
Ayegba Clement Omale, Inorganic and Material Chemistry Department, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The oil content of castor seeds depends on the genotype; it is also affected by the environmental conditions, cultural practices and time of harvesting. The oil from castor bean seed obtained from Zaria in Northern Nigeria was extracted using a soxhlet method. The yield of the oil from the Castor beans is 37.8%. The physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of the seed oil of castor bean were studied. The physicochemical analysis of the oil showed iodine value 93.50 mg/g; saponification value 182.61 mgKOH/g; peroxide value 5.7 meq/kg; acid value 15.57 mgKOH/g; free fatty acid value 7.8 and ester value 165.57 mgKOH/g. The fatty acid profile showed that the ricinoleic acid comprises about 86.96% of the total fatty acid composition. The major saturated fatty acids are palmitic (0.56%) and oleic (5.1%). Other fatty acids present were Octanoic acid 0.29% and pentanoic acid 1.33%. The castor seed oil is rich in ricinoleic acid which shows that the oil is a good source of ricinoleic acid.
Keywords
Ricinus communis, Physicochemical, Castor Bean, Ricinoleic Acid, Oil
To cite this article
Orijajogun Joyce Omohu, Ayegba Clement Omale, Physicochemical Properties and Fatty Acid Composition of Castor Bean Ricinus communis L. Seed Oil, European Journal of Biophysics. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 62-65. doi: 10.11648/j.ejb.20170504.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Amit KJ and Amit S. Research approach and prospects of Non Edible vegetable oil as a potential Resourse for Biolubricant. Advanced Engineering and Applied sciences, 1 (1): 23-32, (2012).
[2]
Trease, G. F and Evans, W. C. Pharmacognosy, 15th Edition Saunders, (2002).
[3]
Akpan UG, Jimoh A and Mohammed AD. Extraction, Characterization and Modification of castor seed oil; Leonardo journal of sciences, (8): pp 43-52, (2006).
[4]
Ogunniyi DS, Castor Oil: A vital industrial raw material. Bioresource Technology, (97): 1086-1091, (2006).
[5]
Adebayo TB, Rofiat TA and Victoria TB. Fatty acid composition and physicochemical properties of Castor (R. communis L.) seed obtained from Malete, Moro local Govt. Area Kwara state, Nigeria: Chemistry and material Research, (3): No 12, (2013).
[6]
Jumat S, Dina AM and Nazrizawati, AT. Fatty acid composition and physicochemical properties of Malaysian castor beans Ricinus Communis L. seed oil: Sains Malaysiana. 39 (5): 761-764, (2010).
[7]
Ramos, LCD, Tango, JS, Savi, A & Leal, NR. Variability for Oil and Fatty Acid Composition in Castor bean Varieties. Journal of American Oil Chemist Society. (61): 1841-1843, (1984).
[8]
Gupta, SS, Hilditch, TP and Riley, JP. The Fatty Acids and Glycerides of Castor Oil. Journal of The Science of Food and Agriculture, 2 (6): 245-251, (1951).
[9]
Koutroubas, SD, Papakosta, DK and Doitsinis, A. Adaptation and yielding ability of castor plant (Ricinus communis L.) genotypes in a Mediterranean climate. European Journal of Agronomy, 11 (3-4): 227-237, (1999).
[10]
Kadri Adel, Gharsallah Neji, Damak Mohammed, Gdoura Radhouane. Chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant properties of essential oil of Ricinus Communis L. Journal of Medicinal plants Research, Vol. 5 (8): 1466-1470, 2011.
[11]
Muzenda, E.; Kabuba, J.; Mdletye, P. And Belaid, M. (2012): Optimization of Process Parameters for Castor Oil Production. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, Vol. III, London, U.K.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186