Comparative Study of the Physicochemical Properties of Zizyphus Spina and Moringa Oleifera Seed Oils
European Journal of Biophysics
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 71-75
Received: Sep. 15, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 20, 2016; Published: Feb. 12, 2017
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Authors
Emmanuel Stella Adedunni, Inorganic and Material Chemistry Department, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO), Abuja, Nigeria
Olajide Olutayo Olawumi, Organic and Natural Product Chemistry Department, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO), Abuja, Nigeria
Owoicho Idoko, Inorganic and Material Chemistry Department, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO), Abuja, Nigeria
Adebiyi Adedayo Olufemi, Organic and Natural Product Chemistry Department, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO), Abuja, Nigeria
Thomas Sunday Asuquo, Inorganic and Material Chemistry Department, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO), Abuja, Nigeria
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Abstract
Oils of Zyziphus spina (Z. spina) and Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera) seeds were analyzed for physicochemical, phytochemical and lipid composition. M. oleifera seeds gave oil yield of 40.47% while Z. Spina seeds gave 30%. Refractive index, density and acid value (mg KOH g-1) of M. oleifera oil were 1.471, 0.81, 1.16 while Z .spina had 1.441, 0.79, 7.57 respectively. Similarly, Iodine (Wijs), Saponification (mg KOH g-1) and Peroxide (meq kg-1) values obtained for M. oleifera oil were 46.50, 166.77 and 2.16 whereas Z. spina had 86.40, 184.00 and traces respectively. The phytochemical analysis showed the presence of secondary metabolites such as saponin, flavonoids, terpenoid, sterol and balsam in M. oleifera and alkaloids, flavonoid, terpenoid, sterol and resin in Z. spina. Lipid composition showed the presence of neutral lipids, glycolipid and phospholipid in both Z. spina and M. oleifera.
Keywords
Z. Spina, M. Oleifera, Oil, Physico-Chemical and Phytochemical
To cite this article
Emmanuel Stella Adedunni, Olajide Olutayo Olawumi, Owoicho Idoko, Adebiyi Adedayo Olufemi, Thomas Sunday Asuquo, Comparative Study of the Physicochemical Properties of Zizyphus Spina and Moringa Oleifera Seed Oils, European Journal of Biophysics. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 71-75. doi: 10.11648/j.ejb.20160406.13
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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