On the Origin and Invariance of the Genetic Assignments as Elementary Semiotic Controls: A Basic Hypothesis
European Journal of Biophysics
Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages: 17-28
Received: Jul. 23, 2014;
Accepted: Aug. 3, 2014;
Published: Aug. 10, 2014
Views 2528 Downloads 120
András Balázs, Department of Biological Physics, ELTE TTK Budapest, H – 1117 Pázmány s. 1/A, HUNGARY
In this paper we hope to place the two basic facts of life, constant active self – maintenance and self – reproduction, into a fresh light. The basic idea is considering the genetic assignments as a „biological invariant of motion”, the latter forming a hierarchically produced, „self - constructing”, regressive time inversion symmetry restoration, a closed semantic real – time upbuilding loop. It is, actually, the predetermined future of the biological system. It is this, in fact, what gives birth to the above strange fact of determined self – maintenance and, as its derived consequence, „self” – reproduction, as the symmery attained. It is carried out in a mediated, „weak” self – reference loop, as a natural prerequisite for the invariance of the genetic code as a „biological invariant of motion”. Being an involved and dubious case, as it is usual, we mainly concentrate on its origin. We suppose a special type of quantum measurement as the original assignation mechanism, with a usual concomitant time inversion symmetry breaking. Symmetry restoring, in fact, is a semiotic control process of the genetic code, the process tentatively conceived to be the living (biological) state of matter.
On the Origin and Invariance of the Genetic Assignments as Elementary Semiotic Controls: A Basic Hypothesis, European Journal of Biophysics.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2014, pp. 17-28.
Balázs A (2013) The biological “invariant of motion” vs. “struggle for life”? On the possible quantum mechanical origin and evolution of semiotic controls in biology. Information 4, 367 – 397.
Neumann, J (1955) Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (Princeton University Press, Princeton), Chapters V. – VI.
Wigner, E P (1961) Remarks on the mind-body question. The Scientist Speculates. ed. Good I.J., (Heinemann, London), pp. 284–302.
Belinfante FJ (1975) Measurement and Time Reversal in Objective Quantum Theory. (Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford)
Nicolis, G., Prigogine, I. (1977) Self-Organization in Non-Equilibrium Systems. (Wiley, New York)
Kauffman S (1993) The Origins of Order. (Oxford University Press, Oxford – New York)
Patel A D (2008) Towards understanding the origin of genetic languages. Quantum Aspects of Life. eds. Abbot D, Davies P, Pati, A, (Imperial College Press, London), Ch. 10. arXiv: 0705.3895v2
Crick F H C (1968) The origin of the genetic code. J. Mol. Biol. 38, 367–379.
Pattee, H H (1971) Can life explain quantum mechanics? Quantum Theory and Beyond ed. Bastin T, (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge), pp. 307 – 319.
Pattee, H H (1974) The vital statistics of quantum dynamics. Irreversible Thermodynamics and the Origin of Life. eds. Oster, G.F., Silver, I.L., Tobias, C.A., (Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York), pp. 33 – 43.
Bashford, J D, Tsohantjis, I, Jarvis, P D (1997) Codon and nucleotide assignments in a supersymmetric model of the genetic code. Phys. Lett. A. 233, 481–488.
Bashford, J D, Tsohantjis, I, Jarvis, P D (1998) A supersymmetric model for the evolution of the genetic code. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 987–992.
Darwin C R (1859) The Origin of Species. (Murray, London)
Elze, H-T, Gambarotta, G., Vallone, F. (2011). Path integral for classical dynamics, entanglement, and Jaynes-Cummings model at the quantum-classical divide. Int. J. Quantum Inf. 9, 203–224.
Dawkins R (1976) The Selfish Gene. (Freeman and Co., Oxford)
Dyson F (1999) Origins of Life. (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge)
Matsuno K (1989) Protobiology: Physical Basis of Biology. (CRC Press, Boca Raton)
Patel A D (2001). Quantum algorithms and the genetic code. Pramana – The J. of Phys. 56 (2- 3), 367 – 381.
Pattee, H H (1973). Physical basis and origin of hierarchical control. Hierarchy Theory, ed. Pattee, H H, (Braziller, New York), Ch. 4.
Zurek W H (2008) Relative states and the environment: einselection, envariance, quantum Darwinism and the existential interpretation. arXiv: 0707.2832v [quant-ph]
Wigner E P (1961) On the probability of the existence of a self – reproducing unit. The Logic of Personal Knowledge: Essays Presented to Michael Polanyi (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London), pp. 231 – 238.
Stapp H P (1993) Mind, Matter and Quantum Mechanics (Springer, Berlin – New York)
Popa R (2004) Between Necessity and Probability: Searching for the Definition and Origin of Life (Springer Verlag , Berlin – Heidelberg)
Bohr N (1934) Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature (Cambridge Univ. Press, London)
Wigner, E. P., 1959. Group Theory and its Application for the Theory of Atomic Spectra, (Academic Press, New York)
Conrad M. (1989) Physics and biology: Towards a unified model. Appl. Math. Comp. 32, 75 – 102.
Conrad M. (1993) The fluctuon model of force, life and computation. Appl. Math. and Comp.56, 208 – 259.