American Journal of Art and Design
Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2016, Pages: 1-7
Received: Oct. 30, 2016;
Accepted: Nov. 28, 2016;
Published: Dec. 29, 2016
Views 6370 Downloads 153
Zhenxiao Zhao, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Communication University of China, Beijing, China
In the late eighteenth dynasty, a swift and gigantic change in religion lead by Akhenaton had not only affected the course of the Egyptian society, but also gave birth to an art form later known as Amarna art. This period is referred as the Amarna period. However, the beginning and ending time of Amarna art are still vague and controversial. The artistic style of Amarna art has been constantly miscomprehended in contemporary documentations and the interpretation is deeply influenced by the reception of temporal society. Nevertheless, since the essential function of Egyptian art in the ancient time was to eulogize the Egyptians’ religious ideology, the reason of transformations that occurred in art could always be traced back to religion. Therefore, when seeing Amarna art through Egyptian religion, it can be interpreted as a unique style that was brought to life for Akhenaton’s religion reformation and eventually died off with the ending of the Amarna period.
The Time Period and Artistic Style of Amarna Art, American Journal of Art and Design.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2016, pp. 1-7.
Aldred, Cyril. Egyptian Art in the Days of the Pharaohs, 3100–320 B. C. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1985.
Cater, Howard. The Tomb of Tutankhamen. USA: E. P. Dutton, 1972.
Cone, Polly, ed. Wonderful Things: the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb. USA: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1976.
Craner, Fred S., and Christin J. Mamiya. Gardener’s Art through the Ages. PRC: Cengage Learning Asia Pte Ltd, 2005.
Duiker, William J., and Jackson J. Spielvogel. World History, Volume I. USA: Cengage Learning, 2010.
Dungen, Wim Van den. “The Aten of Pharaoh Akhenaten: a monotheism of light without darkness.” Last modified June 1, 2016. http://www.maat.sofiatopia.org/aten.htm.
El-Shahawy, Abeer, and Farid Atiya. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo: A Walk through the Alleys of Ancient Egypt. Egypt: Farid Atiya Press, 2005.
Gilbert, Katharine Stoddert, ed., Joan K. Holt, ed., and Sara Hudson, ed. Treasures of Tutankhamun. USA: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1976.
Hawass, Zahi. Hidden Treasures of Ancient Egypt. USA – Cairo: the National Geographic Society & the University of Cairo press, 2004.
Hawass, Zahi. Inside the Egyptian Museum with Zahi Hawass (Collector’s Edition). Egypt: The American University in Cairo Press, 2010.
Hawass, Zahi, Yehia Z. Gad, Somaia Ismail, Rabab Khairat, Dina Fathalla, Naglaa Hasan, Amal Ahmed, Hisham Elleithy, Markus Ball, Fawzi Gaballah, Sally Wasef, Mohamed Fateen, Hany Amer, Paul Gostner, Ashraf Selim, Albert Zink, and Carsten M. Pusch. “Ancestry and pathology in king Tutankhamun’s family.” JAMA. 2010; 303(7):638-647. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.121.
Hawass, Zahi. “King Tut’s family secret.” National Geographic. September, 2010. http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2010/09/tut-dna/hawass-text/2.
Haymond, Bryce. “Time and Eternity: An Egyptian Dualism.” Last modified June 25, 2008. http://www.templestudy.com/2008/06/25/time-and-eternity-an-egyptian-dualism.
Hornung, Erik, ed., Rolf Krauss, ed., and David A. Warburton, ed. Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies). Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2006.
Hornung, Erik. “The Rediscovery of Akhenaten and His Place in Religion.” Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, vol. 29, pp. 43-49. doi: 10.2307/40000483.
Huo, Gao. Egyptian Art. Shi Jiazhuang: Heibei Educational Pte Ltd, 2003.
Jianqun, Li, ed.,and Luo Shiping, ed. Art of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Beijing: China Renmin Universiy Press, 2010.
Laboury, Dimitri. “Amarna art.” In Kathlyn M. Cooney, Willeke Wendrich (eds.), UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology, Los Angeles. http://digital2.library.ucla.edu/viewItem.do?ark=21198/zz0026vj6m
Loyd, Joshua J.. 2013, “Ancient Egyptian Culture.” Last modified January 13, 2013. http://www.ancient.eu/Egyptian_Culture/.
Málek, Jaromír. Egyptian Art. London: Phaidon Press Limited, 1999.
McArthur, R. 2011, Egyptian Art: The Amarna Revolution. Available from: Academia. [14 October 2015].
Robins, Gay. The Art of Ancient Egypt (Revised Edition). London – USA: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Spence, Kate. “Akhenaten and the Amarna period.” Last modified February 17, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/akhenaten_01.shtml.
Vergnieux, Robert. “Les premières années du règne d'Aménophis IV (ou le proto-amarnien).” Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (1996), vol. 140, no. 3, pp. 813-820.
Yiqiang, Cao, Li Hong, and Yi Shaochun. Fine Art. Nanjing Normal University Press, 2013.
Zorn, Olivia. Wie erkenne ich? Die Kunst der ÄGYPTER. Geben Sie die erste Bewertung für diesen Artikel ab, 2004.